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From Cross-Cultural Economic Experiments to Experimental Indigenous Management Research – A Suggestion

  • Sven Horak (a1)
Abstract

This study provides an overview, categorization, and integration of what has been achieved in the niche of cross-culture experimental economics (CCEE) so far, aiming to inspire indigenous management researchers to extend their methodological toolbox by including experimental methods. As a result of the review, I find that most of the early studies lack depth and contextualization as well as detailed explanation about why human behavior differs. Hence, a better understanding about the influence of culture on economic decision-making is rather limited if it cannot be explained in more detail. In contrast, deep contextualization is a principle in indigenous management research (IMR). Both have so far not benefited from each other in the study of how culture affects human behavior, as both currently develop in parallel. Following the call for high-quality IMR (Tsui, 2004), this paper argues that an experimental methodology can make a contribution to IMR in the future by drawing on the strengths of both IMR (i.e., contextualization) and CCEE (i.e., methodology).

本研究对于跨文化实验经济学迄今为止获得的成就进行总结、分类和整合,旨在启迪本土管理研究者基于已有的实验方法拓展自己的方法工具箱。基于文献回顾,我们发现大多数早期的研究缺乏深度和情境化,对于人类行为为什么存在差异也缺乏详细的解释。因此,如果不能够详细解释文化对经济决策的影响,人们就无法更好地理解这个问题。相反,深入的情境化是本土管理研究的一个原则。跨文化研究和本土研究双方平行地探讨文化如何影响人类行为,但却没有从彼此的研究中获益。响应从事高质量的本土管理研究的号召(Tsui, 2004),本文认为综合本土管理研究的情境化和跨文化实验经济学方法的优势的实验方法,能够对于未来的本土管理研究做出贡献。

यह अध्ययन पार-सांस्कृतिक प्रयोगात्मक अर्थशास्त्र के सिंहावलोकन, वर्गीकरण, एवं सम्प्रति उपलब्धियों का समग्र प्रस्तुत करता है जिसका लक्ष्य स्वदेशीय प्रबंधन के शोधार्थियों को अपनी शोध प्रक्रिया विस्तारित करते हुए प्रयोगात्मक प्रणालियों का उपयोग करने हेतु प्रेरित करना है. अपने पुनरावलोकन परिणामस्वरूप हमने पाया की आरम्भिक अध्ययनों में गहनता और सांदर्भिकता की कमी थी और साथ ही उनमें मानव व्यवहार की विविधता के स्पष्टीकरण की भी कमी थी. इसलिये संस्कृति के आर्थिक निर्णय-प्रक्रिया पर प्रभाव की बेहतर समझ आर्थिक व्याख्या के अभाव में सीमित है. इसके विपरीत गहन संदर्भीकरण स्वदेशीय प्रबंधन शोध का एक अहम नियम है. ये दोनों इकाइयां ही संस्कृति के मानव व्यवहार पर प्रभाव के अध्ययन में पारस्परिक रूप से लाभान्वित नहीं हैं क्योंकि दोनों का समानांतर विकास हो रहा है. उच्च-स्तरीय स्वदेशीय प्रबंधन शोध के आह्वान (सुई, 2004) के मद्देनज़र इस शोध पत्र में यह मत प्रस्तुत किया गया है की प्रयोगात्मक शोध परिपाटी भविष्य में स्वदेशीय प्रबंधन शोध पर दोनों ही इकाइयों की सबलता (स्वदेशीय प्रबंधन शोध का संदर्भीकरण और शोध प्रणाली के तौर पर पार-सांस्कृतिक प्रयोगात्मक अर्थशास्त्र) का योगदान लेकर योगदान कर सकती है.

Este estudo fornece uma visão geral, categorização e integração do que foi alcançado no nicho da economia experimental transcultural (CCEE) até agora, com o objetivo de inspirar os pesquisadores nativos de administração a estender sua caixa de ferramentas metodológicas ao incluir métodos experimentais. Como resultado da revisão, descobrimos que a maioria dos estudos iniciais carece de profundidade e contextualização, bem como explicações detalhadas sobre por que o comportamento humano difere. Assim, uma melhor compreensão sobre a influência da cultura na tomada de decisão econômica é bastante limitada se não puder ser explicada com mais detalhes. Em contraste, profunda contextualização é um princípio na pesquisa nativa de gestão (IMR). Ambas até agora não se beneficiaram um do outro no estudo de como a cultura afeta o comportamento humano, já que ambas atualmente se desenvolvem em paralelo. Seguindo a chamada para IMR de alta qualidade (Tsui, 2004), este artigo argumenta que uma metodologia experimental pode contribuir para IMR no futuro, baseando-se nos pontos fortes tanto da IMR (ou seja, contextualização) quanto da CCEE (ou seja, metodologia).

Это исследование представляет собой обзор, классификацию и интеграцию всего того, что было сделано до сих пор в области межкультурной экспериментальной экономики (МЭЭ), с той целью, чтобы призвать экспертов в сфере национальных исследований по управлению расширить свой методологический инструментарий с помощью экспериментальных методов. В результате обзора, мы приходим к выводу о том, что в большинстве ранних исследований отсутствует глубина и контекстуализация, а также подробное объяснение того, почему модели поведения человека могут так сильно отличаться. Следовательно, понимание того, каким образом культура влияет на принятие экономических решений, будет весьма ограничено без более подробных пояснений. Напротив, глубокая контекстуализация является принципом работы в области национальных исследований по управлению (НИУ). До сих пор, оба научных направления не поддерживали друг друга в изучении того, каким образом культура влияет на поведение человека, поскольку в настоящее время они развиваются параллельно. В ответ на призыв к более качественным исследованиям в области национального управления (Tsui, 2004), в данной работе мы утверждаем, что экспериментальная методология в будущем может внести свой вклад в национальные исследования по управлению, опираясь на сильные стороны как национальных исследований по управлению (НИУ), т.е. контекстуализацию, так и межкультурной экспериментальной экономики (МЭЭ), т.е. методологию.

Este estudio proporciona una visión general, categorización e integración de lo que se ha logrado en el nicho de la economía experimental intercultural (CCEE por sus iniciales en inglés) hasta el momento, con el objetivo de inspirar a los investigadores de gestión indígenas a ampliar su caja de herramientas metodológicas mediante la inclusión de métodos experimentales. Como resultado de la revisión, encontramos que la mayoría de los estudios iniciales carecen de profundidad y contextualización, así como una explicación detallada sobre por qué el comportamiento humano difiere. Por ende, una mejor comprensión sobre la influencia de la cultura en la toma de decisiones económicas es bastante limitada si no se puede explicar con más detalle. En contraste, la contextualización profunda es un principio en la investigación de gestión indígena (IMR por sus iniciales en inglés). Hasta el ahora, ambos no se han beneficiado mutuamente en el estudio de cómo la cultura afecta el comportamiento humano, ya que ambos se desarrollan en paralelo. Siguiendo el llamado para una investigación de gestión indígena de alta calidad (Tsui, 2004), este artículo sostiene que una metodología experimental puede hacer una contribución a la investigación de gestión indígena en el futuro al aprovechar los puntos fuertes de la investigación de gestión indígena (es decir, la contextualización) y la economía experimental intercultural (es decir, la metodología).

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Corresponding author: Sven Horak (horaks@stjohns.edu)
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Accepted by: Senior Editor Peter Ping Li

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Management and Organization Review
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