Skip to main content
×
Home

Technological Innovation Research in China and India: A Bibliometric Analysis for the Period 1991–2015

  • Debabrata Chatterjee (a1) and Sreevas Sahasranamam (a2)
Abstract
ABSTRACT

Although a substantial literature on the management of technological innovation exists, several scholars argue that much of this research has been rooted in Western contexts, where key assumptions are very different from those in emerging economies. Building on this viewpoint, we investigate the current state of knowledge on technological innovation in two of the largest and fastest growing emerging economies: China and India. We undertook a bibliometric analysis of author keywords and combined different quantitative approaches – frequency analysis, cluster analysis, and co-word analysis – to review 162 articles on technological innovation published about China and India for the period 1991–2015. From the analyses, the trends in technological innovation research in the two countries and the dominant themes of discussion were identified. These themes were further classified into eight sub-themes. Our key findings indicate a near absence of research on the management of technological innovation based on India, limited volume of research on indigenous aspects of innovation, and a lack of theory-building based on these countries’ contexts. Several suggestions for future research are offered based on the gaps identified.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Corresponding author: Sreevas Sahasranamam (mailsreevas@gmail.com)
References
Hide All
Acs Z., & Szerb L. 2007. Entrepreneurship, economic growth and public policy. Small Business Economics, 28 (2): 109122.
Agrawal A. K. 2001. University-to-industry knowledge transfer: Literature review and unanswered questions. International Journal of Management Reviews, 3 (4): 285302.
Agrawal A., & Sahasranamam S. 2016. Corporate social entrepreneurship in India. South Asian Journal of Global Business Research, 5 (2): 214233.
Ahuja G. 2000. Collaboration networks, structural holes, and innovation: A longitudinal study. Administrative Science Quarterly, 45 (3): 425455.
Ahuja G., Lampert C. M., & Tandon V. 2008. Moving beyond Schumpeter: Management research on the determinants of technological innovation. The Academy of Management Annals, 2 (1): 198.
Anadón L. D. 2012. Missions-oriented R&D institutions in energy between 2000 and 2010: A comparative analysis of China, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Research Policy, 41 (10): 17421756.
Angeli F., & Grimaldi R. 2010. Leveraging offshoring: The identification of new business opportunities in international settings. Industry & Innovation, 17 (4): 393413.
Arora A., & Gambardella A. 1990. Complementarity and external linkages–The strategies of the large firms in biotechnology. Journal of Industrial Economics, 38 (4): 361379.
Ashwin A. S., Krishnan R. T., & George R. 2015. Family firms in India: Family involvement, innovation and agency and stewardship behaviors. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 32 (4): 869900.
Audretsch D. B., Bönte W., & Tamvada J. P. 2013. Religion, social class, and entrepreneurial choice. Journal of Business Venturing, 28 (6): 774789.
Augier M., Guo J., & Rowen H. 2016. The Needham Puzzle reconsidered: Organizations, organizing, and innovation in China. Management and Organization Review, 12 (1): 524.
Bardhan A., & Kroll C. 2006. Competitiveness and an emerging sector: The Russian software industry and its global linkages. Industry and Innovation, 13 (1): 6995.
Basalla G. 1967. The spread of Western science. Science, 156 (3775): 611622.
Baum J. R., Locke E. A., & Smith K. G. 2001. A multidimensional model of venture growth. Academy of Management Journal, 44 (2): 292303.
Becheikh N., Landry R., & Amara N. 2006. Lessons from innovation empirical studies in the manufacturing sector: A systematic review of the literature from 1993–2003. Technovation, 26 (5): 644664.
Bertrand O., & Mol M. J. 2013. The antecedents and innovation effects of domestic and offshore R&D outsourcing: The contingent impact of cognitive distance and absorptive capacity. Strategic Management Journal, 34 (6): 751760.
Bhagavatula S., Elfring T., van Tilburg A., & van de Bunt G. G. 2010. How social and human capital influence opportunity recognition and resource mobilization in India's handloom industry. Journal of Business Venturing, 25 (3): 245260.
Bhave M. 1994. A process model of entrepreneurial creation. Journal of Business Venturing, 9 (3): 223242.
Bouet D. 2015. A study of intellectual property protection policies and innovation in the Indian pharmaceutical industry and beyond. Technovation, 38: 3141.
Bramwell A., & Wolfe D. A. 2008. Universities and regional economic development: The entrepreneurial University of Waterloo. Research Policy, 37 (8): 11751187.
Brem A., & Freitag F. 2015. Internationalisation of new product development and research & development: Results from a multiple case study on companies with innovation processes in Germany and India. International Journal of Innovation Management, 19 (1): 1550010.
Briggs J. 2005. The use of indigenous knowledge in development: problems and challenges. Progress in Development Studies, 5: 99114.
Brown S. L., & Eisenhardt K. M. 1995. Product development: Past research, present findings, and future directions. The Academy of Management Review, 20 (2): 343378.
Bryson J., & Monnoyer M. 2004. Understanding the relationship between services and innovation: The RESER review of the European service literature on innovation, 2002. Service Industries Journal, 24 (1): 205222.
Burgelman R. 1983. A process model of internal corporate venturing in the diversified major firm. Administrative Science Quarterly, 28 (2): 223244.
Caldera A., & Debande O. 2010. Performance of Spanish universities in technology transfer: An empirical analysis. Research Policy, 39 (9): 11601173.
Cao C. 2004. China's scientific elite. London: Routledge.
Cao C., Simon D. F., & Suttmeier R. P. 2009. Commentary – China's innovation challenge. Innovation: Management, Policy & Practice, 11 (2): 253259.
Chadha A., & Oriani R. 2010. R&D market value under weak intellectual property rights protection: The case of India. Scientometrics, 82 (1): 5974.
Chakraborty C., & Basu P. 2002. Foreign direct investment and growth in India: A cointegration approach. Applied Economics, 34 (9): 10611073.
Chaminade C., Castellani D., & Plechero M. 2014. The emergence of China and India as new innovation power houses – Threat or opportunity. Stockholm: Entreprenörskapforum.
Chan-Serafin S., Brief A. P., & George J. M. 2013. Perspective–How does religion matter and why? Religion and the organizational sciences. Organization Science, 24 (5): 15851600.
Chang P.-L., & Shih H.-Y. 2004. The innovation systems of Taiwan and China: A comparative analysis. Technovation, 24 (7): 529539.
Chang Y.-C., Yang P. Y., & Chen M.-H. 2009. The determinants of academic research commercial performance: Towards an organizational ambidexterity perspective. Research Policy, 38 (6): 936946.
Chatterjee D., & Sahasranamam S. 2014. Trends in innovation management research in India – An analysis of publications for the period 1991–2013. Current Science, 107 (11): 18001805.
Chatterjee D., & Sankaran B. 2015. Commercializing academic research in emerging economies: Do organizational identities matter? Science and Public Policy, 42 (5): 599613.
Chaturvedi S., Kalam A. P. J. A., Ladikas M., Lifeng G., & Srinivas K. R. 2014. The living tree: Traditional medicine and public health in China and India. New Delhi: Academic Foundation.
Chen R. X. 1996. Technological expansion: The interaction between diversification strategy and organizational capability. Journal of Management Studies, 33 (5): 649666.
Chen X., & Reger G. 2006. The role of technology in the investment of German firms in China. Technovation, 26 (3): 407415.
Chesbrough H., Vanhaverbeke W., & West J. 2006. Open innovation: Researching a new paradigm. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Chittoor R., & Ray S. 2007. Internationalization paths of Indian pharmaceutical firms–A strategic group analysis. Journal of International Management, 13 (3): 338355.
Chittoor R., Ray S., Aulakh P. S., & Sarkar M. B. 2008. Strategic responses to institutional changes: ‘Indigenous growth’ model of the Indian pharmaceutical industry. Journal of International Management, 14 (3): 252269.
Chittoor R., Sarkar M. B., Ray S., & Aulakh P. S. 2009. Third-world copycats to emerging multinationals: Institutional changes and organizational transformation in the Indian pharmaceutical industry. Organization Science, 20 (1): 187205.
Choi S. B., Lee S. H., & Williams C. 2011. Ownership and firm innovation in a transition economy: Evidence from China. Research Policy, 40 (3): 441452.
Chung S. 2002. Building a national innovation system through regional innovation systems. Technovation, 22 (8): 485491.
Cohen W. M., & Levin R. C. 1989. Empirical studies of innovation and market structure. In Schmalensee R. & Willig R. (Eds.), Handbook of Industrial Organization: 10591107. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Cohen W. M., & Levinthal D. A. 1990. Absorptive capacity: A new perspective on learning and innovation. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35 (1): 128152.
Cooke P. 2002. Regional innovation systems. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 27 (1): 133145.
Cornell University, INSEAD, & WIPO. 2016. The Global Innovation Index 2016: Winning with global inovation. Fontainebleau, Ithaca, and Geneva.
Coulter N., Monarch I., & Konda S. 1998. Software engineering as seen through its research literature: A study in co-word analysis. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 49: 12061223.
Datta P. B., & Gailey R. 2012. Empowering women through social entrepreneurship: Case study of a women's cooperative in India. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 36 (3): 569587.
Davidsson P., & Honig B. 2003. The role of social and human capital among nascent entrepreneurs. Journal of Business Venturing, 18 (3): 301331.
Davidsson P., & Wiklund J. 2001. Levels of analysis in entrepreneurship research: Current research practice and suggestions for the future. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 25 (4): 81100.
De Clercq D., Danis W. M., & Dakhli M. 2010. The moderating effect of institutional context on the relationship between associational activity and new business activity in emerging economies. International Business Review, 19 (1): 85101.
De Meyer A. 2001. Technology transfer into China: European Management Journal, 19 (2): 140144.
Deng Z., Hofman P. S., & Newman A. 2012. Ownership concentration and product innovation in Chinese private SMEs. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 30 (3): 717734.
Dhandapani K., Upadhyayula R., & Karna A. 2015. Why do firms locate across multiple clusters? Cluster density, capabilities and ethnic ties. Industry and Innovation, 22 (4): 251272.
Di Minin A., Zhang J., & Gammeltoft P. 2012. Chinese foreign direct investment in R&D in Europe: A new model of R&D internationalization? European Management Journal, 30 (3): 189203.
Dosi G., Marengo L., & Pasquali C. 2006. How much should society fuel the greed of innovators? On the relations between appropriability, opportunities and rates of innovation. Research Policy, 35 (8): 11101121.
Doutriaux J. 2003. University-industry linkages and the development of knowledge clusters in Canada. Local Economy, 18 (1): 6379.
Drori G. S., Jang S. Y., & Meyer J. W. 2006. Sources of rationalized governance: Cross-national longitudinal analyses 1985–2002. Administrative Science Quarterly, 51 (2): 205229.
Du X. 2013. Does religion matter to owner-manager agency costs? Evidence from China. Journal of Business Ethics, 118 (2): 319347.
Du X., Jian W., Zeng Q., & Du Y. 2014. Corporate environmental responsibility in polluting industries: Does religion matter? Journal of Business Ethics, 124 (3): 485507.
Duda R. O., Hart P. E., & Stork D. G. 2001. Pattern classification and scene analysis (2nd ed.). New York: Wiley.
Ernst H., Kahle H. N., Dubiel A., Prabhu J., & Subramaniam M. 2015. The antecedents and consequences of affordable value innovations for emerging markets. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 32 (1): 6579.
Etkin N. L., & Elisabetsky E. 2005. Seeking a transdisciplinary and culturally germane science: The future of ethnopharmacology. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 100 (1–2): 2326.
Etzkowitz H. 2011. Normative change in science and the birth of the Triple Helix. Social Science Information, 50 (3–4): 549568.
Etzkowitz H., & Leydesdorff L. 2000. The dynamics of innovation: From national systems and ‘Mode 2’ to a Triple Helix of university–industry–government relations. Research Policy, 29 (2): 109123.
Etzkowitz H., Webster A., Gebhardt C., & Terra B. R. C. 2000. The future of the university and the university of the future: Evolution of ivory tower to entrepreneurial paradigm. Research Policy, 29 (2): 313330.
Feinberg S., & Majumdar S. 2001. Technology spillovers from foreign direct investment in the Indian pharmaceutical industry. Journal of International Business Studies, 32 (3): 421437.
Ferner A., & Quintanilla J. 1998. Multinationals, national business systems and HRM: The enduring influence of national identity or a process of ‘Anglo-Saxonization’. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 9 (4): 710731.
Fisch C., Block J., & Sandner P. 2016. Chinese university patents: quantity, quality, and the role of subsidy programs. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 41 (1): 6084.
Fleming L. 2001. Recombinant uncertainty in technological search. Management Science, 47 (1): 117132.
Fleming L., & Sorenson O. 2004. Science as a map in technological search. Strategic Management Journal, 25: 909928.
Franke N., & Shah S. 2003. How communities support innovative activities: An exploration of assistance and sharing among end-users. Research Policy, 32 (1): 157178.
Frenkel M. 2008. The multinational corporation as a third space: Rethinking international management discourse on knowledge transfer through Homi Bhabha. Academy of Management Review, 33 (4): 924942.
Fuller S. 1999. Governance of science: Ideology and the future of the open society. United Kingdom: McGraw-Hill Education.
Furrer O., Thomas H., & Goussevskaia A. 2008. The structure and evolution of the strategic management field: A content analysis of 26 years of strategic management research. International Journal of Management Reviews, 10 (1): 123.
Galindo M. Á., & Méndez-Picazo M. T. 2013. Innovation, entrepreneurship and economic growth. Management Decision, 51 (3): 501514.
Galindo M. Á., & Méndez M. T. 2014. Entrepreneurship, economic growth, and innovation: Are feedback effects at work? Journal of Business Research, 67 (5): 825829.
Gatignon H., Tushman M. L., Smith W., & Anderson P. 2002. A structural approach to assessing innovation: Construct development of innovation locus, type, and characteristics. Management Science, 48 (9): 11031122.
George G., McGahan A. M., & Prabhu J. 2012. Innovation for inclusive growth: Towards a theoretical framework and a research agenda. Journal of Management Studies, 49 (4): 661683.
Godinho M. M., & Ferreira V. 2012. Analyzing the evidence of an IPR take-off in China and India. Research Policy, 41 (3): 499511.
Goldfarb B., & Henrekson M. 2003. Bottom-up versus top-down policies towards the commercialization of university intellectual property. Research Policy, 32 (4): 639658.
Govindarajan V. 2012. A reverse-innovation playbook. Harvard Business Review, 90 (4): 120124.
Goxe F. 2012. Innovation with ‘Chinese’ characteristics? Reflecting on the implications of an ethnic-based paradigm of management and innovation. Prometheus, 30 (2): 155168.
Grant R. 1996. Toward a knowledge-based theory of the firm. Strategic Management Journal, 17: 109122.
Green D., & Raygorodetsky G. 2010. Indigenous knowledge of a changing climate. Climatic Change, 100 (2): 239242.
Gross C. 2013. The growth of China's technology transfer industry over the next decade: Implications for global markets. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 38 (5): 716747.
Gu S. 2009. The emergence and development of the vegetable sector in China. Industry & Innovation, 16 (4–5): 499524.
Guan J. C., Yam R. C. M., Tang E. P. Y., & Lau A. K. W. 2009. Innovation strategy and performance during economic transition: Evidences in Beijing, China. Research Policy, 38 (5): 802812.
Guennif S., & Ramani S. V. 2012. Explaining divergence in catching-up in pharma between India and Brazil using the NSI framework. Research Policy, 41 (2): 430441.
Guo C., & Miller J. K. 2010. Guanxi dynamics and entrepreneurial firm creation and development in China. Management and Organization Review, 6 (2): 267291.
Hambrick D. C., Cho T. S., & Chen M. J. 1996. The influence of top management team heterogeneity on firms’ competitive moves. Administrative Science Quarterly, 41 (4): 659684.
Hambrick D. C., & Mason P. A. 1984. Upper echelons – The organization as a reflection of its top managers. Academy of Management Review, 9 (2): 193206.
Hansen M. 1999. The search-transfer problem: The role of weak ties in sharing knowledge across organization subunits. Administrative Science Quarterly, 44 (1): 82111.
Hansen S. A., & VanFleet J. W. 2003. Traditional knowledge and intellectual property: A handbook on issues and options for traditional knowledge holders in protecting their intellectual property and maintaining biological diversity. Washington DC: American Association for the Advancement of Science.
He Y., Ding X., & Yang K. 2014. Unpacking the relationships between conflicts and team innovation: Empirical evidence from China. Management Decision, 52 (8): 15331548.
Heilmann S. 2016. April 24. Here's how China is building the car of the future. Fortune .
Hempel P. S., & Sue-Chan C. 2010. Culture and the assessment of creativity. Management and Organization Review, 6 (3): 415435.
Hendry C., & Brown J. 2006. Organizational networking in UK biotechnology clusters. British Journal of Management, 17 (1): 5573.
Hessels J., & van Stel A. 2011. Entrepreneurship, export orientation, and economic growth. Small Business Economics, 37 (2): 255268.
Hitt M. A., Hoskisson R. E., & Kim H. 1997. International diversification: Effects on innovation and firm performance in product-diversified firms. Academy of Management Journal, 40 (4): 767798.
Hoffman K., Parejo M., Bessant J., & Perren L. 1998. Small firms, R&D, technology and innovation in the UK: A literature review. Technovation, 18 (1): 3955.
Hsu P.-H., Wang C., & Wu C. 2013. Banking systems, innovations, intellectual property protections, and financial markets: Evidence from China. Journal of Business Research, 66 (12): 23902396.
Hu A. G. 2010. Propensity to patent, competition and China's foreign patenting surge. Research Policy, 39 (7): 985993.
Huang Y., Audretsch D. B., & Hewitt M. 2012. Chinese technology transfer policy: The case of the national independent innovation demonstration zone of East Lake. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 38 (6): 828835.
Huggins R. 2008. The evolution of knowledge clusters: Progress and policy. Economic Development Quarterly, 22 (4): 277289.
Hutton R. 2013. Jewels in the crown: How Tata of India transformed Britain's Jaguar and Land Rover (1st ed.). London: Elliott & Thompson.
IANS. 2015. January 23. India is a world leader in space technology. Firstpost .
Immelt J. R., Govindarajan V., & Trimble C. 2009. How GE is disrupting itself. Harvard Business Review, 87 (10): 5665.
Indian National Science Academy. 2001. Atomic energy in India. Pursuit and Promotion of Science: The Indian Experience: 294303. New Delhi: Indian National Science Academy.
Intellicap. 2012. On the path to sustainability and scale: A study of India's social enterprise landscape. Mumbai.
Iturriaga F. L., & Cruz N. M. 2008. Antecedents of corporate spin-offs in Spain: A resource-based approach. Research Policy, 37 (6): 10471056.
Jeppesen L. B., & Frederiksen L. 2006. Why do users contribute to firm-hosted user communities? The case of computer-controlled music instruments. Organization Science, 17 (1): 4563.
Jiang L. (Alice), Waller D. S., & Cai S. 2013. Does ownership type matter for innovation? Evidence from China. Journal of Business Research, 66 (12): 24732478.
Kafouros M., Wang C., Piperopoulos P., & Zhang M. 2015. Academic collaborations and firm innovation performance in China: The role of region-specific institutions. Research Policy, 44 (3): 803817.
Keillor B. D., & Hult G. T. M. 1999. A five-country study of national identity: Implications for international marketing research and practice. International Marketing Review, 16 (1): 6584.
Kenney M., & Von Burg U. 1999. Technology, entrepreneurship and path dependence: Industrial clustering in Silicon Valley and Route 128. Industrial and Corporate Change, 8 (1): 67103.
Keupp M. M., Palmié M., & Gassmann O. 2012. The strategic management of innovation: A systematic review and paths for future research. International Journal of Management Reviews, 14 (4): 367390.
Khanna T., & Palepu K. G. 2000. Is group affiliation profitable in emerging markets? An analysis of diversified Indian business groups. The Journal of Finance, 55 (2): 867891.
Khanna T., & Palepu K. G. 2006. Emerging giants: Building world-class companies in developing countries. Harvard Business Review, 84 (10).
Kipping M., Engwall L., & Üsdiken B. 2008. Preface: The transfer of management knowledge to peripheral countries. International Studies of Management & Organization, 38 (4): 316.
Kogut B. 1988. Joint ventures: Theoretical and empirical perspectives. Strategic Management Journal, 9: 319332.
Kristinsson K., & Rao R. 2008. Interactive learning or technology transfer as a way to catch up? Analysing the wind energy industry in Denmark and India. Industry and Innovation, 15 (3): 297320.
Kriz A. 2010. The challenge to rekindle China's innovative spirit. Management Decision, 48 (4): 541561.
Kroll H., & Liefner I. 2008. Spin-off enterprises as a means of technology commercialisation in a transforming economy – Evidence from three universities in China. Technovation, 28 (5): 298313.
Kumar N. 2003. Intellectual property rights, technology and economic development: Experiences of Asian countries. Economic and Political Weekly, 38 (3): 209226.
Kumar N., & Aggarwal A. 2005. Liberalization, outward orientation and in-house R&D activity of multinational and local firms: A quantitative exploration for Indian manufacturing. Research Policy, 34 (4): 441460.
Kumar N., & Puranam P. 2012. India inside: The emerging innovation challenge to the West. Harvard Business Press.
Kumar R. S., & Subrahmanya M. B. 2010. Influence of subcontracting on innovation and economic performance of SMEs in Indian automobile industry. Technovation, 30 (11–12): 558569.
Lai W.-H., & Chang P.-L. 2010. Corporate motivation and performance in R&D alliances. Journal of Business Research, 63 (5): 490496.
Lam A. 2000. Tacit knowledge, organizational learning and innovation: A societal perspective. Organization Studies, 21: 487513.
Lam A. 2010. From ‘Ivory Tower Traditionalists’ to ‘Entrepreneurial Scientists’?: Academic scientists in fuzzy university-industry boundaries. Social Studies of Science, 40 (2): 307340.
Lamin A., & Livanis G. 2013. Agglomeration, catch-up and the liability of foreignness in emerging economies. Journal of International Business Studies, 44 (6): 579606.
Lan P., & Young S. 1996. International technology transfer examined at technology component level: A case study in China. Technovation, 16 (6): 277286.
Landes D. 1998. The wealth and poverty of nations: Why some are so rich and some so poor. New York: W.W.Norton.
Lazonick W. 2004. Indigenous innovation and economic development: Lessons from China's leap into the information age. Industry & Innovation, 11 (4): 273297.
Lee K., Jee M., & Eun J.-H. 2011. Assessing China's economic catch-up at the firm level and beyond: Washington Consensus, East Asian Consensus and the Beijing Model. Industry & Innovation, 18 (5): 487507.
Lerner J., & Tirole J. 2002. Some simple economics of open source. Journal of Industrial Economics, 50 (2): 197234.
Leung R. C. 2013. Networks as sponges: International collaboration for developing nanomedicine in China. Research Policy, 42 (1): 211219.
Leydesdorff L. 1989. Words and co-words as indicators of intellectual organization. Research Policy, 18: 209223.
Leydesdorff L., & Etzkowitz H. 1996. Emergence of a Triple Helix of university–industry–government relations. Science and Public Policy, 23 (5): 279286.
Li F., Miao Y., & Yang C. 2015. How do alumni faculty behave in research collaboration? An analysis of Chang Jiang Scholars in China. Research Policy, 44 (2): 438450.
Li J., Sutherland D., Ning L., & Wang Y. 2014. Firm ownership, industrial structure, and regional innovation performance in China's provinces. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 26 (9): 10011022.
Li J., & Xie Z. 2011. Global R&D strategies in an emerging economy: The development and protection of technological competencies. European Management Review, 8 (3): 153164.
Liang Q., Li X., Yang X., Lin D., & Zheng D. 2012. How does family involvement affect innovation in China? Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 30 (3): 677695.
Liefner I., & Schiller D. 2008. Academic capabilities in developing countries – A conceptual framework with empirical illustrations from Thailand. Research Policy, 37 (2): 276293.
Lim C., Han S., & Ito H. 2013. Capability building through innovation for unserved lower end mega markets. Technovation, 33 (12): 391404.
Lin J. 2013. Why are Chinese partners passive innovators? National culture, organisation processes and innovation propensity in cross-border alliances. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, 17 (4/5/6): 271283.
Liu F., Simon D. F., Sun Y., & Cao C. 2011. China's innovation policies: Evolution, institutional structure, and trajectory. Research Policy, 40 (7): 917931.
Liu M., & Chen S.-H. 2012. MNCs’ offshore R&D networks in host country's regional innovation system: The case of Taiwan-based firms in China. Research Policy, 41 (6): 11071120.
Liu X., & Wu X. 2011. Technology embeddedness, innovation differentiation strategies and firm performance: Evidence from Chinese manufacturing firms. Innovation: Management, Policy and Practice, 13 (1): 2035.
Liu Y., Woywode M., & Xing Y. 2012. High technology start-up innovation and the role of guanxi: An explorative study in China from an institutional perspective. Prometheus, 30 (2): 211229.
Luk C. L., Yau O. H., Sin L. Y., Alan C. B., Chow R. P., & Lee J. S. 2008. The effects of social capital and organizational innovativeness in different institutional contexts. Journal of International Business Studies, 39 (4): 589612.
Lundvall B. 1999. National business systems and national systems of innovation. International Studies of Management & Organization, 29 (2): 6077.
Madanmohan T., Kumar U., & Kumar V. 2004. Import-led technological capability: A comparative analysis of Indian and Indonesian manufacturing firms. Technovation, 24 (12): 979993.
Mair J., & Marti I. 2009. Entrepreneurship in and around institutional voids: A case study from Bangladesh. Journal of Business Venturing, 24 (5): 419435.
Mair J., Martí I., & Ventresca M. J. 2012. Building inclusive markets in rural Bangladesh: How intermediaries work institutional voids. Academy of Management Journal, 55 (4): 819850.
McEachern W. A., & Romeo A. A. 1978. Stockholder control, uncertainty and allocation of resources to research and development. Journal of Industrial Economics, 26 (4): 349361.
McMahon D., & Thorsteinsdóttir H. 2013. Pursuing endogenous high-tech innovation in developing countries: A look at regenerative medicine innovation in Brazil, China and India. Research Policy, 42 (4): 965974.
Mehta A., Herron P., Motoyama Y., & Appelbaum R. 2012. Globalization and de-globalization in nanotechnology research: The role of China. Scientometrics, 93 (2): 439458.
Midgley D. F., Morrison P. D., & Roberts J. H. 1992. The effect of network structure in industrial diffusion-processes. Research Policy, 21 (6): 533552.
Miller C. R., Richard B., & Arora S. 2011. Alternate signs of life: The growth of biotechnology industries in Shanghai and Bangalore. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 78 (4): 565574.
Miller T. L., Grimes M. G., Mcmullen J. S., & Vogus T. J. 2012. Venturing for others with heart and head: How compassion encourages social entrepreneurship. Academy of Management Review, 37 (4): 616640.
Milligan G. W., & Cooper M. C. 1985. An examination of procedures for determining the number of clusters in a dataset. Psychometrika, 50: 159179.
Mohan V. 2015. June 25. Greenhouse gases: India fourth biggest emitter, but lags far behind top three. The Times of India .
Monsen E., Mahagaonkar P., & Dienes C. 2012. Entrepreneurship in India: The question of occupational transition. Small Business Economics, 39 (2): 359382.
Morandi V. 2013. The management of industry–university joint research projects: How do partners coordinate and control R&D activities? The Journal of Technology Transfer, 38 (2): 6992.
Morris M. H., Kuratko D. F., & Covin J. G. 2010. Corporate entrepreneurship & innovation. Boston: Cengage Learning.
Motohashi K., & Yuan Y. 2010. Productivity impact of technology spillover from multinationals to local firms: Comparing China's automobile and electronics industries. Research Policy, 39 (6): 790798.
Mouly V., & Sankaran J. 1999. R&D funding in India: An empirical study. Prometheus, 17 (1): 2131.
Mowery D. C. 1998. The changing structure of the US national innovation system: Implications for international conflict and cooperation in R&D policy. Research Policy, 27 (6): 639654.
Mu Q., & Lee K. 2005. Knowledge diffusion, market segmentation and technological catch-up: The case of the telecommunication industry in China. Research Policy, 34 (6): 759783.
Mytelka L. K. 2006. Pathways and policies to (bio) pharmaceutical innovation systems in developing countries. Industry & Innovation, 13 (4): 415435.
Nag R., Hambrick D., & Chen M. 2007. What is strategic management, really? Inductive derivation of a consensus definition of the field. Strategic Management Journal, 28 (9): 935955.
Nahapiet J., & Ghoshal S. 1998. Social capital, intellectual capital and the organizational advantage. Academy of Management Review, 23 (2): 242266.
Nair A., Guldiken O., Fainshmidt S., & Pezeshkan A. 2015. Innovation in India: A review of past research and future directions. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 32 (4): 925958.
Nakata C., & Weidner K. 2012. Enhancing new product adoption at the base of the pyramid: A contextualized model. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 29 (1): 2132.
Narayanan K., & Bhat S. 2009. Technology sourcing and its determinants: A study of Basic Chemical industry in India. Technovation, 29 (8): 562573.
Narayanan K., & Bhat S. 2011. Technology sourcing and outward FDI: A study of IT industry in India. Technovation, 31 (4): 177184.
Narula R., & Hagedoorn J. 1999. Innovating through strategic alliances: Moving towards international partnerships and contractual agreements. Technovation, 19 (5): 283294.
National Innovation Foundation − India. 2013. India innovates. Ahmedabad.
Nelson R. R. 1993. National innovation systems: A comparative analysis. New York: Oxford University Press.
Nepelski D., & De Prato G. 2014. International technology sourcing between a developing country and the rest of the world. A case study of China. Technovation, 35: 1221.
Nidumolu R., Prahalad C. K., & Rangaswami M. R. 2009. Why sustainability is now the key driver of innovation. Harvard Business Review, 87 (9): 5664.
Niedergassel B., Kanzler S., Alvidrez S., & Leker J. 2011. Cross-cultural perceptions on knowledge sharing in heterogenous collaborations. International Journal of Innovation Management, 15 (3): 563592.
Niedergassel B., & Leker J. 2011. Different dimensions of knowledge in cooperative R&D projects of university scientists. Technovation, 31 (4): 142150.
Panagariya A. 2007. Why India lags behind China and how it can bridge the gap. The World Economy, 30 (2): 229248.
Pandey I. M. 1998. The process of developing venture capital in India. Technovation, 18 (4): 253261.
Parboteeah K. P., Walter S. G., & Block J. H. 2015. When does Christian religion matter for entrepreneurial activity? The contingent effect of a country's investments into knowledge. Journal of Business Ethics, 130 (2): 447465.
Parida V., Wincent J., & Kohtamäki M. 2013. Offshoring and improvisational learning: Empirical insights into developing global R&D capabilities. Industry & Innovation, 20 (6): 544562.
Park S. H., & Luo Y. 2001. Guanxi and organizational dynamics: Organizational networking in Chinese firms. Strategic Management Journal, 22: 455477.
Peters H. P. F., & van Raan A. F. J. 1993. Co-word-based science maps of chemical engineering. Part II: Representations by combined clustering and multidimensional scaling. Research Policy, 22: 4771.
Pisano G. 2006. Profiting from innovation and the intellectual property revolution. Research Policy, 35 (8 SPEC. ISS.): 11221130.
Plechero M., & Chaminade C. 2013. The influence of micro-characteristics in different modes of globalization of innovation: A comparative study of Indian (Pune) and Chinese (Beijing) firms. Industry & Innovation, 20 (7): 661682.
Podolny J. M. 2001. Networks as the pipes and prisms of the market. American Journal of Sociology, 107 (1): 3360.
Podsakoff P., Mackenzie S., Bachrach D., & Podsakoff N. 2005. The influence of management journals in the 1980s and 1990s. Strategic Management Journal, 26: 473488.
Prahalad C. K. 2005. The fortune at the bottom of the pyramid: Eradicating poverty through profits. Philadelphia: Wharton.
Prahalad C. K., & Mashelkar R. A. 2010. Innovation's holy grail. Harvard Business Review, 88 (7–8): 132141.
Press Trust of India. 2014. November 27. India lags far behind China, US in R&D expenditure: Vardhan. Economic Times .
Price R. 2015. June 8. The founder of China's biggest startup reveals the secret to its success. Business Insider India .
Pries F., & Guild P. 2011. Commercializing inventions resulting from university research: Analyzing the impact of technology characteristics on subsequent business models. Technovation, 31 (4): 151160.
Pyke D., Farley J., & Robb D. 2002. Manufacturing technology and operations in China: A survey of state-owned enterprises, private firms, joint ventures and wholly-owned foreign subsidiaries. European Management Journal, 20 (4): 356375.
Radjou N., Prabhu J., & Ahuja S. 2012. Jugaad innovation: Think frugal, be flexible, generate breakthrough growth. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Raichaudhuri A. 2005. Issues in entrepreneurship education. Decision, 32 (2): 7384.
Ramachandran J., Pant A., & Pani S. K. 2012. Building the BoP producer ecosystem: The evolving engagement of Fabindia with Indian handloom artisans. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 29 (1): 3351.
Ramani S. V. 2002. Who is interested in biotech? R&D strategies, knowledge base and market sales of Indian biopharmaceutical firms. Research Policy, 31 (3): 381398.
Rashman L., Withers E., & Hartley J. 2009. Organizational learning and knowledge in public service organizations: A systematic review of the literature. International Journal of Management Reviews, 11 (4): 463494.
Ray S., & Ray P. K. 2011. Product innovation for the peoples car in an emerging economy. Technovation, 31 (5–6): 216227.
Reyes-García V. 2010. The relevance of traditional knowledge systems for ethnopharmacological research: Theoretical and methodological contributions. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 6 (1): 32.
Rokaya M., Atlam E., Fuketa M., Dorji T. C., & Aoe J. 2008. Ranking of field association terms using co-word analysis. Information Processing & Management, 44: 738755.
Ruttan V. W. 1997. Induced innovation, evolutionary theory and path dependence: Sources of technical change. The Economic Journal, 107 (444): 15201529.
Sahasranamam S., & Ball C. 2016. Sustainable procurement in social enterprises: Comparative case studies from India and Scotland. In Bals L. & Tate W. (Eds.), Implementing triple bottom line sustainability into global supply chains: 219231. Yorkshire: Greenleaf Publishing.
Sahasranamam S., & Sud M. 2016. Opportunity and necessity entrepreneurship: A comparative study of India and China. Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal, 22 (1): 2140.
Saxenian A. 2001. The Silicon Valley-Hsinchu connection: Technical communities and industrial upgrading. Berkeley Planning Journal, 15: 333.
Saxenian A. L. 1991. The origins and dynamics of productive networks in Silicon Valley. Research Policy, 20 (5): 423437.
Schmiele A. 2013. Intellectual property infringements due to R&D abroad? A comparative analysis between firms with international and domestic innovation activities. Research Policy, 42 (8): 14821495.
Schumpeter J. A. 1934. The theory of economic development: An inquiry into profits, capital, credit, interest, and the business cycle (Vol. 55). London: Transaction Publishers.
Schumpeter J. A. 1942. Capitalism, socialism, and democracy. New York: Harper & Brothers.
Schumpeter J. A. 2000. Entrepreneurship as innovation. In Swedberg R. (Ed.), Entrepreneurship: The social science view: 5175. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Shane S., & Venkataraman S. 2000. The promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research. Academy of Management Review, 25 (1): 217226.
Sharma P., Nookala S. B. S., & Sharma A. 2012. India's national and regional innovation systems: Challenges, opportunities and recommendations for policy makers. Industry & Innovation, 19 (6): 517537.
Sharova A. 2013. Chinese PhDs vs US PhDs. Inomics blog . http://blog.inomics.com/en/chinese-phds-vs-us-phds/.
Sikka P. 1996. Indigenous development and acquisition of technology: An Indian perspective. Technovation, 16 (2): 8595.
Sikka P. 1998. Analysis of in-house R&D centres of innovative firms in India. Research Policy, 27 (4): 429433.
Singh D. A., & Gaur A. S. 2013. Governance structure, innovation and internationalization: Evidence from India. Journal of International Management, 19 (3): 300309.
Smith W. K., & Tushman M. L. 2005. Managing strategic contradictions: A top management model for managing innovation streams. Organization Science, 16 (5): 522536.
Soh P. H., Mahmood I. P., & Mitchell W. 2004. Dynamic inducements in R&D investment: Market signals and network locations. Academy of Management Journal, 47 (6): 907917.
Srivastava M. K., & Wang T. 2014. When does selling make you wiser? Impact of licensing on Chinese firms’ patenting propensity. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 40 (4): 602628.
Stock G. N., Greis N. P., & Fischer W. A. 2001. Absorptive capacity and new product development. The Journal of High Technology Management Research, 12 (1): 7791.
Subrahmanya M. B. 2013. External support, innovation and economic performance: What firm level factors matter for high-tech SMEs? How? International Journal of Innovation Management, 17 (5): 1350024.
Sun Y., & Du D. 2010. Determinants of industrial innovation in China: Evidence from its recent economic census. Technovation, 30 (9–10): 540550.
Tatikonda M. V., & Stock G. N. 2003. Product technology transfer in the upstream supply chain. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 20 (6): 444467.
Teece D. J. 1986. Profiting from technological innovation: Implications for integration, collaboration, licensing and public policy. Research Policy, 15 (6): 285305.
Thorpe R., Holt R., Macpherson A., & Pittaway L. 2005. Using knowledge within small and medium-sized firms: A systematic review of the evidence. International Journal of Management Reviews, 7 (4): 257281.
Thurik R., Carree M. A., Van Stel A., & Audretsch D. B. 2008. Does self-employment reduce unemployment? Journal of Business Venturing, 23 (6): 673686.
Tiwana A. 2008. Do bridging ties complement strong ties? An empirical examination of alliance ambidexterity. Strategic Management Journal, 29 (3): 251272.
Tranfield D., Denyer D., & Smart P. 2003. Towards a methodology for developing evidence-informed management knowledge by means of systematic review. British Journal of Management, 14 (3): 207222.
Tsai W. 2001. Knowledge transfer in intraorganizational networks: Effects of network position and absorptive capacity on business unit innovation and performance. Academy of Management Journal, 44 (5): 9961004.
Tsai W., & Ghoshal S. 1998. Social capital and value creation: The role of intrafirm networks. Academy of Management Journal, 41 (4): 464476.
Tseng Y., Lin C., & Lin Y. 2008. Text mining techniques for patent analysis. Information Processing Management, 43: 12161247.
Upadhyay V. K., Sikka P., & Abrol D. K. 2009. Technology dissemination programmes and extramural R&D support in India. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 35 (6): 680690.
van der Panne G., van Beers C., & Kleinknecht A. 2003. Success and failure of innovation: A literature review. International Journal of Innovation Management, 7 (3): 130.
Vanderwerf P. A. 1992. Explaining downstream innovation by commodity suppliers with expected innovation benefit. Research Policy, 21 (4): 315333.
Vecchi A., Piana B. Della, & Vivacqua E. 2015. An institutional-based view of innovation – An explorative comparison of business groups in China and India. International Journal of Innovation Management, 19 (5): 1550051.
Venkataraman S. 1997. The distinctive domain of entrepreneurship research. In Katz J. (Ed.), Advances in entrepreneurship, firm emergence and growth: 119138. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
Viswanathan M., Echambadi R., Venugopal S., & Sridharan S. 2014. Subsistence entrepreneurship, value creation, and community exchange systems: A social capital explanation. Journal of Macromarketing, 34 (2): 213226.
Viswanathan M., & Sridharan S. 2012. Product development for the BoP: Insights on concept and prototype development from university-based student projects in India. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 29 (1): 5269.
von Hippel E. 1986. Lead users: A source of novel product concepts. Management Science, 32 (7): 791805.
Wang C., Yi J., Kafouros M., & Yan Y. 2015. Under what institutional conditions do business groups enhance innovation performance? Journal of Business Research, 68 (3): 694702.
Wang Q., Wong T. J., & Xia L. 2008. State ownership, the institutional environment, and auditor choice: Evidence from China. Journal of Accounting and Economics, 46 (1): 112134.
Wang Y., & Li-Ying J. 2014. When does inward technology licensing facilitate firms’ NPD performance? A contingency perspective. Technovation, 34 (1): 4453.
Wang Y., Ning L., & Chen J. 2014. Product diversification through licensing: Empirical evidence from Chinese firms. European Management Journal, 32 (4): 577586.
Wang Y., Pan X., Ning L., Li J., & Chen J. 2014. Technology exchange patterns in China: An analysis of regional data. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 40 (2): 252272.
Wang Y., Zhou Z., & Li-Ying J. 2012. The impact of licensed-knowledge attributes on the innovation performance of licensee firms: Evidence from the Chinese electronic industry. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 38 (5): 699715.
Wang Y., Zhou Z., Ning L., & Chen J. 2015. Technology and external conditions at play: A study of learning-by-licensing practices in China. Technovation, 43: 2939.
Westphal J. D., Seidel M. D. L., & Stewart K. J. 2001. Second-order imitation: Uncovering latent effects of board network ties. Administrative Science Quarterly, 46 (4): 717747.
White S., Gao J., & Zhang W. 2005. Financing new ventures in China: System antecedents and institutionalization. Research Policy, 34 (6): 894913.
Whitley R., & Gläser J. 2008. The changing governance of the sciences: The advent of research evaluation systems (26th ed.). Berlin: Springer Science & Business Media.
Wiklund J., Patzelt H., & Shepherd D. A. 2009. Building an integrative model of small business growth. Small Business Economics, 32 (4): 351374.
Williamson O. E. 1975. Markets and hierarchies, analysis and antitrust implications: A study in the economics of internal organization. New York: Free Press.
Witt M. A., & Redding G. 2013. Asian business systems: Institutional comparison, clusters and implications for varieties of capitalism and business systems theory. Socio-Economic Review, 11 (2): 265300.
Wong C., & Yap X. 2011. Mapping technological innovations through patent analysis: A case study of foreign multinationals and indigenous firms in China. Scientometrics, 91 (3): 773787.
Woolf S. H. 2008. The meaning of translational research and why it matters. Jama, 299 (2): 211213.
World Bank. 2015. Research and development expenditure (% of GDP). World Development Indicators. http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/GB.XPD.RSDV.GD.ZS.
Wu W. 2010. Managing and incentivizing research commercialization in Chinese Universities. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 35 (2): 203224.
Wu W., & Zhou Y. 2011. The third mission stalled? Universities in China's technological progress. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 37 (6): 812827.
Xie Y., Gao S., Jiang X., & Fey C. F. 2015. Social ties and indigenous innovation in China's transition economy: The moderating effects of learning intent. Industry and Innovation, 22 (2): 79101.
Yingqi C. 2015. October 28. R&D fund bolstered by private sector. China Daily.
Yip G., & McKern B. 2014. Innovation in emerging markets – The case of China. International Journal of Emerging Markets, 9 (1): 210.
Yu X., & Si S. 2012. Innovation, internationalization and entrepreneurship: A new venture research perspective. Innovation: Management, Policy & Practice, 14 (4): 524539.
Zhang J., Baden-Fuller C., & Mangematin V. 2007. Technological knowledge base, R&D organization structure and alliance formation: Evidence from the biopharmaceutical industry. Research Policy, 36 (4): 515528.
Zhao F. 2005. Exploring the synergy between entrepreneurship and innovation. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 11 (1): 2541.
Zheng C., & Wang B. 2012. Innovative or imitative? Technology firms in China. Prometheus, 30 (2): 169178.
Zheng S., Li H., & Wu X. 2013. Network resources and the innovation performance: Evidence from Chinese manufacturing firms. Management Decision, 51 (6): 12071224.
Zou Y., & Zhao W. 2014. Anatomy of Tsinghua University Science Park in China: Institutional evolution and assessment. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 39 (5): 663674.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Management and Organization Review
  • ISSN: 1740-8776
  • EISSN: 1740-8784
  • URL: /core/journals/management-and-organization-review
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 1
Total number of PDF views: 7 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 148 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 5th December 2017 - 11th December 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.