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A Process Model of Dynamic Capability Development: Evidence from the Chinese Manufacturing Sector

  • Jing Zeng (a1), Colin Simpson (a2) and Binh-Le Dang (a3)
Abstract
ABSTRACT

Based on longitudinal case studies of manufacturing strategy and implementation at two Chinese manufacturing firms, this paper investigates how these firms develop, manage, and deploy dynamic capabilities to renew their resource bases in order to respond to the operational challenges associated with radical technological development. Our analysis suggests that dynamic capability development is not simply about renewing one specific type of capability, but rather, it is a meta-capability to learn how to repeatedly renew the firm's overall capability set as a fully integrated package. We further highlight the importance of looking beyond the property of the firm to understand the network level of capability development, including the capabilities of the firm's partners. This is particularly salient in the context of smart manufacturing where a high level of connectivity among a broader network of partners is required to reap the benefits generated by new technological advances. Our findings provide an important contribution to our knowledge of dynamic capability development in emerging economies in the era of digitalized manufacturing.

摘要:

基于对两家中国制造型企业的制造战略及实施的纵向案例研究, 本文探讨这些企业如何开发、管理和部署动态能力来更新它们的资源基础, 以应对与重大技术发展相关的业务挑战。我们的分析表明, 动态能力开发并非仅仅是更新一个特定类型的能力, 而是设定为全集成包的如何反复更新企业整体能力的一种元能力。我们进而强调超越企业特性的重要性, 以理解能力开发的网络水平, 包括该公司合作伙伴的能力。这在智能制造的情境下尤为突出, 那里需要合作伙伴更广网络之间高水平的连接, 以收获由新技术进步产生的效益。我们的研究结果对我们的数字化制造时代新兴经济体动态能力开发的知识做出了重要贡献。

चीनी विनिर्माण क्षेत्र की दो फर्मों के दीर्घकालीन वृत्त अध्ययनों के आधार पर यह शोध यह अनुसंधान करता है की किस प्रकार यह फर्म अमूल तकनीकी विकास जनित परिचालन सम्बन्धी चुनौतियों का सामना करने हेतु अपने संसाधन आधार का नवीकरण कारण के लिए गतिशील सामर्थ्य का विकास, प्रबंधन व प्रयोग करती हैं. हमारा शोध यह दिखता है की गतिशील सामर्थ्य निर्माण मात्र नीयत क्षमता का नवीनीकरण नहीं है, वरन यह संगठनीय सामर्थ्य के नित्य एवं एकीकृत विकास को सुलभ करने वाली व्यापक क्षमता है. इसी के साथ हम फर्म की संपत्ति से परे उसके संजालों से जनित सामर्थ्य को समझने का (जिसमें सहभागी इकाइयों का सामर्थ्य भी शामिल है) महत्व दर्शाते हैं. यह स्मार्ट विनिर्माण के सन्दर्भ में-जहाँ नवीन तकनीकी विकास का लाभ लेने के लिए सभी सामान्य संजालों के प्रतिभागियों में संयोजन आवश्यक है-महत्वपूर्ण है. हमारे शोध परिणाम अंकीय विनिर्माण युग में उदीयमान अर्थव्यवस्थाओं में गतिशील सामर्थ्य के विकास को समझने में महत्त्वपूर्ण योगदान करते हैं.

Sumário:

Com base em estudos de caso longitudinais de estratégia e implementação de manufatura em duas empresas de manufatura chinesas, este trabalho investiga como essas empresas se desenvolvem, gerenciam e implantam capacidades dinâmicas para renovar suas bases de recursos para responder aos desafios operacionais associados ao desenvolvimento tecnológico radical. Nossa análise sugere que o desenvolvimento da capacidade dinâmica não é simplesmente sobre a renovação de um tipo específico de capacidade, mas é uma meta-capacidade para aprender a renovar repetidamente o conjunto de capacidades da empresa como um pacote totalmente integrado. Destacamos ainda mais a importância de olhar para além da propriedade da empresa para entender o nível de rede do desenvolvimento de capacidades, incluindo as capacidades dos parceiros da empresa. Isto é particularmente saliente no contexto da fabricação inteligente, onde é necessário um alto nível de conectividade entre uma rede mais ampla de parceiros para apropriar os benefícios gerados pelos novos avanços tecnológicos. Nossas descobertas fornecem uma importante contribuição para o nosso conhecimento sobre o desenvolvimento de capacidades dinâmicas nas economias emergentes na era da fabricação digitalizada.

АННОТАЦИЯ:

На основании продолжительного исследования производственной стратегии и ее реализации в двух китайских промышленных компаниях, данная работа посвящена тому, как эти компании развивают, управляют и применяют свои динамические способности для обновления ресурсных баз с той целью, чтобы реагировать на оперативные проблемы, которые возникают в связи с радикальными технологическими изменениями. Наш анализ показывает, что развитие динамических способностей связано не только с обновлением одного конкретного типа способностей, но это, скорее, мета-способность, которая заключается в умении многократно обновлять совокупные способности компании, которые существуют как единое интегрированное целое. Более того, мы особо подчеркиваем важность выхода за пределы собственной компании, чтобы понять сетевой уровень развития способностей, в том числе способности партнеров фирмы. Это имеет особое значение в контексте умного производства, где требуется высокий уровень взаимодействия в пределах более широкой сети партнеров, чтобы воспользоваться преимуществами новых технологических достижений. Наши выводы делают важный вклад в теоретические знания о развитии динамических способностей в развивающихся странах в эпоху цифрового производства.

RESUMEN:

Con base en estudios de caso longitudinal de estrategia manufacturera e implementación en dos empresas chinas manufactureras, este artículo investiga cómo estas empresas desarrollan, administran y despliegan capacidades dinámicas para renovar sus bases de recursos para responder a los retos operacionales asociados con desarrollo tecnológico radical. Nuestro análisis sugiere que el desarrollo de las capacidades dinámicas no es simplemente renovar un tipo específico de capacidad, sino que es una meta-capacidad para aprender como repetidamente renovar la capacidad general de la empresa como un paquete integrado. Destacamos además la importancia de buscar más allá de la propiedad de la empresa para entender el nivel de red de desarrollo de capacidades, incluyendo las capacidades de los socios de empresa. Esto es principalmente importante en el contexto de manufactura inteligente donde un alto nivel de conectividad entre una red más amplia de socios es necesario para recoger beneficios generados de los nuevos avances tecnológicos. Nuestros hallazgos proporcionan una importante contribución a nuestro conocimiento de las capacidades dinámicas en las economías emergentes en la era de manufactura digitalizada.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Corresponding author: Jing Zeng (Maggie_z@hotmail.co.uk)
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