Skip to main content Accessibility help

Emission spectra of noble gases and their mixtures under ion beam excitation

  • M.U. Khasenov (a1)


The luminescence spectra of noble gases and their binary mixtures were measured using heavy ion beam excitation from a DC-60 accelerator. Spectra were measured in the range of 200–975 nm; the gas spectra were dominated by lines of ps and dp atomic transitions; in neon and argon, lines from atomic oxygen, N2, N2 +, and OH radical bands were also observed. The ultraviolet region of the spectra was represented by a “third continuum” of noble gases. In krypton, the band of the KrO excimer molecule with a maximum at 557 nm was also observed. The maxima of the heteronuclear ionic molecules bands were located at wavelengths of 329 and 506 nm (Ar–Xe), 491 nm (Kr–Xe), and 642 nm (Ar–Kr). The relative intensities of the 2p–1s transitions of the noble gases atoms were measured and are discussed.


Corresponding author

Address correspondence and reprint requests to: M.U. Khasenov, National Laboratory Astana, Nazarbayev University, 53, Kabanbay Batyr Avenue, NLA, Astana 010000, Kazakhstan. E-mail:


Hide All
Abramov, A.A., Gorbunov, V.V., Melnikov, S.P., Mukhamatullin, A.Kh., Pikulev, A.A., Sinitsyn, A.V., Sinyanskii, A.A. & Tsvetkov, V.M. (2006). Luminescence of nuclear-induced rare-gas plasmas in near infrared spectral range. Proc. SPIE 6263, 279296.
Bennett, W.R. (1962). Optical spectra excited in high pressure noble gases by alpha impact. Ann. Phys. 18, 367420.
Boichenko, A.M., Tarasenko, V.F., Fomin, E.A. & Yakovlenko, S.I. (1993). Broadband emission continua in rare gases and in mixtures of rare gases with halides. Quantum Electron. 23, 325.
Boichenko, A. M., Tarasenko, V. F. & Yakovlenko, S. I. (1999). The nature of third continua in rare gases. Laser Phys. 9, 10041020.
Boody, F.P. & Prelas, M.A. (1993). Absolutely calibrated spectra of nuclear-driven rare gases, 400–950 nm. Proc. Specialist Conf. “The Physics of Nuclear-Excited Plasma and the problems of Nuclear-Excited Lasers”, Vol. 2, pp. 149–155. Obninsk, Russia.
De Young, R.J. & Weaver, W.R. (1980). Spectra from nuclear-excited plasmas. J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70, 500506.
Friedl, W. (1959). Krypton-Xenon Banden. Z. Naturforsch. 14A, 848848a.
Gikal, B., Dmitriev, S., Apel, P., Bogomolov, S., Borisov, O., Buzmakov, V., Gulbekyan, G., Ivanenko, I., Ivanov, O., Itkis, M., Kazarinov, N., Kalagin, I., Kolesov, I., Papash, A., Paschenko, S., Tikhomirov, A. & Khabarov, M. (2008). DC-60 heavy ion cyclotron complex: The first beams and project parameters. Phys. Part. Nucl. Lett. 5, 642644.
Gorbunov, V.V., Grigor'ev, V.D., Dovbysh, L.E., Mel'nikov, S.P., Sinitsyn, A.V., Sinjanskii, A.A. & Tsvetkov, V.M. (2004). The luminescence spectra in the 350–875 nm range of the dense gas excited by uranium fission fragments. Proc. RFNC-VNIIEF, Issue 6, pp. 148–173 (in Russian).
Griegel, T., Drotleff, H.W., Hammer, J.W. & Petkau, K. (1990). The third continuum of the rare gases emitted by heavy ion beam induced plasmas. J. Chem. Phys. 93, 45814588.
Ivanov, V.A. (1992). Dissociative recombination of molecular ions in noble-gas plasmas. Sov. Phys. – Usp. 35, 1736.
Khasenov, M.U. (2005). Emission of ionic molecules (KrXe)+ at excitation by a hard ionizer. J. Appl. Spectrosc. 72, 316320.
Khasenov, M.U. (2006). Emission of the heteronuclear ionic molecules (ArXe)+ at excitation by a hard ionizer. Proc. SPIE 6263, 141148.
Khasenov, M.U. (2014). Mechanisms of population of the levels in gas lasers pumped by ionizing radiation. Laser Part. Beams 32, 501508.
Kugler, E. (1964). Über die Lumineszenze der Edelgasgemische Ar/Xe, Kr/Xe, Ar/Kr und der Gemische Xe/N2 und Kr/N2 bei Angerung mit schnellen Elektronen. Ann. Phys., Leipzig 14, 137146.
Laigle, C. & Collier, F. (1983). Kinetic study of (ArXe)+ heteronuclear ion in electron beam excited Ar–Xe mixture. J. Phys. Ser. B 16, 687697.
McCusker, M. (1984). The rare gas excimers. In Excimer Lasers. 2nd edn. (Rhodes, C.K., Ed.), pp. 4786. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
Mel'nikov, S.P., Sizov, A.N., Sinyanskii, A.A. & Miley, G.H. (2015). Lasers with Nuclear Pumping. Heidelberg: Springer.
Millet, P., Barrie, A.M., Birot, A., Brunet, H., Dijols, H., Galy, G. & Salamero, J. (1981). Kinetic study of (ArKr)+ and (ArXe)+ heteronuclear ion emissions. J. Phys., Ser. B 14, 459472.
Mis'kevich, A.I. (1991). Visible and near-infrared direct nuclear pumped lasers. Laser Phys. 1, 445481.
Prelas, M.A., Boody, F. P., Miley, G.H. & Kunze, J. F. (1988). Nuclear driven flashlamps. Laser Part. Beams 6, 2562.
Radtsig, A.A. & Smirnov, B.M. (1986). Parameters of Atoms and Atomic Ions. Moscow: Energoatomizdat (in Russian).
Sakasai, K., Kakuta, T., Yamagishi, H., Nakazawa, M., Yamanaka, N. & Iguchi, T. (1996). Experiments for optical neutron detection using nuclear pumped laser. IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 43, 15491553.
Tanaka, Y., Yoshino, K. & Freeman, D.E. (1975). Emission spectra of heteronuclear diatomic rare gas positive ions. J. Chem. Phys. 62, 44844496.
Ulrich, A. (2012). Light emission from the particle beam induced plasma: An overview. Laser Part. Beams 30, 199205.
Ulrich, A., Adonin, A., Jacoby, J., Turtikov, V., Fernengel, D., Fertman, A., Golubev, A., Hoffmann, D.H.H., Hug, A., Krucken, R., Kulish, M., Menzel, J., Morozov, A., Ni, P., Nikolaev, D.N., Shilkin, N.S., Ternovoi, V.Ya., Udrea, S., Varentsov, D. & Wieser, J. (2006). Excimer laser pumped by an intense, high-energy heavy-ion beam. Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 153901.
Wieser, J., Ulrich, A., Fedenev, A. & Salvermoser, M. (2000). New interpretation of the third rare gas excimer continua. Proc. SPIE 4071, 248254.
Xu, J. & Setser, D.W. (1990). Deactivation rate constants and product branching in collisions of the Xe(6p) states with Kr and Ar. J. Chem. Phys. 92, 41914202.
Zdorovets, M., Ivanov, I., Koloberdin, M., Kozin, S., Alexandrenko, V., Sambaev, E., Kurakhmedov, A. & Ryskulov, A. (2014). Accelerator complex based on DC-60 cyclotron. Proc. 24th Russian Particle Accelerator Conf., pp. 287289. Obninsk: FEI.



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed