Skip to main content

High-charge divergent electron beam generation from high-intensity laser interaction with a gas-cluster target

  • P. Koester (a1), G.C. Bussolino (a1), G. Cristoforetti (a1), A. Faenov (a2) (a3), A. Giulietti (a1), D. Giulietti (a4) (a5), L. Labate (a1) (a5), T. Levato (a1) (a6), T. Pikuz (a2) (a7) and L.A. Gizzi (a1) (a5)...

We report on an experimental study on the interaction of a high-contrast 40 fs duration 2 TW laser pulse with an argon-cluster target. A high-charge, homogeneous, large divergence electron beam with moderate kinetic energy (~2 MeV) is observed in the forward direction. The results show that an electron beam with a charge as high as 12 nC can be obtained using a table-top laser system. It was demonstrated that the accelerated electron beam is suitable for a variety of applications such as micro-radiography of thin samples in a wide field of view. It can also be applied for in vitro dosimetry studies.

Corresponding author
Address correspondence and reprint requests to: P. Koester, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche – Istituto Nazionale Ottica, Via Moruzzi 1, 56124 Pisa, Italy. E-mail:
Hide All
Abdallah, J., Faenov, A.Y., Skobelev, I.Y., Magunov, A.I., Pikuz, T.A., Auguste, T., D'Oliveira, P., Hulin, S. & Monot, P. (2001). Hot-electron influence on the x-ray emission spectra of Ar clusters heated by a high-intensity 60-fs laser pulse. Phys. Rev. A 63, 032706.
Boldarev, A.S., Gasilov, V.A., Faenov, A.Ya., Fukuda, Y. & Yamakawa, V. (2006). Gas-cluster targets for femtosecond laser interaction: Modeling and optimization. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 083112.
Bussolino, G., Faenov, A., Giulietti, A., Giulietti, D., Koester, P., Labate, L., Levato, T., Pikuz, T. & Gizzi, L. (2013). Electron radiography using a table top laser-cluster plasma accelerator, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 46, 245501.
Chair, A.N.R., Blackwell, C.R., Coursey, B.M., Gall, K.P., Galvin, J.M., McLaughlin, W.L., Meigooni, A.S., Nath, R., Rodgers, J.E. & Soares, C.G. (1998). Radiochromic film dosimetry: Recommendations of aapm radiation therapy committee task group 55. Med. Phys. 25, 20932115.
Chen, L.M., Yan, W.C., Li, D.Z., Hu, Z.D., Zhang, L., Wang, W.M., Hafz, N., Mao, J.Y., Huang, K., Ma, Y., Zhao, J.R., Ma, J.L., Li, Y.T., Lu, X., Sheng, Z.M., Wei, Z.Y., Gao, J. & Zhang, J. (2013). Bright betatron x-ray radiation from a laser-driven-clustering gas target. Sci. Rep. 3, 19121918.
Colgan, J., Abdallah, J. Jr, Faenov, A.Ya., Pikuz, T.A., Skobelev, I.Yu., Fortov, V.E., Fukuda, Y., Akahane, Y., Aoyama, M., Inoue, N. & Yamakawa, K. (2008). The role of hollow atoms in the spectra of an ultrashort-pulse-laser-driven Ar cluster target. Laser Par. Beams 26, 8393.
Colgan, J., Abdallah, J. Jr., Faenov, A.Ya., Pikuz, T.A., Skobelev, I.Yu., Fukuda, Y., Hayashi, Y., Pirozhkov, A., Kawase, K., Shimomura, T., Kiriyama, H., Kato, Y., Bulanov, S.V. & Kando, M. (2011). Observation and modeling of high resolution spectral features of the inner-shell X-ray emission produced by 10−10 contrast femtosecond-pulse laser irradiation of argon clusters. High Energy Density Phys. 7, 7783.
Faenov, A.Ya., Magunov, A.I., Pikuz, T.A., Skobelev, I.Yu., Giulietti, D., Betti, S., Galimberti, M., Gamucci, A., Giulietti, A., Gizzi, L.A., Labate, L., Levato, T., Tomassini, P., Marques, J.R., Bourgeois, N., Dobosz-Dufrenoy, S., Ceccoti, T., Monot, P., Reau, F., Popoescu, H., D'Oliveira, P., Martin, Ph., Fukuda, Y., Boldarev, A.S., Gasilov, S.V. & Gasilov, V.A. (2008). Non-adiabatic cluster expansion after ultrahsort laser interaction. Laser Part. Beams 26, 6981
Faenov, A.Y., Pikuz, T.A., Fukuda, Y., Kando, M., Kotaki, H., Homma, T., Kawase, K., Kameshima, T., Pirozkhov, A., Yogo, A., Tampo, M., Mori, M., Sakaki, H., Hayashi, Y., Nakamura, T. Jr, Pikuz, S.A., Skobelev, I.Y., Gasilov, S.V., Giulietti, A., Cecchetti, C.A., Boldarev, A.S., Gasilov, V.A., Magunov, A., Kar, S., Borghesi, M., Bolton, P., Daido, H., Tajima, T., Kato, Y. & Bulanov, S.V. (2009). Submicron ionography of nanostructures using a femtosecond-laser-driven-cluster-based source. Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 101107.
Faenov, A.Ya., Pikuz, T.A., Fukuda, Y., Skobelev, I.Yu., Nakamura, T., Bulanov, S.V., Hayashi, Y., Kotaki, H., Pirozhkov, A.S., Kawachi, T., Chen, L.M., Zhang, L., Yan, W.C., Yuan, D.W., Mao, J.Y., Wang, Z.H., Fortov, V.E., Kato, Y. & Kando, M. (2013). Generation of quantum beams in large clusters irradiated by super-intense, high – contrast femtosecond laser pulses. Contrib. Plasma Phys. 53, 148160.
Faenov, A.Ya., Skobelev, I.Yu., Pikuz, T.A., Pikuz, S.A., Fortov, V.E., Fukuda, Y., Hayashi, Y., Pirozhkov, A., Kotaki, H., Shimomura, T., Kiriyama, H., Kanazawa, S., Kato, Y., Colgan, J., Abdallah, J. & Kando, M. (2012). X-ray spectroscopy diagnoses of clusters surviving under prepulses of ultraintense femtosecond laser pulse irradiation. Laser Part. Beams 30, 481488.
Fukuda, Y., Akahane, Y., Aoyama, M., Hayashi, Y., Homma, T., Inoue, N., Kando, M., Kanazawa, S., Kiriyama, H., Kondo, S., Kotaki, H., Masuda, S., Mori, M., Yamazaki, A., Yamakawa, K., Echkina, E.Yu., Inovenkov, I.N., Koga, J. & Bulanov, S.V. (2007). Utrarelativistic electron generation during the intense, ultrashort laser pulse interaction with clusters. Phys. Lett. A 363, 130.
Fukuda, Y., Akahane, Y., Aoyama, M., Inoue, N., Ueda, H., Kishimoto, Y., Yamakawa, K., Faenov, A.Ya., Magunov, A.I., Pikuz, T.A., Skobelev, I.Yu., Abdallah, J. Jr., Csanak, G., Boldarev, A.S. & Gasilov, V.A. (2004). Generation of X-rays and energetic ions from micron-sized Ar clusters irradiated by ultrafast, high intensity laser pulses. Laser Part. Beams 22, 215220.
Fukuda, Y., Faenov, A.Y., Tampo, M., Pikuz, T.A., Nakamura, T., Kando, M., Hayashi, Y., Yogo, A., Sakaki, H., Kameshima, T., Pirozhkov, A.S., Ogura, K., Mori, M., Esirkepov, T., Koga, J., Boldarev, A.S., Gasilov, V.A., Magunov, A.I., Kodama, R., Bolton, P., Kato, Y., Tajima, T., Daido, H. & Bulanov, S. (2009). Energy increase in multi-MeV ion acceleration in the interaction of short pulse laser with a cluster-gas target. Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 165002.
Gahn, C., Tsakiris, G.D., Pukhov, A., Ter Vehn, J.M., Pretzler, G., Thirolf, P., Habs, D. & Witte, K.J. (1999). Multi-MeVelectron beam generation by direct laser acceleration in high-density plasma channels. Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 47724775.
Gavrilenko, V.P., Faenov, A.Ya., Magunov, A.I., Skobelev, I.Yu., Pikuz, T.A., Kim, K.Y. & Milchberg, H.M. (2006). Observation of modulations in Lyman-alfa profiles of multicharged ions in clusters irradiated by fs laser pulses: Effect of a dynamic electric field. Phys. Rev. A 73, 013203.
Giulietti, D. & Labate, L. (2010). Laser Plasma Acceleration and Related Electromagnetic sources. In Progress in ultrafast intense laser science (Yamanouchi, K., Giulietti, A. & Ledingham, K., Eds.), Vol. 5, Chap. 9, pp. 165185. Heidelberg: Springer.
Hayashi, Y., Pirozhkov, A.S., Kando, M., Fukuda, Y., Faenov, A., Kawase, K., Pikuz, T., Nakamura, T., Kiriyama, H., Okada, H. & Bulanov, S.V. (2011). Efficient generation of Xe K-shell x rays by high-contrast interaction with submicrometer clusters. Opt. Lett. 36, 16141616.
Jinno, S., Fukuda, Y., Sakaki, H., Yogo, A., Kanasaki, M., Kondo, K., Faenov, A.Ya., Skobelev, I.Yu., Pikuz, T.A., Boldarev, A.S. & Gasilov, V. (2013). Mie scattering from submicron-sized CO2 clusters formed in a supersonic expansion of a gas mixture. Opt. Express 21, 2065620674.
Kim, K.Y., Kumarappan, V., Milchberg, H., Faenov, A.Ya., Magunov, A.I., Pikuz, T.A. & Skobelev, I.Yu. (2006). X-Ray spectroscopy of ~1 cm channels produced by self-focusing pulse propagation in elongated cluster jets. Phys. Rev. E 78, 066463.
Kishimoto, Y., Masaki, T. & Tajima, T. (2002). High energy ions and nuclear fusion in laser–cluster interaction. Phys. Plasmas 9, 589.
Kishimoto, Y. & Tajima, T. (2000). Strong coupling between Clusters and Radiation. In High-field science (Tajima, T., Mima, K. & Baldis, H., Eds.), Chap. 3, pp. 8396. New York: Springer.
Kugland, N.L., Constantin, C.G., Neumayer, P., Chung, H.-K., Collette, A., Dewald, E.L., Froula, D.H., Glenzer, S.H., Kemp, A., Kritcher, A.L., Ross, J.S. & Niemann, C. (2008b). High Kα x-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra-short laser pulses. Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 241504.
Kugland, N.L., Neumayer, P., Döppner, T., Chung, H.-K., Constantin, C.G., Girard, F., Glenzer, S.H., Kemp, A. & Niemann, C. (2008a). High contrast Kr gas jet Kα x-ray source for high energy density physics experiments. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79, 10E917.
Magunov, A.I., Faenov, A.Ya., Skobelev, I.Yu., Pikuz, T.A., Dobosz, S., Schmidt, M., Perdrix, M., Meynadier, P., Gobert, O., Normand, D., Stenz, C., Bagnoud, V., Blasco, F., Roche, J.R., Salin, F. & Sharkov, B.Yu. (2003). X-ray spectra of fast ions from clusters by ultra-short laser pulses. Laser Part. Beams 21, 7379.
Magunov, A.I., Pikuz, T.A., Skobelev, I.Yu., Faenov, A.Ya., Blasco, F., Dorchies, F., Caillaud, T., Bonte, K., Stenz, C., Salin, F., Loboda, P.A., Litvinenko, I.A., Popova, V.V., Baidin, G.V., Abdallah, J. Jr & Junkel-Vives, G.C. (2001). Influence of ultrashort laser pulse duration on the X-ray emission spectrum of plasma produced in cluster target. JETP Lett. 74, 375379.
Malka, V., Fritzler, S., Lefebvre, E., Aleonard, M.M., Burgy, F., Chambaret, J.P., Chemin, J.F., Krushelnick, K., Malka, G., Mangles, S.P.D., Najmudin, Z., Pittman, M., Rousseau, J.-P., Scheurer, J.-N., Walton, B. & Dangor, A.E. (2002). Electron acceleration by a wake field forced by an intense utrashort laser pulse. Science 298, 1596.
Mangles, S., Walton, B., And, Z.N., Dangor, A.E., Krushelnick, K., Malka, V., Manclossi, M., Lopes, N., Carias, C., Mendes, G. & Dorchies, F. (2006). Table-top laser-plasma acceleration as an electron radiography source. Laser Part. Beams 24, 185190.
Mangles, S.P.D., Genoud, G., Bloom, M.S., Burza, M., Najmudin, Z., Persson, A., Svensson, K., Thomas, A.G.R. & Wahlström, C.G. (2012). Self-injection threshold in self-guided laser wake-field accelerators. Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 15, 011302.
Merrill, F., Harmon, F., Hunt, A., Mariam, F., Morley, K., Morris, C., Saunders, A. & Schwartz, C. (2007). Electron radiography. Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 261, 382386.
Modena, A., Najmudin, Z., Dangor, A., Clayton, C., Marsh, K., Joshi, C., Malka, V., Darrow, C., Danson, C., Neely, D. & Walsh, F. (1995). Electron acceleration from the breaking of relativistic plasma waves. Nature 377, 606.
Najmudin, Z., Krushelnick, K., Clark, E., Mangles, S., Walton, B., Dangor, A., Fritzler, S., Malka, V., Lefebvre, E., Gordon, D., Tsung, F. & Joshi, C. (2003). Self-modulated wakefield and forced laser wakefield acceleration of electrons. Phys. Plasmas 10, 2071.
Sakabe, S., Shimizu, S., Hashida, M., Sato, F., Tsuyukushi, T., Nishihara, K., Okihara, S., Kagawa, T., Izawa, Y., Imasaki, K. & Iida, T. (2004). Generation of high-energy protons from the Coulomb explosion of hydrogen clusters by intense femtosecond laser pulses. Phys. Rev. A 69, 023203.
Schumaker, W., Nakanii, N., McGuffey, C., Zulick, C., Chyvkov, V., Dollar, F., Habara, H., Kalintchenko, G., Maksimchuk, A., Tanaka, K.A., Thomas, A.G.R., Yanovsky, V. & Krushelnick, K. (2013). Ultrafast electron radiography of magnetic fields in high-intensity laser-solid interactions. Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 015003.
Serbanescu, C. & Fedosejevs, R. (2006). Electron radiography using hot electron jets from sub-millijoule femtosecond laser pulses. Appl. Phys. B 83, 521525.
Sherrill, M.E., Abdallah, J. Jr, Csanak, G., Dodd, E.S., Fukuda, Y., Akahane, Y., Aoyama, M., Inoue, N., Ueda, H., Yamakawa, K., Faenov, A.Ya., Magnov, A.I., Pikuz, T.A. & Skobelev, I.Yu. (2006). Spectroscopic characterization of an ultrashort laser driven Ar cluster target incorporating both Boltzmann and particle-in-cell models. Phys. Rev. E 73, 066404.
Tajima, T. & Dawson, J. (1979). Laser electron accelerator. Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 267.
Tajima, T., Kishimoto, Y. & Downer, M.C. (1999). Optical properties of cluster plasma. Phys. Plasmas 6, 3759.
Zhang, L., Chen, L.-M., Yuan, D.-W., Yan, W.-C., Wang, Z.-H., Liu, C.H., Shen, Z.H.-W., Faenov, A., Pikuz, T., Skobelev, I., Gasilov, V., Boldarev, A., Mao, J.-Y., Li, Y.-T., Dong, Q.-L., Lu, X., Ma, J.-L., Wang, W.-M., Sheng, Z.H.-M. & Zhang, J. (2011). Enhanced Kα output of Ar and Kr using size optimized cluster target irradiated by high-contrast laser pulses. Opt. Express 19, 2581225822.
Zhang, L., Chen, L.M., Wang, W.M., Yan, W.C., Yuan, D.W., Mao, J.Y., Wang, Z.H., Liu, C., Shen, Z.W., Faenov, A., Pikuz, T., Li, D.Z., Li, Y.T., Dong, Q.L., Lu, X., Ma, J.L., Wei, Z.Y., Sheng, Z.M. & Zhang, J. (2012). Electron acceleration via high contrast laser interacting with submicron clusters. Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 014104.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Laser and Particle Beams
  • ISSN: 0263-0346
  • EISSN: 1469-803X
  • URL: /core/journals/laser-and-particle-beams
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed