Let . denote the modular curve associated with the normalizer of a non-split Cartan group of level N., where N. is an arbitrary integer. The curve is denned over Q and the corresponding scheme over ℤ[1/N] is smooth . If N. is a prime, the genus formula for . is given in [5,6]. The curve . has genus 0 if N < 11 and has genus 1. Ligozat  has shown that the group of Q-rational points on has rank 1. If the genus g(N). is greater than 1, very little is known about the Q-rational points of . Since under simple conditions imaginary quadratic fields with class number 1 give an integral point on these curves, Serre and others have asked whether all integral points are obtained in this way .
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