Skip to main content

Lodgers or tramps? Aporrhais pespelecani and Turritella communis on the north-western Black Sea shelf

  • Sergey Snigirov (a1), Roman Sizo (a2) and Sergiy Sylantyev (a3) (a4)

The present paper reports the first finding of two gastropod species, Aporrhais pespelecani and Turritella communis in the north-western part of the Black Sea more than 500 km north from the edge of their native range (the Bosphorus Strait). The possible role of different hydrological factors in a spread of the species range, their perspective influence on the local demersal community and probable vectors of dissemination are discussed.

Corresponding author
Correspondence should be addressed to: S. Sylantyev, DCEE, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London, WC1N 3BG, UK email:
Hide All
Albayrak, S. (2003) On the Mollusca fauna of the Black Sea near Istanbul. Zoology in the Middle East 30, 6975.
Alexandrov, B., Boltachev, A., Kharchenko, T., Lyashenko, A., Son, M., Tsarenko, P. and Zhukinsky, V. (2007) Trends of aquatic alien species invasions in Ukraine. Aquatic Invasions 2, 215242.
Anistratenko, V.V. (1998) Identification guide to gastropod mollusks of the order Pectinibranchia (Gastropoda, Pectinibranchia) of the fauna of Ukraine. Part 1: marine and brackish water mollusks. Vestnik Zoologii 8, 365. [In Russian.]
Appeltans, W., Bouchet, P., Boxshall, G., De Broyer, C., de Voogd, N., Gordon, D.P., Hoeksema, B.W., Horton, T., Kennedy, M., Mees, J., Poore, G.C.B., Read, G., Stöhr, S., Walter, T.C. and Costello, M.J. (2013) World Register of Marine Species. Available at: (accessed 27 March 2013).
Barnes, H. and Bagenal, T.B. (1952) The habits and habitat of Aporrhais pes-pelicani (L.). Journal of Molluscan Studies 29, 101105.
Belkin, I.M. (2009) Rapid warming of large marine ecosystems. Progress in Oceanography 81, 207213.
Buynevich, I.V., Yanko-Hombach, V., Gilbert, A.S. and Martin, R.E. (2011) Geology and geoarchaeology of the Black Sea region: beyond the flood hypothesis. Boulder, CO: Geological Society of America, 196 pp.
Cintra-Buenrostro, C.E., Foster, M.S. and Meldahl, K.H. (2002) Response of nearshore marine assemblages to global change: a comparison of molluscan assemblages in Pleistocene and modern rhodolith beds in the southwestern Gulf of California, México. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 183, 299320.
Demir, M. (2003) Shells of Mollusca collected from the seas of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology 27, 101140.
Dumont, H. (1999) Black Sea red data book. New York: UNOPS, 413 pp.
Fretter, V. and Graham, A. (1981) The prosobranch molluscs of Britain and Denmark. Part 6—Cerithiacea, Strombacea, Hipponiacea, Calyptraeacea, Lamellariacea, Cypraeacea, Naticacea, Tonnacea, Heteropoda. Journal of Molluscan Studies Supplement 9, 285363.
Fretter, V. and Manly, R. (1979) Observations on the biology of some sublittoral prosobranchs. Journal of Molluscan Studies 45, 209218.
Ginzburg, A.I., Kostianoy, A.G. and Sheremet, N.A. (2004) Seasonal and interannual variability of the Black Sea surface temperature as revealed from satellite data (1982–2000). Journal of Marine Systems 52, 3350.
Goud, J. (1997) Conus pulcher Lightfoot, 1786 trawled in the North Sea. Vita Marina 44, 4950.
Graham, A. (1938) On a ciliary process of food-collecting in the gastropod Turritella communis Risso. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London A108, 453463.
Gude, G.K. (1981a) Aporrhaidae Gray, 1850 Aporrhais pespelecani (Linnaeus, 1758), pelican's foot Strombus pespelecani Linnaeus, 1758 Chenopus pespelecani (Linnaeus, 1758) Aporrhais quadrifidus (da Costa, 1778). Journal of Molluscan Studies 47 (Supplement 9), 295299.
Gude, G.K. (1981b) Turritellidae Woodward, 1851 Turitella communis Risso, 1826, auger or screw shell Turritella terebra (Pennant, 1777), non Linnaeus, 1758 Turritella tricarinata (Brocchi, 1864) forma communis . Journal of Molluscan Studies 47 (Supplement 9), 286289.
Huvet, A., Lapègue, S., Magoulas, A. and Boudry, P. (2000) Mitochondrial and nuclear DNA phylogeography of Crassostrea angulata, the Portuguese oyster endangered in Europe. Conservation Genetics 1, 251262.
Kantor, Y.I., Rusyaev, S.M. and Antokhina, T.I. (2008) Going eastward—climate changes evident from gastropod distribution in the Barents Sea. Ruthenica 18, 5154.
Keegan, B.F. and Mercer, J.P. (1986) An oceanographical survey of Killary Harbour on the west coast of Ireland. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy. Section B: Biological, Geological, and Chemical Science 86B, 170.
Kolyuchkina, G.A. and Miljutin, D.M. (2013) Application of the morpho-functional analysis of hydrobionts (Anadara sp. cf. Anadara inaequivalvis Bivalvia) to environmental monitoring. Oceanology 53, 169175.
Kovtun, O.A. and Zolotarev, V.N. (2008) The first finding of the Pacific giant oyster Crassostrea gigas (Bivalvia, Ostreidae) in the Gulf of Odessa (Black Sea). Vestnik Zoologii 42, 262. [In Russian.]
Lambert, C.C. and Lambert, G. (1998) Non-indigenous ascidians in southern California harbors and marinas. Marine Biology 130, 675688.
Lebour, M.V. (1933) The eggs and larvæ of Turritella communis Lamarck and Aporrhais pespelicani (L.). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom (New Series) 18, 499506.
Leitão, A., Chaves, R., Santos, S., Guedes-Pinto, H. and Boudry, P. (2007) Interspecific hybridization in oysters: restriction enzyme digestion chromosome banding confirms Crassostrea angulata × Crassostrea gigas F1 hybrids. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 343, 253260.
Lutaenko, K.A. (2006) Fauna of bivalves, subfamily Anadarinae (Arcidae) from Southern India. Bulletin of the Far East Malacological Community 10, 102121.
Mee, L.D. (1992) The Black Sea in crisis: a need for concerted international action. Ambio 21, 278286.
Micu, D. and Micu, S. (2004) A new type of macrozoobenthic community from the rocky bottoms of the Black Sea. In International Workshop on the Black Sea Benthos, pp. 1823.
Mironov, S., Shadrin, N. and Grintsov, V. (2002) New molluscan species in sea and continental waters of the Crimea. Ekologiya Morya 61, 43. [In Russian.]
Mordukhai-Boltovskoi, P. (1972) General characteristics of the fauna in the Black Sea and in the Sea of Azov. In Vodyanitsky, V.A. (ed.) Guide on the fauna in the Black Sea and in the Sea of Azov. Naukova Dumka, Kyiv 3, 316324. [In Russian.]
Oğuz, T. and Öztürk, B. (2011) Mechanisms impeding natural Mediterranization process of Black Sea fauna. Journal of Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment 17, 234253.
Poppe, G.T. and Goto, Y. (1991) European seashells. Polyplacophora, Caudofoveata, Solenogastra, Gastropoda. Volume 1. Wiesbaden: Hemmen, 352 pp.
Revkov, N.K. (2003) Taxonomic composition of benthic fauna of Crimean Black Sea coast. In Eremeev, V.N. and Gaevskaya, A.V. (eds.) Modern condition of biological diversity in near-shore zone of Crimea (Black Sea sector). Sevastopol: EKOSI-Gidrofizika, pp. 209218. [In Russian.]
Riginos, C. and Cunningham, C.W. (2005) Invited review: local adaptation and species segregation in two mussel (Mytilus edulis × Mytilus trossulus) hybrid zones. Molecular Ecology 14, 381400.
Roginskaya, I.S. and Grintsov, V.A. (1990) Sea slugh Doridella obscura Verill: a new invader species in the Black Sea. Okeanologiya 30, 855857. [In Russian.]
Sartenaer, P. (1959) Premières recherches taphonomiques, en scaphandre autonome, sur le facies a Turritella tricarinata forme comunis de la vase molle terrigene du golfe de Fos. Recueil des Travaux, Station Marine d'Endoume 26, 1538.
Sauriau, P.G. (1991) Spread of Cyclope neritea (Mollusca: Gastropoda) along the north-eastern Atlantic coasts in relation to oyster culture and to climatic fluctuations. Marine Biology 109, 299309.
Shadrin, N.V. and Latushkin, A.A. (2002) A finding of a lot of shells of Aporrhais pespelecani (Linné, 1758) on the Crimean beach, the Black Sea. Ekologiya Morya 22, 44. [In Russian.]
Shadrin, N.V., Mironov, S.S. and Golikov, A.N. (2002) The finding in the Black Sea of living samples of Neptunea arthritica (Bernardi, 1857) (Gastropoda, Buccinidae). Ekologiya Morya 62, 29. [In Russian.]
Shapiro, G.I. (2009) Black Sea circulation. In Steele, J., Thorpe, S. and Turekian, K. (eds) Ocean currents: a derivative of the encyclopedia of ocean sciences. Volume 1. London: Academic Press, pp. 318331.
Skolka, M. and Preda, C. (2010) Alien invasive species at the Romanian Black Sea coast—present and perspectives. Travaux du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle ‘Grigore Antipa’ 53, 443467.
Smidt, E.L.B. (1944) Biological studies of the invertebrate fauna of the harbour of Copenhagen. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk naturhistorisk Forening i Kobenhavn 107, 235316.
Snigirov, S., Goncharov, O. and Sylantyev, S. (2012) The fish community in Zmiinyi Island waters: structure and determinants. Marine Biodiversity 42, 225239.
Sorte, C.J.B., Williams, S.L. and Zerebecki, R.A. (2010) Ocean warming increases threat of invasive species in a marine fouling community. Ecology 91, 21982204.
Terentiev, A.S. (1998) Species richness and chief zoobenthos species in different biotopes of the Black Sea purlieu of Kerch Strait. YugNIRO Transactions 44, 100110. [In Russian.]
Therriault, T.W., Docker, M.F., Orlova, M.I., Heath, D.D. and MacIsaac, H.J. (2004) Molecular resolution of the family Dreissenidae (Mollusca: Bivalvia) with emphasis on Ponto-Caspian species, including first report of Mytilopsis leucophaeata in the Black Sea basin. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30, 479489.
Thiriot-Quiévreux, C. (1969) Caractéristiques morphologiques des véligères planctoniques de gastéropodes de la région de Banyuls-sur-Mer. Vie et Milieu 20, 333366.
Thorson, G. (1950) Reproductive and larval ecology of marine bottom invertebrates. Biological Reviews 25, 145.
Thresher, R., Proctor, C., Ruiz, G., Gurney, R., MacKinnon, C., Walton, W., Rodriguez, L. and Bax, N. (2003) Invasion dynamics of the European shore crab, Carcinus maenas, in Australia. Marine Biology 142, 867876.
Trenberth, K., Jones, P., Ambenje, P., Bojariu, R., Easterling, D., Klein Tank, A., Parker, D., Rahinzadeh, F., Renwick, J.A., Rusticucci, M., Soden, B. and Zhai, P. (2007) Observations: surface and atmospheric climate change. In Solomon, S., Qin, D., Manning, M., Marquis, M., Averyt, K., Tignor, M., Miller, H. and Chen, Z. (eds) Climate Change 2007: the physical science basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Volume 1. Cambridge, UK and New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press, pp. 235336.
Van Straaten, L. (1960) Marine mollusc shell assemblages of the Rhône Delta. Geologie en Mijnbouw 39, 105129.
Warwick, R.M. and Turk, S.M. (2002) Predicting climate change effects on marine biodiversity: comparison of recent and fossil molluscan death assemblages. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 82, 847850.
Wright, C.A. (1956) Studies on the life-history and ecology of the trematode genus Renicola Cohn, 1904. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 126, 150.
Yonge, C.M. (1937) The biology of Aporrhais pespelecani (L.) and A. serresiana (Mich.). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom (New Series) 21, 687703.
Yonge, C.M. (1946) On the habits of Turritella communis Risso. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 26, 377380.
Yüce, H. (1996) Mediterranean water in the Strait of Istanbul (Bosphorus) and the Black Sea exit. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 43, 597616.
Zolotarev, V. (1996) The Black Sea ecosystem changes related to the introduction of new mollusc species. Marine Ecology 17, 227236.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Marine Biodiversity Records
  • ISSN: -
  • EISSN: 1755-2672
  • URL: /core/journals/marine-biodiversity-records
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed