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First occurrence of the Monrovia doctorfish Acanthurus monroviae (Perciformes: Acanthuridae) in European Atlantic waters

  • Bárbara Horta e Costa (a1) (a2) and Emanuel J. Gonçalves (a1)

Acanthurus monroviae is reported for the first time in European Atlantic waters. One adult specimen of this species was observed and photographed in the Arrábida Marine Park (Portugal, 38.43°N9.07°W) in December 2007. Short term temperature changes associated with warmer winters may favour the occurrence of vagrant individuals of tropical species in this temperate biogeographic transition zone. This area is considered an important ‘barometer' for studying the effects of climate change with possibly permanent expansions of the geographical ranges of these species.

Corresponding author
Correspondence should be addressed to: E.J. Gonçalves, Eco-Ethology Research Unit, ISPA—Instituto Universitário, R. Jardim do Tabaco 34, 1149-041 Lisboa, Portugal email:
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M. Henriques , E.J. Gonçalves and V.C. Almada (2007) Rapid shifts in a marine fish assemblage follow fluctuations in winter sea conditions. Marine Ecology Progress Series 340, 259270.

J.-C. Joyeux , S.R. Floeter , C.E.L. Ferreira and J.L. Gasparini (2001) Biogeography of tropical reef fishes: the South Atlantic puzzle. Journal of Biogeography 28, 831841.

M.I. McCormick (1999) Delayed metamorphosis of a tropical reef fish (Acanthurus triostegus): a field experiment. Marine Ecology Progress Series 176, 2538.

L.A. Rocha , A.L. Bass , D.R. Robertson and B.W. Bowen (2002) Adult habitat preferences, larval dispersal, and the comparative phylogeography of three Atlantic surgeonfishes (Teleostei: Acanthuridae). Molecular Ecology 11, 243251.

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Marine Biodiversity Records
  • ISSN: -
  • EISSN: 1755-2672
  • URL: /core/journals/marine-biodiversity-records
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