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Evolution and Coevolution: Dynamic Knowledge Capability Building for Catching-up in Emerging Economies

  • Xiaoying Dong (a1), Yan Yu (a2) and Na Zhang (a3)
Abstract
ABSTRACT

Knowledge has always been a strategic resource for firms; however, there is a lack of research regarding how a firm's knowledge management (KM) contributes to its capability catching-up and adaptation in emerging economies. This article focuses on the knowledge capability building of Chinese private firms that were set up in the 1990s and pays particular attention to how firms with limited resources and knowledge went on to achieve remarkable success. This paper presents its analysis through a multi-level co-evolutionary lens and a case study on the Li-Ning Company. The case study depicts the macro coevolution between the changing business environment and the firm's strategic choices, as well as the micro coevolution of the organizational strategy and the KM orientations, processes, and infrastructures within the firm. The research sheds light on the dynamic capability building trajectory for the firms in emerging economies.

摘要:

知识一直是公司的战略资源; 然而, 企业的知识管理 (KM) 如何有助于其在新兴经济体中的能力赶超和适应缺乏研究。本文重点介绍了20世纪90年代建立的中国私营企业的知识能力建设, 特别关注资源有限的企业是如何取得显著成效的。本文展示多层面协同演化视角和李宁公司案例研究。案例研究描述变化的商业环境与企业战略选择之间的宏观协同演化, 以及组织战略和企业内的KM导向、过程及基础设施的微观协同演化。本研究揭示了新兴经济体中企业动态能力建设的轨迹。

ज्ञान सदैव फर्म के लिए कूटनैतिक संसाधन रहा है; वरन ज्ञान प्रबंधन के उदीयमान अर्थव्यवस्थाओं में बराबरी व अनुकूलन प्रभाव पर सीमित शोध उपलब्ध है. यह शोध ९० के दशक में स्थापित निजी फर्मों में ज्ञान क्षमता सर्जन पर केंद्रित है जिसमें इस बात पर विशेष प्रकाश डाला गया है की सीमित ज्ञान संसाधन वाली फार्मों में सराहनीय उपलब्धियां कैसे हुईं. इस शोध में बहु-स्तरीय उद्गम के मूल्यांकन के माध्यम से आकलन प्रस्तुत किया गया है और में साथ ही एक चीनी निजी कंपनी का वृत्त अध्ययन दिया गया है. वृत्त अध्ययन में परिवर्तनशील व्यापारिक वातावरण तथा फर्म के रणनैतिक चुनाव के सह-उद्गम तथा संगठनीय रणनीति व फर्म के ज्ञान प्रबंध विन्यास, प्रक्रियाओं व अवसंरचना के सूक्ष्म स्तरीय उद्गम को प्रदर्शित किया गया है. यह शोध उदीयमान अर्थव्यवस्थाओं में फर्मों के गतिशील सर्जन प्रक्रम पर प्रकाश डालता है.

O conhecimento sempre foi um recurso estratégico para as empresas; entretanto, há uma falta de pesquisas a respeito de como a gerência do conhecimento (KM) de uma empresa contribui para a sua capacidade de recuperação e adaptação em economias emergentes. Este artigo centra-se na construção de capacidades de conhecimento de empresas privadas chinesas que foram criadas na década de 1990 e presta especial atenção à forma pela qual empresas com recursos e conhecimento limitados passaram a alcançar um sucesso notável.

Este artigo apresenta a sua análise através de uma lente multinível coevolucionária e um estudo de caso sobre a empresa Li-Ning. O estudo de caso descreve a coevolução macro entre um ambiente de negócios em mudança e as escolhas estratégicas da empresa, bem como a coevolução micro da estratégia organizacional e as orientações da KM, processos e infraestrutura na empresa. A pesquisa lança luz sobre a trajetória da construção de capacidades dinâmicas para empresas em economias emergentes.

АННОТАЦИЯ:

Знание всегда является стратегическим ресурсом для компаний; тем не менее, существует мало исследований, посвященных тому, как управление знаниями в компании способствует догоняющему росту и адаптации в странах с развивающейся экономикой. В данной статье основное внимание уделяется развитию динамических способностей приобретения знаний в китайских частных компаниях, которые были созданы в 1990-х годах; особое внимание уделяется тому, как компании с ограниченными ресурсами и знаниями смогли достичь значительных успехов. В этой статье проводится многоуровневый коэволюционный анализ на основании исследования компании Li-Ning. Эмпирическое исследование демонстрирует макрокоэволюцию между меняющейся бизнес-средой и стратегическим выбором компании, а также микрокоэволюцию между организационной стратегией и управлением знаниями, включая ориентацию, процессы и инфраструктуру управления знаниями внутри компании. Данное исследование проливает свет на траекторию создания динамических способностей для компаний в развивающихся странах.

RESUMEN:

El conocimiento siempre ha sido un recurso estratégico para las empresas; sin embargo, hay una falta de investigación sobre cómo la gestión del conocimiento de una empresa contribuye al catching-up y la adaptación de sus capacidades en economías emergentes. Este artículo se centra en la construcción de capacidades de empresas privadas chinas que se establecieron en la década de los 1990 y presta una atención especial al cómo las empresas con recursos y conocimiento limitados pasaron a conseguir un éxito notable. Este artículo presenta su análisis mediante unos lentes multi-evolucionarios y un estudio de caso en la Empresa Li-Ning. El caso de estudio muestra la co-evolución entre los entornos de negocios cambiantes y las opciones estratégicas de la empresa, así como la co-evolución micro de la estrategia organizacional y las orientaciones de gestión del conocimiento, los procesos, y las infraestructuras en la empresa. Esta investigación arroja luces sobre la trayectoria de la construcción de capacidades dinámicas para empresas de economías emergentes.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Corresponding author: Yan Yu (yanyu@ruc.edu.cn)
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