Skip to main content
×
×
Home

AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AND GROWTH IN TURKEY

  • Ayşe İmrohoroğlu (a1), Selahattın İmrohoroğlu (a1) and Murat Üngör (a2)
Abstract

This paper investigates the growth experience of one country in detail in order to enhance our understanding of important factors that affect economic growth. Using a two-sector model, we identify low productivity growth in the agricultural sector as the main reason for the divergence of income per capita between Turkey and its peer countries between 1968 and 2005. An extended model that incorporates distortions in the use of intermediate goods in producing agricultural output indicates that policies that have different effects across sectors and across time may be important in explaining the growth experience of countries.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Address correspondence to: Murat Üngör, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey, İstiklal Caddesi 10, Ulus, 06100 Ankara, Turkey; e-mail: murat.ungor@tcmb.gov.tr.
References
Hide All
Acemoğlu, Daron and Guerrieri, Veronica (2008) Capital deepening and non-balanced economic growth. Journal of Political Economy 116, 467498.
Acemoğlu, Daron, Johnson, Simon, and Robinson, James A. (2001) The colonial origins of comparative development: An empirical investigation. American Economic Review 91, 13691401.
Adamopoulos, Tasso and Akyol, Ahmet (2009) Relative underperformance Alla Turca. Review of Economic Dynamics 12, 697717.
Altuğ, Sumru G., Filiztekin, Alpay, and Pamuk, Şevket (2008) Sources of long-term economic growth for Turkey, 1880–2005. European Review of Economic History 12, 393430.
Alvarez-Cuadrado, Francisco and Poschke, Markus (2011) Structural change out of agriculture: Labor push versus labor pull. American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics 3, 127158.
Anderson, Kym and Valenzuela, Ernesto (2008) Estimates of Global Distortions to Agricultural Incentives, 1955 to 2007. World Bank, Washington, DC. http://www.worldbank.org/agdistortions.
Barro, Robert J. (1999) Determinants of democracy. Journal of Political Economy 107, S158183.
Baumol, William J. (1967) Macroeconomics of unbalanced growth: The anatomy of urban crisis. American Economic Review 57, 415426.
Buera, Francisco J. and Kaboski, Joseph P. (2009) Can traditional theories of structural change fit the data? Journal of the European Economic Association 7, 469477.
Çeçen, A. Aydın, Doğruel, A. Suut, and Doğruel, Fatma (1994) Economic growth and structural change in Turkey 1960–88. International Journal of Middle East Studies 26, 3756.
Dennis, Benjamin N. and İşcan, Talan (2011) Agricultural distortions, structural change, and economic growth: A cross-country analysis. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 93, 885905.
Duarte, Margarida and Restuccia, Diego (2010) The role of the structural transformation in aggregate productivity. Quarterly Journal of Economics 125, 129173.
Echevarria, Cristina (1995) Agricultural development vs. industrialization: Effects of trade. Canadian Journal of Economics 28, 631647.
Echevarria, Cristina (1997) Changes in sectoral composition associated with economic growth. International Economic Review 38, 431452.
Foellmi, Reto and Zweimüller, Josef (2008) Structural change, Engel's consumption cycles and Kaldor's facts of economic growth. Journal of Monetary Economics 55, 13171328.
Glaeser, Edward L., La Porta, Rafael, Lopez-de-Silanes, Florencio, and Shleifer, Andrei (2004) Do institutions cause growth? Journal of Economic Growth 9, 271303.
Gollin, Douglas (2009) Agricultural Productivity and Economic Growth. Mimeo, Williams College. http://sites.google.com/site/douglasgollin/doug-gollin/research.
Gollin, Douglas, Lagakos, David, and Waugh, Michael (2012) The Agricultural Productivity Gap in Developing Countries. Mimeo, Williams College, Arizona State University, and New York University. https://sites.google.com/site/davidlagakos/home/research.
Gollin, Douglas, Parente, Stephen L., and Rogerson, Richard (2002) The role of agriculture in development. American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings 92, 160164.
Gollin, Douglas, Parente, Stephen L., and Rogerson, Richard (2004) Farm work, home work and international productivity differences. Review of Economic Dynamics 7, 827850.
Gollin, Douglas, Parente, Stephen L., and Rogerson, Richard (2007) The food problem and the evolution of international income levels. Journal of Monetary Economics 54, 12301255.
Günçavdı, Öner, Bleaney, Michael, and McKay, Andrew (1999) The response of private investment to structural adjustment—A case study of Turkey. Journal of International Development 11, 221239.
Hall, Robert E. and Jones, Charles I. (1999) Why do some countries produce so much more output per worker than others? Quarterly Journal of Economics 114, 83116.
Herrendorf, Berthold and Schoellman, Todd (2011) Why Is Measured Productivity So Low in Agriculture? Mimeo, Arizona State University. http://sites.google.com/site/bertholdherrendorf/Home/research-1.
İşcan, Talan B. (2010) How much can Engel's law and Baumol's disease explain the rise of service employment in the United States? B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics 10, Article 26.
Kongsamut, Piyabha, Rebelo, Sergio, and Xie, Danyang (2001) Beyond balanced growth. Review of Economic Studies 68, 869882.
Krueger, Anne O. (1974) Foreign Trade Regimes and Economic Development: Turkey. A Special Conference Series on Foreign Trade Regimes and Economic Development. New York: National Bureau of Economic Research. http://www.nber.org/books/krue74-1.
Krueger, Anne O. (1992) The Political Economy of Agricultural Pricing Policy. Vol. 5: A Synthesis of the Political Economy in Developing Countries. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Krueger, Anne O., Schiff, Maurice, and Valdés, Alberto (1988) Agricultural incentives in developing countries: Measuring the effect of sectoral and economywide policies. The World Bank Economic Review 2, 255271.
Lagakos, David and Waugh, Michael (2011) Selection, Agriculture, and Cross-Country Productivity Differences. Mimeo, Arizona State University and New York University. https://sites.google.com/site/davidlagakos/home/research.
Matsuyama, Kiminori (1992) Agricultural productivity, comparative advantage, and economic growth. Journal of Economic Theory 58, 317334.
Ngai, Rachel L., and Pissarides, Christopher A. (2007) Structural change in a multisector model of growth. American Economic Review 97, 429443.
Olgun, Hasan (1991) Turkey. In Krueger, Anne O., Schiff, Maurice, and Valdés, Alberto (eds.), The Political Economy of Agricultural Pricing Policy. Vol. 3: Africa and the Mediterranean, pp. 230267. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Olgun, Hasan, and Haluk, Kasnakoğlu (1989) Trade, Exchange Rate, and Agricultural Pricing Policies in Turkey. Washington, DC: World Bank, Country Economics Department, Trade Policy Division.
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (2008) Employment and Labour Market Statistics Summary Tables. Paris: OECD.
Ravn, Morten O. and Uhlig, Harald (2002) On adjusting the Hodrick–Prescott filter for the frequency of observations. Review of Economics and Statistics 84, 371376.
Restuccia, Diego, Yang, Dennis Tao, and Zhu, Xiaodong (2008) Agriculture and aggregate productivity: A quantitative cross-country analysis. Journal of Monetary Economics 55, 234250.
Rogerson, Richard (2008) Structural transformation and the deterioration of European labor market outcomes. Journal of Political Economy 116, 235259.
The Conference Board (2009) Total Economy Database.
Timmer, Marcel P. and de Vries, Gaaitzen J. (2007) A Cross-Country Database for Sectoral Employment and Productivity in Asia and Latin America, 1950–2005. Groningen, The Netherlands: Groningen Growth and Development Centre Research Memorandum GD-98, University of Groningen.
Turkish Statistical Institute (TURKSTAT) (2007) Statistical Indicators, 1923–2006. Ankara: TURKSTAT.
Turkish Statistical Institute (TURKSTAT) (2008) National Accounts. Ankara: TURKSTAT. http://www.turkstat.gov.tr/.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Macroeconomic Dynamics
  • ISSN: 1365-1005
  • EISSN: 1469-8056
  • URL: /core/journals/macroeconomic-dynamics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed