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Archaeology and Archaeoastronomy of Mount Tlaloc, Mexico: A Reconsideration

  • Stanisław Iwaniszewski (a1)

This paper reevaluates the architectural remains atop Mount Tlaloc in light of recent contributions by Aveni et al. (1988), Broda (1989, 1991a, 1991b), and Townsend (1991). Evidence suggests that there were at least two phases of architectural activity on the mountain. An archaeoastronomical analysis of the ceremonial enclosure leads to the suggestion that the orientation of the structure reveals a paradigm marking out specific days by denoting positions of the sun-at-horizon events at intervals of 20 days. This may be a reference to the nemontemi days of the Mexican 365-day solar calendar. Mount Tlaloc also appears to be associated with other mountains through visual lines that correlate with sunrise on dates when ceremonies were performed in sanctuaries situated on prominent elevations.

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W. Lauer , and D. Klaus 1975 The Thermal Circulation of the Central Mexican Meseta Region Within Influence of the Trade Winds. Archiv für Meteorologie. Geophysik, und Bioklimatologie (Serie B) 23:343366.

P. Martínez del Rio 1934 Les chasses “chacu” au mexique et les ruines du Zacatepec. Journal de la Société des Américanistes 26:293300.

C. G. Rickards 1929 The Ruins of Tlaloc, State of Mexico. Journal de la Société des Américanistes 21:197199.

F. Tichy 1974a Deutung von Orts-und Flurnetzen im Hochland von Mexiko als Kultreligiöse Reliktformen Altin-dianischerbesiedlung. Erdkunde 28(3): 194207.

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Latin American Antiquity
  • ISSN: 1045-6635
  • EISSN: 2325-5080
  • URL: /core/journals/latin-american-antiquity
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