Skip to main content
×
×
Home

A Missing Piece of the Puzzle: The Organizational Context in Cultural Patterns of Creativity

  • Jing Zhou (a1) and Yanjie Su (a2)
Abstract

In this article, we first review cross-cultural research, especially that concerning similarities and differences between East Asian and Western cultures, on creativity using laboratory tasks and tests. On the basis of this review, we then propose some directions for future cross-cultural research on creativity in the workplace. We emphasize the need to theorize why cultural differences make a difference in creativity and directly investigate, rather than assume, effects of contextual factors on creativity. In this regard, two literatures on creativity – cross-cultural studies using laboratory tasks and organizational studies of employee creativity – can benefit tremendously from integration. We also call for more empirical research examining effects of culture on creativity in the workplace, especially in China.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Amabile T. M. 1979. Effects of external evaluation on artistic creativity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37(2): 221233.
Amabile T. M. 1996. Creativity in context. Boulder, CO: Westview.
Amabile T. M., & Conti H. 1999. Changes in the work environment for creativity during downsizing. Academy of Management Journal, 42(6): 630640.
Amabile T. M., & Gryskiewicz N. D. 1989. The creative environment scales: Work environment inventory. Creativity Research Journal, 2: 231252.
Amabile T. M., Goldfarb P., & Brackfield S. C. 1990. Social influences on creativity: Evaluation, coaction, and surveillance. Creativity Research Journal, 3(1): 621.
Amabile T. M., Conti R., Coon H., Lazenby J., & Herron M. 1996. Assessing the work environment for creativity. Academy of Management Journal, 39(5): 11541184.
Amabile T. M., Schatzel E. A., Moneta G. B., & Kramer S.J. 2004. Leader behaviors and the work environment for creativity: Perceived leader support. Leadership Quarterly, 15(1): 532.
Amabile T. M., Barsade S. G., Mueller J. S., & Staw B. M. 2005. Affect and creativity at work. Administrative Science Quarterly, 50(3): 367403.
Anderson N., De Dreu C. K. W., & Nijstad B. A. 2004. The routinization of innovation research: A constructively critical review of the state-of-the-science. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 25(2): 147173.
Andrews F. M., & Farris F. 1967. Supervisory practices and innovation in scientific teams. Personnel Psychology, 20(4): 497575.
Bartis S., Szymanski K., & Harkins S. G. 1988. Evaluation and performance: A two edged knife. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 14(2): 242251.
Bass B. M. 1985. Leadership and performance beyond expectation. New York: Free Press.
Burns D. J., & Brady J. 1992. A cross-cultural comparison of the need for uniqueness in Malaysia and the United States. The Journal of Social Psychology, 132: 487495.
Burns D. J., & Krampf R. F. 1991. A semiotic perspective on innovative behavior. In King R. L. (Ed.), Developments in marketing science (Vol. 14): 3235. Richmond, VA: Academy of Marketing Science.
Burt R. 2004. Structural holes and good ideas. American Journal of Sociology, 110(2): 349399.
Campbell D. T. 1960. Blind variation and selective retention in creative thought as to other knowledge processes. Psychological Review, 67: 380400.
Carson P. P., & Carson K. D. 1993. Managing creativity enhancement through goal setting and feedback. Journal of Creative Behavior, 27(1): 3645.
Check J. M., & Stahl S. S. 1986. Shyness and verbal creativity. Journal of Research in Personality, 20: 5161.
Chua R. Y.J., Morris M. W., & Ingram P. 2009. Guaim versus networking: Distinctive configurations of affect- and cognition-based trust in the networks of Chinese and American managers. Journal of International Business Studies, 40(3): 480508.
Chua R. Y. J., Morris M. W., & Ingram P. 2010. Embeddedness and new idea discussion in professional networks: The mediating role of affect-based trust. Journal of Creative Behavior, 44(2): 85104.
Cummings A., & Oldham G. R. 1997. Enhancing creativity: Managing work contexts for the high potential employee. California Management Review, 40(1): 2238.
Deci E. L., & Ryan R. M. 1980. The empirical exploration of intrinsic motivational processes. In Berkowitz L. (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology: 3980. New York: Academic Press.
Deci E. L., & Ryan R. M. 1985. Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. New York: Plenum.
Farmer S. M., Tierey P., & Kung-McIntyre K. 2003. Employee creativity in Taiwan: An application of role identity theory. Academy of Management Journal, 46(5): 618630.
Frese M., Teng E., & Wijnen C.J. 1999. Helping to improve suggestion systems: Predictors of making suggestions in companies. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 20: 11391155.
Fu J. H. Y., & Chiu C. Y. 2007. Local cultures' responses to globalization: Exemplary persons and their attendant values. Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology, 38: 636653.
George J. M., & Zhou J. 2001. When openness to experience and conscientiousness are related to creative behavior: An interactional approach. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86(3): 513524.
George J. M., & Zhou J. 2002. Understanding when bad moods foster creativity and good ones don't: The role of context and clarity of feelings. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87(4): 687697.
Gilson L. L., & Shalley C. E. 2004. A little creativity goes a long way: An examination of teams' engagement in creative processes. Journal of Management, 30(4): 453470.
Heine S. J., Lehman D. R., Markus H. R., & Kitayama S. 1999. Is there a universal need for positive self-regard? Psychological Review, 106(4): 766794.
Heine S. J., Kitayama S., Lehman D. R., Takata T., Ide E., Leung C., & Matsumoto H. 2001. Divergent consequences of success and failure in Japan and North America: An investigation of self-improving motivation and malleable selves. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81: 599615.
Higgins E. T., Shah J., & Friedman R. 1997. Emotional responses to goal attainment: Strength of regulatory focus as a moderator. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72(3): 515525.
Hirst G., van Knippenberg D., & Zhou J. 2009. A cross-level perspective on employee creativity: Goal orientation, team learning behavior, and individual creativity. Academy of Management Journal, 52(2): 280293.
Hui M. K., Au K., & Fock H. 2004. Empowerment effects across cultures. Journal of International Business Studies, 35(1): 4660.
Ip G. W., Chen J., & Chiu C. 2006. The relationship of promotion focus, need for cognitive closure, and categorical accessibility in American and Hong Kong Chinese university students. Journal of Creative Behavior, 40: 201215.
Isen A. M., Johnson M. M. S., Mertz E., & Robinson G. R. 1985. The influence of positive affect on the unusualness of word associations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48: 14131426.
Isen A. M., Daubman K. A., & Nowicki G. P. 1987. Positive affect facilitates creative problem solving. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52: 11221131.
Iyengar S. S., & Lepper M. R. 1999. Rethinking the value of choice: A cultural perspective on intrinsic motivation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 76: 349366.
Jaquish G. A., & Ripple R. E. 1984. A life-span developmental cross-cultural study of divergent thinking abilities. InternationalJournal of Aging and Human Development, 20: 19841985.
Kaufmann G., & Vosburg S. K. 1997. ‘Paradoxical’ mood effects on creative problem-solving. Cognition and Emotion, 11(2): 151170.
Kruglanski A. W., & Webster D. M. 1996. Motivated closing of the mind: ‘Seizing’ and ‘freezing’. Psychological Review, 103(2): 263283.
Leung K., & Morris M. W. 2010. Culture and creativity: A social psychological analysis. In Cramer D. D., Murnighan J. K. & Dick R. van (Eds.), Social psychology and organizations. New York: Routledge.
Leung K., Chen Z., Zhou F., & Lim K. 2009. Relationship between traditional culture and innovative performance in China: The role of face and renqing. Unpublished manuscript. China: City University of Hong Kong.
Madjar N., Oldham G. R., & Pratt M. G. 2002. There's no place like home? The contributions of work and nonwork creativity support to employees' creative performance. Academy of Management Journal, 45(4): 757767.
Martin L. L., & Stoner P. 1996. Mood as input: What we think about how we feel determines how we think, In Martin L. L. & Tesser A. (Eds.), Striving and feeling: Interactions among goals, affect, and self-regulation: 279301. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Niu W., & Sternberg R. 2002. Contemporary studies on the concept of creativity: The East and the West. Journal of Creative Behavior, 36: 269287.
Niu W., Zhang J., & Yang Y. 2007. Deductive reasoning and creativity: A cross-cultural study. Psychological Reports, 100: 509519.
Oldham G. R., & Cummings A. 1996. Employee creativity: Personal and contextual factors at work. Academy of Management Journal, 39(3): 607634.
Perry-Smith J. E. 2006. Social yet creative: The role of social relationships in facilitating individual creativity. Academy of Management Journal, 49(1): 85101.
Perry-Smith J. E., & Shalley C. E. 2003. The social side of creativity: A static and dynamic social network perspective. Academy of Management Review, 28: 89106.
Riquelme H. 2002. Creative imagery in the East and West. Creativity Research Journal, 14(2): 281282.
Saeki N., Fan X., & Dusen L. V. 2001. A comparative study of creative thinking of American and Japanese college students. Journal of Creative Behavior, 35: 2436.
Schwartz S. H. 1992. Universals in the content and structure of values: Theory and empirical tests in 20 countries. In Zanna M. (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology. vol. 25: 165. New York: Academic Press.
Schwarz N., & Clore G. L. 2003. Mood as information. Psychological Inquiry, 14: 296303.
Shalley C. E. 1991. Effects of productivity goals, creativity goals, and personal discretion on individual creativity. Journal of Applied Psychology, 76(2): 179185.
Shalley C. E. 1995. Effects of coaction, expected evaluation, and goal setting on creativity and productivity. Academy of Management Journal, 38(2): 483503.
Shalley C. E., & Gilson L. L. 2004. What leaders need to know: A review of social and contextual factors that can foster or hinder creativity. Leadership Quarterly, 15: 3353.
Shalley C. E., & Perry-Smith J. E. 2001. Effects of social-psychological factors on creative performance: The role of informational and controlling expected evaluation and modeling experience. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 84(1): 122.
Shalley C. E., Zhou J., & Oldham G. R. 2004. The effects of personal and contextual characteristics on creativity: Where should we go from here? Journal of Management, 30(6): 933958.
Shin S., & Zhou J. 2003. Transformational leadership, conservation, and creativity: Evidence from Korea. Academy of Management Journal, 46(6): 703714.
Shin S., & Zhou J. 2007. When is educational specialization heterogeneity related to creativity in research and development teams? Transformational leadership as a moderator. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92(6): 17091721.
Simonton D. K. 1975. Sociocultural context of individual creativity: A transhistorical time-series analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 32: 11191133.
Simonton D. K. 1984. Genius, creativity, and leadership: Historiometric inquiries. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Simonton D. K. 1999. Creativity as blind variation and selective retention: Is the creative process Darwinian? Psychological Inquiry, 10: 309328.
Stahl M. J., & Koser M. C. 1978. Weighted productivity in R & D: Some associated individual and organizational variables. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 25, 2024.
Szymanski K., & Harkins S. G. 1992. Self-evaluation and creativity. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 18: 259265.
Tierney P., & Farmer S. M. 2002. Creative self-efficacy: Potential antecedents and relationship to creative performance. Academy of Management Journal, 45(6): 11371148.
Tierney P., & Farmer S. M. 2004. The Pygmalion process and employee creativity. Journal of Management, 30(3): 413432.
Tierney P., Farmer S. M., & Graen G. B. 1999. An examination of leadership and employee creativity: The relevance of traits and relationships. Personnel Psychology, 52: 591620.
Torrance E. P. 1974. Torrance tests of creative thinking: Directions manual and scoring guide. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Van Dyne L., Jehn K. A., & Cummings A. 2002. Differential effects of strain on two forms of work performance: Individual employee sales and creativity. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23: 5774.
Ward T. B. 1994. Structured imagination: The role of category structure in exemplar generation. Cognitive Psychology, 27: 140.
Woodman R. W., Sawyer J. E., & Griffin R. W. 1993. Toward a theory of organizational creativity. Academy of Management Review, 18(2): 293321.
Wu C., McMullen J. S., Neubert M. J., & Yi X. 2008. The influence of leader regulatory focus on employee creativity. Journal of Business Venturing, 23(5): 587602.
Xiao Z., & Tsui A. S. 2007. When brokers may not work: The cultural contingency of social capital in Chinese high-tech firms. Administrative Science Quarterly, 52(1): 131.
Yuan F., & Zhou J. 2008. Differential effects of expected external evaluation on different parts of the creative idea production process and on final product creativity. Creativity Research Journal, 20(4): 391403.
Zha P., Walczyk J. J., Griffith-Ross D. A., Tobacyk J. J., & Walczyk D. F. 2006. The impact of culture and individualism-collectivism on the creative potential and achievement of American and Chinese adults. Creativity Research Journal, 18(3): 355366.
Zhang X., & Bartol K. 2010. Linking empowering leadership and employee creativity: The influence of psychological empowerment, intrinsic motivation, and creative process engagement. Academy of Management Journal, 53: 107128.
Zhou J. 1998. Feedback valence, feedback style, task autonomy, and achievement orientation: Interactive effects on creative performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 83(2): 261276.
Zhou J. 2003. When the presence of creative coworkers is related to creativity: Role of supervisor close monitoring, developmental feedback, and creative personality. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(3): 413422.
Zhou J. 2008. Promoting creativity through feedback. In Zhou J. & Shalley C. E. (Eds.), Handbook of organizational creativity: 125145. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Zhou J., & George J. M. 2001. When job dissatisfaction leads to creativity: Encouraging the expression of voice. Academy of Management Journal, 44(4): 682696.
Zhou J., & Oldham G. R. 2001. Enhancing creative performance: Effects of expected developmental assessment strategies and creative personality. Journal of Creative Behavior, 35(3): 151167.
Zhou J., & Shalley C. E. 2003. Research on employee creativity: A critical review and directions for future research. In Martocchio J. (Ed.), Research in personnel and human resource management: 165217. Oxford, England: Elsevier.
Zhou J., & Shalley C. E. (Eds.). 2008a. Handbook of organizational creativity. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Zhou J., & Shalley C. E. 2008b. Expanding the scope and impact of organizational creativity research. In Zhou J. & Shalley C. E. (Eds.), Handbook of organizational creativity: 347368. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Zhou J., & Shalley C. E. 2010. Deepening our understanding of creativity in the workplace. In Zedeck S., Aguinis H., Cascio W., Gelfand M., Leung K., Parker S. & Zhou J. (Eds.), APA handbook of industrial-organizational psychology (vol. 1): 275302. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Zhou J., Shin S. J., Brass D. J., Choi J., & Zhang Z. 2009. Social networks, personal values, and creativity: Evidence for curvilinear and interaction effects. Journal of Applied Psychology, 94(6): 15441552.
Zuckerman H. 1977. Scientific elite: Nobel laureates in the U. S., New York, NY: The Free Press.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Management and Organization Review
  • ISSN: 1740-8776
  • EISSN: 1740-8784
  • URL: /core/journals/management-and-organization-review
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 59 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 219 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 18th January 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.