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Nakajima's Problem: Convex Bodies of Constant Width and Constant Brightness

  • Ralph Howard (a1) and Daniel Hug (a2)

The kth projection function of a convex body K ⊂ ℝn assigns to any k-dimensional linear subspace of ℝn the k-volume of the orthogonal projection of K to that subspace. Let K and K0 be convex bodies in ℝn, and let K0 be centrally symmetric and satisfy a weak regularity and curvature condition (which includes all K0 with ∂K0 of class C2 with positive radii of curvature). Assume that K and K0 have proportional 1st projection functions (i.e., width functions) and proportional kth projection functions. For 2 ≤ k < (n + 1)/2 and for k = 3, n = 5, it is shown that K and K0 are homothetic. In the special case where K0 is a Euclidean ball, characterizations of Euclidean balls as convex bodies of constant width and constant k-brightness are thus obtained.

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  • ISSN: 0025-5793
  • EISSN: 2041-7942
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