Skip to main content Accesibility Help

First records of the grey nurse shark Carcharias taurus (Lamniformes: Odontaspididae) from oceanic coral reefs in the Timor Sea

  • Paolo Momigliano (a1) (a2) and Vanessa Flora Jaiteh (a3)

The threatened grey nurse shark (Carcharias taurus) is reported for the first time from oceanic coral reefs in the Timor Sea. Generally known from temperate and subtropical coastal reef habitats, this species was encountered by Indonesian traditional fishers on oceanic coral reefs in an area of the Australian Exclusive Economic Zone known as the 1974 MoU Box, some 200 km from the Australian mainland. The presence of C. taurus on these remote tropical reefs bears important management implications, including the species’ protected status in Australian waters and the challenges of regulating catches in areas permitted for traditional Indonesian fishing.

Corresponding author
Correspondence to be addressed to: P. Momigliano, Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, 2109 New South Wales, Australia email:
Hide All
Ahonen, H., Harcourt, R. and Stow, A. (2009) Nuclear and mitochondrial DNA reveals isolation of imperilled grey nurse shark populations (Carcharias taurus). Molecular Ecology 18, 44094421.
Bansemer, C.S. and Bennett, M.B. (2009) Reproductive periodicity, localised movements and behavioral segregation of pregnant Carcharias taurus at Wolf Rock, southern Queensland, Australia. Marine Ecology Progress Series 374, 215227.
Bansemer, C.S. and Bennett, M.B. (2011) Sex- and maturity-based differences in movement and migration patterns of grey nurse shark, Carcharias taurus, along the eastern coast of Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 62, 597606.
Chidlow, J., Gaughan, D. and McAuley, R. (2005) Identification of Western Australian Grey Nurse Shark aggregation sites. Final Report to the Australian Government, Department of the Environment and Heritage, Canberra, ACT Australia.
Compagno, L.J.V. (1984) FAO species catalogue, Vol. 4. Sharks of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1, Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Vol. 4, Part 1, 249.
Fox, J. and Sen, S. (2002) A study of socio-economic issues facing traditional Indonesian fishers who access the MoU Box. A Report for Environment Australia. Environment Australia, Canberra, ACT Australia.
Kimura, M. (1980) A simple method for estimating evolutionary rates of base substitutions through comparative studies of nucleotide sequences. Journal of Molecular Evolution 16, 111120.
Last, P.R. and Stevens, J.D. (2009) Sharks and rays of Australia. Collingwood: CSIRO Publishing.
Momigliano, P., Jaiteh, V.F. and Speed, C.W. (2015) Predators in danger: shark conservation and management in Australia, New Zealand, and their neighbours. In Stow, A., Holwell, G. and Maclean, N. (eds) Austral ark. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 467491.
Otway, N.M. and Ellis, M.T. (2011) Pop-up archival satellite tagging of Carcharias taurus: movements and depth/temperature-related use of south-eastern Australian waters. Marine and Freshwater Research 63, 607620.
Pollard, D. and Smith, A. (2009) Carcharias taurus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, version 2014.2. Available at: (accessed 07 November 2014).
Stacey, N. (2007) Boats to burn: Bajo fishing activity in the Australian fishing zone. Canberra: Asia–Pacific Environment Monograph, ANU E Press.
Stow, A., Zenger, K., Briscoe, D., Gillings, M., Peddemors, V., Otway, N. and Harcourt, R. (2006) Isolation and genetic diversity of endangered grey nurse shark (Carcharias taurus) populations. Biololy Letters 2, 308311.
Tamura, K., Peterson, D., Peterson, N., Stecher, G., Nei, M. and Kumar, S. (2011) MEGA5: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis using maximum likelihood, evolutionary distance, and maximum parsimony methods. Molecular Biology and Evolution 28, 27312739.
Walsh, P.S., Metzger, D.A. and Higuchi, R. (1991) Chelex 100 as a medium for simple extraction of DNA for PCR-based typing from forensic material. BioTechniques 10, 506513.
Ward, R.D., Holmes, B.H., White, W.T. and Last, P.R. (2008) DNA barcoding Australasian chondrichthyans: results and potential uses in conservation. Marine and Freshwater Research 59, 5771.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Marine Biodiversity Records
  • ISSN: -
  • EISSN: 1755-2672
  • URL: /core/journals/marine-biodiversity-records
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed