Skip to main content Accessibility help

Spectral tomographic analysis of Bremsstrahlung X-rays generated in a laser-produced plasma

  • Y.J. Rhee (a1) (a2), S.M. Nam (a1), J. Peebles (a3), H. Sawada (a3), M. Wei (a4), X. Vaisseau (a5), T. Sasaki (a5), L. Giuffrida (a5) (a6), S. Hulin (a5), B. Vauzour (a5), J.J. Santos (a5), D. Batani (a5), H.S. McLean (a7), P.K. Patel (a7), Y.T. Li (a8), D.W. Yuan (a9), K. Zhang (a9), J.Y. Zhong (a9), C.B. Fu (a10), N. Hua (a11), K. Li (a11), Y. Zhang (a11), J.Q. Zhu (a11), I.J. Kim (a2) (a12) (a13), J.H. Jeon (a2), T.M. Jeong (a2) (a12), I.W. Choi (a2) (a12), H.W. Lee (a2), J.H. Sung (a2) (a12), S.K. Lee (a2) (a12) and C.H. Nam (a2) (a14)...

A new approach is proposed to analyze Bremsstrahlung X-rays that are emitted from laser-produced plasmas (LPP) and are measured by a stack type spectrometer. This new method is based on a spectral tomographic reconstruction concept with the variational principle for optimization, without referring to the electron energy distribution of a plasma. This approach is applied to the analysis of some experimental data obtained at a few major laser facilities to demonstrate the applicability of the method. Slope temperatures of X-rays from LPP are determined with a two-temperature model, showing different spectral characteristics of X-rays depending on laser properties used in the experiments.

Corresponding author
Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Y.J. Rhee, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon 34057, Korea and Center for Relativistic Laser Science, Institute for Basic Science (IBS), Gwangju 61005, Korea. E-mail:
Hide All
Badziak, J., Borodziuk, S., Pisarczyk, T., Chodukowski, T., Krousky, E., Masek, K., Skala, J., Ullschmied, J. & Rhee, Y.-J. (2010). Highly efficient acceleration and collimation of high density plasma using laser-induced cavity pressure. Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 251502.
Badziak, J., Pisarczyk, T., Chodukowski, T., Kasperczuk, A., Parys, P., Rosiński, M., Wołowski, J., Krousky, E., Krasa, J., Mašk, K., Pfeifer, M., Skala, J., Ullschmied, J., Velyhan, A., Dhareshwar, L.J., Gupta, N.K., Rhee, Y.-J., Torrisi, L. & Pisarczyk, P. (2009). Formation of a supersonic laser-driven plasma jet in a cylindrical channel. Phys. Plasmas 16, 114506.
Batani, D., Antonelli, L., Atzeni, S., Badziak, J., Baffigi, F., Chodukowski, T., Consoli, F., Cristoforetti, G., De Angelis, R., Dudzak, R., Folpini, G., Giuffrida, L., Gizzi, L.A., Kalinowska, Z., Koester, P., Krousky, E., Krus, M., Labate, L., Levato, T., Maheut, Y., Malka, G., Margarone, D., Marocchino, A., Nejdl, J., Nicolai, Ph., O'Dell, T., Pisarczyk, T., Renner, O., Rhee, Y.J., Ribeyre, X., Richetta, M., Rosinski, M., Sawicka, M., Schiavi, A., Skala, J., Smid, M., Spindloe, Ch., Ullschmied, J., Velyhan, A. & Vinci, T. (2014). Generation of high pressure shocks relevant to the shock-ignition intensity regime. Phys. Plasmas 21, 032710.
Bonnet, T., Comet, M., Denis-Petit, D., Gobet, F., Hannachi, F., Tarisien, M., Versteegen, M. & ALeonard, M.M. (2013). Response functions of imaging plates to photons, electrons and 4He particles. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84, 103510.
Chen, C.D., King, J.A., Key, M.H., Akli, K.U., Beg, F.N., Chen, H., Freeman, R.R., Link, A., Mackinnon, A.J., MacPhee, A.G., Patel, P.K., Porkolab, M., Stephens, R.B. & Van Woerkom, L.D. (2008). A Bremsstrahlung spectrometer using k-edge and differential filters with image plate dosimeters. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79, 10E305.
Chen, C.D., Patel, P.K., Hey, D.S., Mackinnon, A.J., Key, M.H., Akli, K.U., Bartal, T., Beg, F.N., Chawla, S., Chen, H., Freeman, R.R., Higginson, D.P., Link, A., Ma, T.Y., MacPhee, A.G., Stephens, R.B., Van Woerkom, L.D., Westover, B. & Porkolab, M. (2009). Bremsstrahlung and Kα fluorescence measurements for inferring conversion efficiencies into fast ignition relevant hot electrons. Phys. Plasmas 16, 082705.
Choi, I.W., Kim, I.J., Pae, K.H., Nam, K.H., Lee, C.-L., Yun, H., Kim, H.T., Lee, S.K., Yu, T.J., Sung, J.H., Pirozhkov, A.S., Ogura, K., Orimo, S., Daido, H. & Lee, J. (2011). Simultaneous generation of ions and high-order harmonics from thin conjugated polymer foil irradiated with ultrahigh contrast laser. Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 181501.
Clark, E.L., Krushelnick, K., Davies, J.R., Zepf, M., Tatarakis, M., Beg, F.N., Machacek, A., Norreys, P.A., Santala, M.I.K., Watts, I. & Dangor, A.E. (2000). Measurements of energetic proton transport through magnetized plasma from intense laser interactions with solids. Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 670673.
Fujioka, S., Johzaki, T., Arikawa, Y., Zhang, Z., Morace, A., Ikenouchi, T., Ozaki, T., Nagai, T., Abe, Y., Kojima, S., Sakata, S., Inoue, H., Utsugi, M., Hattori, S., Hosoda, T., Lee, S.H., Shigemori, K., Hironaka, Y., Sunahara, A., Sakagami, H., Mima, K., Fujimoto, Y., Yamanoi, K., Norimatsu, T., Tokita, S., Nakata, Y., Kawanaka, J., Jitsuno, T., Miyanaga, N., Nakai, M., Nishimura, H., Shiraga, H., Nagatomo, H. & Azechi, H. (2015). Heating efficiency evaluation with mimicking plasma conditions of integrated fast-ignition experiment. Phys. Rev. E, 91, 063102.
Fujioka, S., Takabe, H., Yamamoto, N., Salzmann, D., Wang, F., Nishimura, H., Li, Y., Dong, Q., Wang, S., Zhang, Y., Rhee, Y.-J., Lee, Y.-W., Han, J.-M., Tanabe, M., Fujiwara, T., Nakabayashi, Y., Zhao, G., Zhang, J. & Mima, K. (2009a). X-ray astronomy in the laboratory with a miniature compact object produced by laser-driven implosion. Nat. Phys. 5(11), 821825.
Fujioka, S., Yamamoto, N., Salzmann, D., Wang, F., Li, Y., Dong, Q., Wang, S., Zhang, Y., Rhee, Y.-J., Lee, Y.-W., Han, J.-M., Kwon, D.-H., Zhong, J., Zhao, G., Tanabe, M., Fujiwara, T., Nakabayashi, Y., Zhang, J., Nishimura, H., Takabe, H. & Mima, K. (2009b). Laboratory spectroscopy of silicon plasmas photoionized by mimic astrophysical compact object. Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 51, 124032.
Hoarty, D., James, S., Davies, H., Brown, C., Harris, J., Smith, C., Davidson, S., Kerswill, E., Crowley, B. & Rose, S. (2007). Heating of buried layer targets by 1ω and 2ω pulses using the HELEN cpa laser. High Energy Density Phys. 3, 115119.
Honrubia, J. & Meyer-ter-Vehn, J. (2009). Fast ignition of fusion targets by laser-driven electrons. Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 51, 014008.
Key, M., Akli, K., Beg, F., Chen, M., Chung, H.-K., Freeman, R., Foord, M., Green, J., Gu, P., Gregori, G., Habara, H., Hatch- ett, S., Hey, D., Hill, J., King, J., Kodama, R., Koch, J., Lancaster, K., Lasinski, B., Langdon, B., MacKinnon, A., Murphy, C., Norreys, P., Patel, N., Patel, P., Pasley, J., Snavely, R., Stephens, R., Stoeckl, C., Tabak, M., Theobald, W., Tanaka, K., Town, R., Wilks, S., Yabuuchi, T. & Zhang, B. (2006). J. de Physique IV (Proc.) 133, 371378.
Kodama, R., Shiraga, H., Shigemori, K., Toyama, Y., Fujioka, S., Azechi, H., Fujita, H., Habara, H., Hall, T., Izawa, Y., Jitsuno, T., Kitagawa, Y., Krushelnick, K.M., Lancaster, K.L., Mima, K., Nagai, K., Nakai, M., Nishimura, H., Norimatsu, T., Norreys, P.A., Sakabe, S., Tanaka, K.A., Youssef, A., Zepf, M. & Yamanaka, T. (2002). Nuclear fusion: Fast heating scalable to laser fusion ignition. Nature 418, 933.
Maksimchuk, A., Gu, S., Flippo, K., Umstadter, D. & Bychenkov, V.Y. (2000). Forward ion acceleration in thin films driven by a high intensity laser. Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 41084111.
Medowcroft, A.L., Bentley, C.D. & Stott, E.N. (2008). Evaluation of the sensitivity and fading characteristics of an image plate system for x-ray diagnostics. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79, 113102.
Nishimura, H., Mishra, R., Ohshima, S., Nakamura, H., Tanabe, M., Fujiwara, T., Yamamoto, N., Fujioka, S., Batani, D., Veltcheva, M., Desai, T., Jafer, R., Kawamura, T., Sentoku, Y., Mancini, R., Hakel, P., Koike, F. & Mima, K. (2011). Energy transport and isochoric heating of a low-z, reduced-mass target irradiated with a high intensity laser pulse. Phys. Plasmas 18, 022702.
Patel, P.K., Mackinnon, A.J., Key, M.H., Cowan, T.E., Foord, M.E., Allen, M., Price, D.F., Ruhl, H., Springer, P.T. & Stephens, R. (2003). Isochoric heating of solid-density matter with an ultrafast proton beam. Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 125004.
Perez, F., Gremillet, L., Koenig, M., Baton, S.D., Audebert, P., Chahid, M., Rousseaux, C., Drouin, M., Lefebvre, E., Vinci, T., Rassuchine, J., Cowan, T., Gaillard, S.A., Flippo, K.A. & Shepherd, R. (2010). Enhanced isochoric heating from fast electrons produced by high-contrast, relativistic-intensity laser pulses. Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 085001.
Saemann, A., Eidmann, K., Golovkin, I.E., Mancini, R.C., An- dersson, E., Fӧrster, E. & Witte, K. (1999). Isochoric heating of solid aluminum by ultrashort laser pulses focused on a tamped target. Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 48434846.
Scott, R.H.H., Clark, E.L., Pérez, F., Streeter, M.J.V., Davies, J.R., Schlenvoigt, H.-P., Santos, J.J., Hulin, S., Lancaster, K.L., Baton, S.D., Rose, S.J. & Norreys, P.A. (2013). Measuring fast electron spectra and laser absorption in relativistic laser-solid interactions using differential bremsstrahlung photon detectors. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84, 083505.
Shiraga, H., Fujioka, S., Nakai, M., Watari, T., Nakamura, H., Arikawa, Y., Hosoda, H., Nagai, T., Koga, M., Kikuchi, H., Ishii, Y., Sogo, T., Shigemori, K., Nishimura, H., Zhang, Z., Tanabe, M., Ohira, S., Fujii, Y., Namimoto, T., Sakawa, Y., Maegawa, O., Ozaki, T., Tanaka, K.A., Habara, H., Iwawaki, T., Shimada, K., Nagatomo, H., Johzaki, T., Sunahara, A., Murakami, M., Sakagami, H., Taguchi, T., Norimatsu, T., Homma, H., Fujimoto, Y., Iwamoto, A., Miyanaga, N., Kawanaka, J., Jitsuno, T., Nakata, Y., Tsubakimoto, K., Sueda, K., Morio, N., Matsuo, S., Kawasaki, T., Sawai, K., Tsuji, K., Murakami, H., Kanabe, T., Kondo, K., Kodama, R., Sarukura, N., Shimizu, T., Mima, K., Azechi, H. (2012). Integrated experiments of fast ignition targets by Gekko-XII and LFEX lasers. High Energy Density Phys. 8(3), 227230.
Snavely, R.A., Key, M.H., Hatchett, S.P., Cowan, T.E., Roth, M., Phillips, T.W., Stoyer, M.A., Henry, E.A., Sangster, T.C., Singh, M.S., Wilks, S.C., MacKinnon, A., Offenberger, A., Pennington, D.M., Yasuike, K., Langdon, A.B., Lasinski, B.F., Johnson, J., Perry, M.D. & Campbell, E.M. (2000). Intense high-energy proton beams from petawatt-laser irradiation of solids. Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 29452948.
Tabak, M., Hammer, J., Glinsky, M.E., Kruer, W.L., Wilks, S.C., Woodworth, J., Campbell, E.M., Perry, M.D. & Mason, R.J. (1994). Ignition and high gain with ultra-powerful lasers. Phys. Plasmas 1, 1626.
Theobald, W., Solodov, A.A., Stoeckl, C., Anderson, K.S., Betti, R., Boehly, T.R., Craxton, R.S., Delettrez, J.A., Dorrer, C., Frenje, J.A., Glebov, V.Yu., Habara, H., Tanaka, K.A., Knauer, J.P., Lauck, R., Marshall, F.J., Marshall, K.L., Meyerhofer, D.D., Nilson, P.M., Patel, P.K., Chen, H., Sangster, T.C., Seka, W., Sinenian, N., Ma, T., Beg, F.N., Giraldez, E. & Stephens, R.B. (2011). Initial cone-in-shell fast ignition experiments on OMEGA. Phys. Plasmas 18, 056305.
Vaisseau, X., Debayle, A., Honrubia, J.J., Hulin, S., Morace, A., Nicolaï, Ph., Sawada, H., Vauzour, B., Batani, D., Beg, F.N., Davies, J.R., Fedosejevs, R., Gray, R.J., Kemp, G.E., Kerr, S., Li, K., Link, A., McKenna, P., McLean, H.S., Mo, M., Patel, P.K., Park, J., Peebles, J., Rhee, Y.J., Sorokovikova, A., Tikhonchuk, V.T., Volpe, L., Wei, M. & Santos, J.J. (2015). Enhanced relativistic electron beam energy loss in warm dense aluminum. Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 095004.
Vauzour, B., Santos, J.J., Batani, D., Baton, S.D., Koenig, M., Nicolaı, Ph., Perez, F., Beg, F.N., Benedetti, C., Benocci, R., Brambrink, E., Chawla, S., Coury, M., Dorchies, F., Fourment, C., Galimberti, M., Gizzi, L.A., Heathcote, R., Higginson, D.P., Honrubia, J.J., Hulin, S., Jafer, R., Jarrot, L.C., Labate, L., Lancaster, K., Koester, P., MacKinnon, A.J., McKenna, P., McPhee, A.G., Nazarov, W., Pasley, J., Ramis, R., Rhee, Y., Regan, C., Ribeyre, X., Richetta, M., Serres, F., Schlenvoigt, H.-P., Schurtz, G., Sgattoni, A., Spindloe, C., Vaisseau, X., Volpe, L. & Yahia, V. (2011). Experimental study of fast electron propagation in compressed matter. Nuclear Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 653, 176180.
Vauzour, B., Santos, J.J., Debayle, A., Hulin, S., Schlenvoigt, H.-P., Vaisseau, X., Batani, D., Baton, S.D., Honrubia, J.J., Nicolaï, Ph., Beg, F.N., Benocci, R., Chawla, S., Coury, M., Dorchies, F., Fourment, C., d'Humières, E., Jarrot, L.C., McKenna, P., Rhee, Y.J., Tikhonchuk, V.T., Volpe, L. & Yahia, V. (2012). Relativistic high-current electron-beam stopping-power characterization in solids and plasmas: collisional versus resistive effects. Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 255002.
Zhao, J.R., Zhang, X.P., Yuan, D.W., Chen, L.M., Li, Y.T., Fu, C.B., Rhee, Y.J., Li, F., Zhu, B.J., Li, Y.F., Liao, G.Q., Zhang, K., Han, B., Liu, C., Huang, K., Ma, Y., Li, Yi.F., Xiong, J., Huang, X.G., Fu, S.Z., Zhu, J.Q., Zhao, G. & Zhang, J. (2015). Neutron yield enhancement in laser-induced deuterium-deuterium fusion using a novel shaped target. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86, 063505.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Laser and Particle Beams
  • ISSN: 0263-0346
  • EISSN: 1469-803X
  • URL: /core/journals/laser-and-particle-beams
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed