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A MIXED BLESSING: Natural Resources and Economic Growth

  • Thorvaldur Gylfason (a1), Tryggvi Thor Herbertsson (a2) and Gylfi Zoega (a3)
    • Published online: 01 June 1999

This paper diagnoses the symptoms of the Dutch disease in a two-sector stochastic endogenous growth model. A productive, low-skill-intensive primary sector causes the currency to appreciate in real terms, thus hampering the development of a high-skill-intensive secondary sector and thereby reducing growth. Moreover, the volatility of the primary sector generates real-exchange-rate uncertainty and may thus reduce investment and learning in the secondary sector and hence also growth. Cross-sectional and panel regressions based on data for 125 countries in the period 1960–1992 confirm a statistically significant inverse relationship between the size of the primary sector and economic growth, but not between the volatility of the real exchange rate and growth.

Corresponding author
Address correspondence to: T. Gylfason, University of Iceland, Odda v/Sturlugotu, IS-101 Reykjavik, Iceland, SNS, Stockholm, and CEPR; e-mail
T. Herbertsson, Institute of Economic Studies, University of Iceland, Odda v/Sturlugotu, IS-101 Reykjavik, Iceland, and University of Aarhus; e-mail
G. Zoega, Birkbeck College, University of London, 7-15 Gresse Street, London W1P 2LL; e-mail
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Macroeconomic Dynamics
  • ISSN: 1365-1005
  • EISSN: 1469-8056
  • URL: /core/journals/macroeconomic-dynamics
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