Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

SYSTEMATICS OF NEARCTIC SCYTHRIDIDAE (LEPIDOPTERA: GELECHIOIDEA): PHYLOGENY AND CLASSIFICATION OF SUPRASPECIFIC TAXA, WITH A REVIEW OF DESCRIBED SPECIES

  • Jean-François Landry (a1)

Abstract

Genera and previously described species of Nearctic Scythrididae are revised for the first time, based on the study of adult structures. About 90 percent of the Nearctic fauna known in collections consists of undescribed species. The supraspecific taxa treated in this work encompass less than half of the Nearctic species diversity. Only six new species are described, all within the largest and structurally most diverse genus. The status of all nominal species is revised. Valid species are redescribed and their features illustrated. General problems in the systematics of the Scythrididae are discussed. A description of adult features of the family Scythrididae is providad. Extra-limital genera are briefly reviewed. A key to the Nearctic genera and informal supraspecific lineages is provided.Six genera, including three new, are treated: Areniscythris Powell, 1976, Arotrura Walsingham, 1888, Asymmetrura gen. nov., Neoscythris gen. nov., Rhamphura gen. nov., and Scythris s. str. Hübner, [1825]. Areniscythris includes a single described species, Areniscythris brachypteris Powell, but is defined more broadly to account for a number of undescribed species. Arotrura is divided into nine informal species groups with the following included species: Arotrura atascosa sp. nov., Arotrura balli sp. nov., Arotrura divaricata (Braun) comb, nov., Arotrura eburnea Walsingham, Arotrura formidabilis sp. nov., Arotrura hymenata sp. nov., Arotrura longissima sp. nov., Arotrura oxyplecta (Meyrick) comb, nov., Arotrura powelli sp. nov., and Arotrura sponsella (Busck) comb. nov. Asymmetrura includes: Asymmetrura albilineata (Walsingham) comb. nov., Asymmetrura graminivorella (Braun) comb. nov., Asymmetrura impositella (Zeller) comb. nov. and type species, Asymmetrura matutella (Clemens) comb, nov., Asymmetrura reducta (Braun) comb, nov., and Asymmetrura scintillifera (Braun) comb. nov. Neoscythris includes: Neoscythris confinis (Braun) comb, nov., Neoscythris euthia (Walsingham) comb. nov., Neoscythris fissirostris (Meyrick) comb. nov. and type species, and Neoscythris planipenella (Chambers) comb. nov. Rhamphura includes: Rhamphura altisierrae (Keifer) comb, nov., Rhamphura ochristriata (Walsingham) comb. nov. and type species, Rhamphura perspicillella (Walsingham) comb. nov., Rhamphura suffusa (Walsingham) comb. nov., and the extra-limital Rhamphura immunis (Meyrick) comb. nov. from Peru. Scythris s. str. includes: Scythris immaculatella (Chambers) rev. stat., Scythris limbella (Fabricius), Scythris mixaula Meyrick, Scythris trivinctella (Zeller), and Scythris ypsilon Braun. A further eight species are phylogenetically distinct from Scythris s. str. but provisionally are only assigned to five informal monophyletic lineages until their cladistic relationships are more firmly established. These are: the Scythris basilaris lineage including Scythris basilaris (Zeller), Scythris eboracensis (Zeller), and Scythris fuscicomella (Clemens); the Scythris interrupta lineage including Scythris interrupta Braun; the Scythris inspersella lineage including Scythris inspersella (Hübner) and Scythris noricella (Zeller); the Scythris anthracina lineage including Scythris anthracina Braun; and the Scythris charon lineage including Scythris charon Meyrick. Three species are incertae sedis: Scythris inornatella (Chambers) comb, nov., Scythrispilosella (Zeller), and Scythris piratica Meyrick.Coleophora albacostella Chambers and Coleophora inornatella Chambers are transferred from the Coleophoridae. Scythris arizoniella (Kearfott) is transferred to the Coleophoridae [Coleophora arizoniella (Kearfott) comb. nov.].The following new synonymy is proposed: Colinita Busck, 1907 = Arotrura Walsingham, 1888; Gelechia aterrimella Walker, 1864 and Scythris epilobiella McDunnough, 1942 = Scythris inspersella [Hübner, (1817)]; Scythris magnatella Busck, 1904 = Scythris noricella (Zeller, 1843); Scythris pacifica McDunnough, 1927 = Scythris immaculatella (Chambers, 1875); Coleophora albacostella Chambers, 1875 and Scythris hemidictyas Meyrick, 1928 = Neoscythris planipenella (Chambers, 1875).A cladistic definition of the family is presented for the first time. The monophyly of the Scythrididae is supported by the following synapomorphies: very narrow ductus bursae, broad ductus seminalis anastomosed with the oviduct and the corpus bursae, lack of signum, unique shape of the apophyses of the metathoracic furca, tarsomeres 1–4 with two subapical spurs, aedeagus ankylosed, and origin of forewing veins R4 and R5 on a common stalk with R4 extended to the costa and R5 to the termen. Relationships of the Scythrididae within the Gelechioidea are discussed. Based on the cladistic analysis of 52 structural characters, phylogenetic relationships of supraspecific taxa are inferred. Two cladograms, one for the genera and one for the species groups of Arotrura, are presented and used in deriving the classification.

L'auteur présente la première révision des genres et des espèces préalablement décrites de Scythrididae néarctiques, en se fondant sur les caractères morphologiques des adultes. Environ 90 pourcent de la faune néarctique représentée dans les collections consiste en espèces non décrites. Le traitement des taxons supraspécifiques s'applique à un peu moins de la moitié de l'ensemble des espèces néarctiques. Le choix des taxons supraspécifiques traités a été établi principalement autour des espèces et genres nominaux préexistants. Seulement six nouvelles espèces sont décrites, toutes appartenant au genre le plus grand et le plus morphologiquement varié. L'auteur révise le statut de toutes les espèces nominales, et fournit des redescriptions et illustrations de toutes celles qui sont valides. L'auteur discute des problèmes généraux de la systématique de la famille et des genres ne se trouvant pas dans la région néarctique. Il fournit une description des principaux caractères familiaux et un tableau de détermination des genres et des lignées supraspécifiques informelles de la faune néarctique.

L'auteur traite de six genres, dont trois nouveaux : Areniscythris Powell, 1976, Arotrura Walsingham, 1888, Asymmetrura gen. nov., Neoscythris gen. nov., Rhamphura gen. nov., et Scythris s. str. Hübner, [1825]. Areniscythris ne comprend qu'une seule espèce décrite, Areniscythris brachypteris Powell, mais sa définition est élargie pour accommoder un certain nombre d'espèces encore non décrites. Arotrura comprend les espèces suivantes réparties dans neuf groupes d'espèces au statut informel : Arotrura atascosa sp. nov., Arotrura balli sp. nov., Arotrura divaricata (Braun) comb, nov., Arotrura eburnea Walsingham, Arotrura formidabilis sp. nov., Arotrura hymenata sp. nov., Arotrura longissima sp. nov., Arotrura oxyplecta (Meyrick) comb. nov., Arotrura powelli sp. nov., et Arotrura sponsella (Busck) comb. nov. Asymmetrura inclut : Asymmetrura albilineata (Walsingham) comb. nov., Asymmetrura graminivorella (Braun) comb. nov., Asymmetrura impositella (Zeller) comb. nov. et espèce-type, Asymmetrura matutella (Clemens) comb, nov., Asymmetrura reducta (Braun) comb, nov., et Asymmetrura scintillifera (Braun) comb. nov. Neoscythris comprend : Neoscythris confinis (Braun) comb, nov., Neoscythris euthia (Walsingham) comb, nov., Neoscythris fissirostris (Meyrick) comb. nov. et espèce-type, et Neoscythris planipenella (Chambers) comb. nov. Rhamphura inclut : Rhamphura altisierrae (Keifer) comb. nov., Rhamphura ochristriata (Walsingham) comb. nov. et espèce-type, Rhamphura perspicillella (Walsingham) comb, nov., Rhamphura suffusa (Walsinghamt Rhamphura immunis (Meyrick) comb. nov. du Pérou. Scythris s. str. Comprend : Scythris immaculatella (Chambers) stat. rév., Scythris limbella (Fabricius), Scythris mixaula Meyrick, Scythris trivinctella (Zeller), et Scythris ypsilon Braun. Huit autres espèces phylogénétiquement distinctes du genre Scythris s. str. sont temporairement assignées à cinq lignées monophylétiques au statut nomenclatural informel en attendant que leur affinités cladistiques soient mieux établies. Ce sont : la lignée de Scythris basilaris qui comprend Scythris basilaris (Zeller), Scythris eboracensis (Zeller), et Scythris fuscicomella (Clemens); la lignée de Scythris interrupta qui ne comprend que Scythris interrupta Braun; la lignée de Scythris inspersella incluant Scythris inspersella (Hübner) et Scythris noricella (Zeller); la lignée de Scythris anthracina ne comprenant que Scythris anthracina Braun; et la lignée de Scythris charon comprenant Scythris charon Meyrick. Trois espèces ont une position incertaine ou indéterminée : Scythris inornatella (Chambers) comb, nov., Scythris pilosella (Zeller), et Scythris piratica Meyrick.

Coleophora albacostella Chambers et Coleophora inornatella Chambers sont transférés de la famille des Coleophoridae. Scythris arizoniella (Kearfott) est transféré aux Coleophoridae [Coleophora arizoniella (Kearfott) comb. nov.].

L'auteur propose les nouveaux synonymes suivants : Colinita Busck, 1907 = Arotrura Walsingham, 1888; Gelechia aterrimella Walker, 1864 et Scythris epilobiella McDunnough, 1942 = Scythris inspersella (Hübner, [1817]); Scythris magnatella Busck, 1904 = Scythris noricella (Zeller, 1843); Scythris pacifica McDunnough, 1927 = Scythris immaculatella (Chambers, 1875);Coleophora albacostella Chambers, 1875 et Scythris hemidictyas Meyrick, 1928 = Neoscythris planipenella (Chambers, 1875).

L'auteur propose une première définition cladistique de la famille. La monophylie des Scythrididae repose sur les synapomorphies suivantes : ductus bursae très étroit, ductus seminalis très élargie et anastomosé à l'oviducte et au corpus bursae, signum absent, forme unique des apophyses de la fourche métathoracique, tarsomères 1–4 avec deux éperons subapicaux, édéage ankylosé, nervures R4 et R5 de l'aile supérieure originant d'un tronc commun avec l'extrémité de R4 atteignant la marge costale et celle de R5 atteignant le termen. L'auteur discute des relations phylogénétiques des Scythrididae au sein de la superfamille des Gelechioidea. Deux cladogrammes, un pour les genres et un pour les groupes d'espèces d'Arotrura, dérivés d'une analyse cladistique de 52 caractères structuraux, servent à élaborer la classification.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Adamski, D. 1989. Morphology and systematics of North American Blastobasidae [Lepidoptera: Gelechioidea]. Miss. Agr. For. Exp. Stn Tech. bull. 165 (Miss. Ent. Mus. No. 1). 70 pp.
Agenjo, R. 1953. Un Microlepidoptero murciano genero y especie nuevos de la familia Scythrididae. Graellsia 11: 4047.
Agenjo, R. 1962. Resultados cientificos de una Pension de Estudios en el “Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle” de Paris, con la descripcion de un genero y otra especie nuevos de lepidopteros espanoles, dedicados al Excmwo. Sr. D. Jescs Rubio y Garcia-Mina, Ministro de Educacion Nacional. Eos, Madr. 38: 147189 + 6 pls.
Agenjo, R. 1966. Catalago ordenador de los lepidopteros en Espana. Graellsia 22: 28 unnumbered pages at end of issue.
Amsel, H.G. 1935 a. Zur Kenntnis der Microlepidopterenfauna des südlichen Toten-Meer-Gebietes, nebst Beschreibung neuer palastinensischer Macro-und Microlepidoptera. Veröff. dt. Kolon.-u. Übersee-Mus. Bremen 1: 203221, 2 pls.
Amsel, H.G. 1935 b. Neue palastinensische Lepidopteren. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berl. 20: 271319, 10 pls.
Amsel, H.G. 1939. Contributo alla conoscenza della fauna entomologica della Sardegna. Nuove Forme di Lepidotteri. Memorie Soc. ent. ital. 37: 6384, 5 pls. [paper co-authored with F. Hartig, separated in two parts with a common introduction; each part, containing taxonomic names and descriptions is clearly attributed to each author].
Amsel, H.G. 1940. Uber alte und neue Kleinschmetterlinge aus den Mittelmeer-Gebiet. Veröff. dt. Kolon.-u. Übersee-Mus. Bremen 3(1): 3756, pl. 3.
Amsel, H.G. 1942 a. Die Gattung Epidola Stgr. (Lepidoptera: Scythrididae). Veröff. dt. Kolon.-u. Übersee-Mus. Bremen 3: 217223, 1 pl.
Amsel, H.G. 1942 b. Revision der Gattung Holcopogon Stgr. (Lepidoptera: Scythrididae). Veröff. dt. Kolon.-u. Über see-Mus. Bremen 3: 224237, 2 pls.
Amsel, H.G. 1949. On the Microlepidoptera collected by E.P. Wiltshire in Irak and Iran in the years 1935 to 1938. Bull. Soc. Fouad I. Ent. 33: 271351.
Barnes, W.M., and McDunnough, J.. 1917. Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Boreal America. Herald Press, Decatur. 392 pp.
Becker, V.O. 1984. Oecophoridae. pp. 2740 in Heppner, J.B. (ed.), Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 1, Micropterigoidea - Immoidea. Dr W. Junk Publishers, The Hague.
B.Å., Bengtsson 1984. The Scythrididae (Lepidoptera) of Northern Europe. Fauna entomologica Scand. 13. 137 pp.
Bengtsson, B.Å. and Passerin d'Entrèves, P. 1988. Description of two new species from southwest Europe, Enolmis vivesi n. sp. and Scythris lhommei n. sp. (Lepidoptera: Scythrididae). Shilap Revta. lepid. 16: 2127.
Boie, F. 1826. Generalfbersicht der ornithologischen Ordnungen, Familien und Gattungen. Isis 1826: 975981.
Braun, A.F. 1920. New species of Scythris (Microlepidoptera). Can. Ent. 52: 4041.
Braun, A.F. 1923 a. Expedition of the California Academy of Sciences to the Gulf of California in 1921. X. The tineid moths. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 12: 117122.
Braun, A.F. 1923 b. Microlepidoptera: Notes and new species. Trans. Am. ent. Soc. 69: 115127.
Braun, A.F. 1924 a. The Chambers specimens of Tineina in the collection of the American Entomological Society. Trans. Am. ent. Soc. 49: 347358.
Braun, A.F. 1924 b. The frenulum and its retinaculum in the Lepidoptera. Ann. ent. Soc. Am. 17: 234256.
Braun, A.F. 1927. New Microlepidoptera from Ontario. Can. Ent. 59: 5659.
Braun, A.F. 1940. Notes and new species in the Yponomeutid group (Microlepidoptera). Trans. Am. ent. Soc. 6: 273282.
Braun, A.F. 1948. Elachistidae of North America (Microlepidoptera). Mem. Am. ent. Soc. no. 13. 101 pp., 26 pls.
Brock, J.P. 1971. A contribution towards an understanding of the morphology and phylogeny of the ditrysian Lepidoptera. J. nat. Hist. 5: 29102.
Brower, A.E. 1984. A list of the Lepidoptera of Maine. Part 2. The Microlepidoptera. Section 2. Cosmopterigidae through Hepialidae. Tech. Bull. Maine agric. Exp. Stn 114. x + 70 pp.
Busck, A. 1904. Tineid moths from British Columbia, with descriptions of new species. Proc. U.S. natn. Mus. 27: 745778.
Busck, A. 1907. New genera and species of American Microlepidoptera. J. N.Y. ent. Soc. 15: 134140.
Busck, A. 1909. Notes on Microlepidoptera, with descriptions of new North American species. Proc. ent. Soc. Wash. 11: 87103.
Chambers, V.T. 1873. Micro-lepidoptera. Can. Ent. 5: 229232.
Chambers, V.T. 1874. Micro-lepidoptera. Can. Ent. 6: 811.
Chambers, V.T. 1875. Tineina from Texas. Can. Ent. 7: 712, 51–56 and 92–95.
Chambers, V.T. 1878 a. Descriptions of new Tineina from Texas, and others from more northern localities. Bull. U.S. geol. geogr. Surv. Territ. 4: 79106.
Chambers, V.T. 1878 b. Tineina and their food-plants. Bull. U.S. geol. geogr. Surv. Territ. 4: 107123.
Chambers, V.T. 1878 c. Index to the described Tineina of the United States and Canada. Bull. U.S. geol. geogr. Surv. Territ. 4: 125167.
Chambers, V.T. 1880. Descriptions of some new Tineina with notes on a few old species. J. Cincinn. Soc. nat. Hist. 2: 179194.
Clarke, J.F.G. 1941 a. The preparation of slides of the genitalia of Lepidoptera. Bull. Brooklyn ent. Soc. 36: 149161.
Clarke, J.F.G. 1941 b. Revision of the North American moths of the family Oecophoridae, with descriptions of new genera and species. Proc. U.S. Natn. Mus. 90: 33286, 48 pls.
Clarke, J.F.G. 1955. Catalogue of the type specimens of Microlepidoptera in the British Museum (Natural History) described by Edward Meyrick, vol. 1. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), London, v + 332 pp.
Clarke, J.F.G. 1965. Catalogue of the type specimens of Microlepidoptera in the British Museum (Natural History) described by Edward Meyrick, vol. 5. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), London. 581 pp., 283 pls.
Clemens, B. 1860. Contributions to American Lepidopterology - No. 41. Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad. 1860: 156174.
Common, I.F.B. 1970. Lepidoptera (Moths and Butterflies), pp. 765866 in Waterhouse, D.F., The Insects of Australia. Melbourne University Press, Carlton.
Common, I.F.B. 1974. Lepidoptera (Moths and Butterflies), pp. 98107 in Waterhouse, D.F., The Insects of Australia, Supplement 1974. Melbourne University Press, Carlton.
Common, I.F.B. 1980. The systematic position of Hypertropha (Lepidoptera) and related Australian genera. Entomologica scand. 11: 1731.
Cumming, J.M., and Leggett, F.L.. 1985. Cephalic foveae of eumenine wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). J. Nat. Hist. 19: 11971207.
Covell, C.V. Jr., 1984. A field Guide to the Moths of Eastern America. The Peterson Field Guide Series, Houghton Mifflin, Boston. 496 pp., 64 pls.
Dang, P.T. 1990. Redefinition of the tribe Bactrini Falkovitsh and revised status of genera Taniva Heinrich and Huida Heinrich (Tortricidae: Olethreutinae). J. Lepid. Soc. 44: 7787.
Davis, D.R. 1975. A review of the West Indian moths of the family Psychidae with descriptions of new taxa and immature stages. Smithson. Contr. Zool. no. 188. 66 pp.
Davis, D.R. 1978 a. The North American moths of the genera Phaeoses, Opogona, and Oinophila, with a discussion of their supergeneric affinities (Lepidoptera: Tineidae). Smithson. Contr. Zool. no. 282. 39 pp.
Davis, D.R. 1978 b. A revision of the North American moths of the superfamily Eriocranioidea with the proposal of a new family, Acanthopteroctetidae (Lepidoptera). Smithson. Contr. Zool. no. 251. 131 pp.
Davis, D.R. 1986. A new family of monotrysian moths from Austral South America (Lepidoptera: Palaephatidae), with a phylogenetic review of the Monotrysia. Smithson. Contr. Zool. no. 434. 202 pp.
Davis, D.R. 1989. Generic Revision of the Opostegidae, with a Synoptic Catalog of the World's Species (Lepidoptera: Nepticuloidea). Smithson. Contr. Zool. no. 478. 97 pp.
[Denis, J.N.C.M., and Schiffermüller, I..] 1775. Ankündung [sic] eines systematische Verzeichniss von den Schmetterlingen der Wienergegend herausgegeben von einigen Lehren am k.k. Theresianum. Augustin Bernardi, Wien. 323 pp., 2 pls.
Desmarest, E. [1857]. Papillons nocturnes. In Chénu, J.C., Encyclopédie d'histoire naturelle, Papillons, vol. 2. Paris, Marescq et Compagnie. 312 pp., 40 pls.
Diakonoff, A. 1955. Microlepidoptera of New Guinea. Results of the Third Archbold Expedition (American-Netherlands Indian Expedition 1938–1939). Part V. Verh. K. ned. Akad. Wet. 50: 1210.
Dugdale, J.S. 1974. Female genital configuration in the classification of Lepidoptera. New Zealand J. Zool. 1: 127146.
Duponchel, P.-A.-J. 1845 [18441846]. Catalogue méthodique des Lépidoptères d'Europe. Méquignon-Marvis, Paris, xxx + 518 pp. (i–viii + 1–64, 1844; 65–296, 1845; ix–xxx, 297–523, 1846).
Dyar, H.G. 1902 [1903]. A list of North American Lepidoptera and key to the literature of this order of insects. Bull. U.S. natn. Mus. no. 52. 723 pp.
Fabricius, J.C. 1775. Systema entomologiae, sistens insectorum classes, ordines, genera, species, adiectis synonymis, locis, descriptionibus, observationibus. Officina Libraria Kortii, Flensburg and Leipzig, xxxi + 832 pp.
Fabricius, J.C. 1777. Genera insectorum eorumque characteres naturales secundum numerum, figurum, situm et pro-portionem. Litteris Mich. Friedr. Bartschii, Chilonii [Cologne], xvi + 310 pp.
Falkovitsh, M.I. 1981. Scythrididae. pp. 445478 in Medvedeva, G.S. (ed.), Opredelite' nasekombykh evropeiskoi chjasti SS.R. Tom IV: Csheshuekrylye, Vtoraja tjast. [In Russian. Key to the Insects of the European part of the U.S.R. Volume IV: Microlepidoptera, second part]. Leningrad.
Fletcher, T.B. 1920. Life-histories of Indian insects Microlepidoptera. V. Heliozelidae, Heliodinidae, Glyphipterygidae [sic], Blastobasidae and Hyponomeutidae. Mem. Dep. Agric. India Ent. Ser. 6(5): 117135, 6 pls.
Fletcher, T.B. 1929. A list of the generic names used for Microlepidoptera. Mem. Dep. Agric. India, Ent. Ser. 11. ix + 246 pp.
Fletcher, T.B. 1933. Life histories of Indian Microlepidoptera (Second Series). Cosmopterygidae [sic] to Neopseustidae. Sci Monogr. Imp. Coucn. Agric. Res. Delhi no 4. 85 pp., 77 pls.
Forbes, W.T.M. 1923. The Lepidoptera of New York and Neighboring States. Mem. Cornell Univ. agric. Exp. Stn no. 68. Cornell University, Ithaca. 729 pp.
Gibeaux, C. 1985. Scythris elegantella (Lucas, 1955), comb, nov., =Scythris limbelloides Jäckh, 1977, syn. nov. Alexanor 14: 2223.
Godart, J.-B. 1824. Histoire naturelle des Lépidoptères ou Papillons de France 5. Paris. 300 pp., pls. 41–71.
Gozmány, L. 1952. New Middle-European Microlepidoptera. Acta biol. hung. 3: 379386.
Gozmány, L. 1957. Notes on the Generic Group Symmoca Hbn. (Lep. Gelechiidae). Annls hist.-nat. Mus. natn. hung. 8 (ser. nov.): 325346.
Gozmány, L. 1959. The Results of the Zoological Collecting Trip to Egypt in 1957, of the Natural History Museum, Budapest. 6. Egyptian Microlepidoptera. Part I. Annls hist.-nat. Mus. natn. hung. 51: 363370.
Gozmány, L. 1967. The family Holcopogonidae fam. nov. (Lepidoptera) and its constituent taxa. Acta Zool. hung. 13: 271278.
Gozmány, L. 1978. Lecithoceridae. In: Amsel, H.G., Gregor, F. and Reisser, H. (eds.), Microlepidoptera Palaearctica, part 5. Verlag Georg Fromme & Co., Vienna, xxviii + 306 pp., 93 pls.
Hannemann, H.J. 1960. Zur Kenntnis der Scythris-Arten. Mitt. dt. ent. Ges. 19: 8487.
Haworth, A.H. 1828 (18031828). Lepidoptera Britannica. J. Murray, London, xxxvi + 609 pp (part 4, 1928, pp. 512–609).
Hecht, M.K., and Edwards, J.L.. 1977. The methodology of phylogenetic inference above the species level. pp. 351 in Hecht, M.K., Goody, P.C. and Hecht, B.M. (eds.), Major Patterns in Vertebrate Evolution. N.T. Advanced Study Institute Series A, Vol. 14. Plenum Press, New York.
Heinemann, H. von., and Wocke, M.F.. 1876. Die Schmetterlinge Deutschlands und der Schweiz. 2. Abt. Kleinschmetterlinge. Braunschweig, vi + 825 + 102 pp.
Hemming, F. 1937. Hübner. A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frolich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schaffer. Vol. 1. Royal Entomological Society of London, London, xxxiv + 605 pp.
Hennig, W. 1966. Phylogenetics systematics. University of Illinois Press, Urbana, xiii + 263 pp.
Heppner, J.B., and Lamas, G.. 1982. Acronyms for world museum collections of insects, with an emphasis on Neotropical Lepidoptera. Bull. ent. Soc. Am. 28: 305315.
Hering, M. 1918. Zur Biologie und systematischen Stellung von Scythris temperatella Led. Dt. ent. Z. Iris 32: 122129.
Herrich-Schaffer, G.A.W. 1856 [18531856]. Systematische Bearbeitung der Schmetterlinge von Europa, zugleich als text, revision und supplement zu Jakob Hübners Sammlung europaischer Schmetterlinge. Vol. 6. Sechster und letzter Band. G.J. Manz, Regensburg. [For dates of publications of various sets of pages and of the index of this work, see p. 589 in Hemming F., 1937].
Heydenreich, G. 1851. Lepidopterorum Europaeorum Catalogus Methodicus (Systematisches Verzeichniss der Europaeischen Schmetterlinge). Verlag von Julius Klinkhardt, Leipzig. 130 pp.
Hodges, R.W. 1971. Sphingoidea. In Dominick, R.B. et al. , The Moths of North America North of Mexico, fascicle 21. E.W. Classey Ltd. and R.B.D. Publications Inc., London. 158 pp. + xii, 14 pls.
Hodges, R.W. 1974. Gelechioidea (in part): Oecophoridae. In Dominick, R.B. et al. , The Moths of North America North of Mexico, fascicle 6.2. E.W. Classey Ltd. and R.B.D. Publications Inc., London. 142 pp. + x, 7 pls.
Hodges, R.W. 1978. Gelechioidea (in part): Cosmopterigidae. In Dominick, R.B. et al. , The Moths of North America North of Mexico, fascicle 6.1. E.W. Classey Ltd. and The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation, London. 166 pp. + x, 6 pls.
Hodges, R.W. 1983. Scythrididae. p. 19 in Hodges, et al. (eds.), Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico. E.W. Classey Ltd. and Wedge Entomological Research Foundation, London.
Hodges, R.W. 1986. Gelechioidea: Gelechiidae (in part). In Dominick, R.B. et al. , The Moths of America North of Mexico, fascicle 7.1. The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation, Washington. 195 pp. + xiii, 38 pls.
Hofmann, O. 1888. Beitrage zur Kenntnis der Butaliden. Stettin, ent. Ztg 49: 335347.
Horak, M. 1984. Assessment of taxonomically significant structures in Tortricinae (Lep., Tortricidae). Mitt. Schweiz, ent. Ges. 57: 364.
Hübner, J. [17961836]. Sammlung europaïscher Schmetterlinge. 8. Augsburg. 71 pls.
Hübner, J. [1817]. Sammlung europaïscher Schmetterlinge. 8. Plate 66 [date of publication of the plate as determined by Hemming (1937)]. Augsburg.
Hübner, J. [1825] (1816–[1826]). Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge [sic]. Verfasser zur Finden. Augsburg. 431 pp. + 72 pp of index (numbered separately 1–72) [the date of publication of “signatures” 20–27, pp. 305–131 is 1825 as determined by Hemming (1937)].
Inoue, H., Sugi, S., Kuroko, H., Moriuti, S., and Kawabe, A.. 1982. Moths of Japan. Vol. 1: Text [in Japanese]. Kodansha, Tokyo. 966 pp.
Jäckh, E. 1977 a. Bearbeitung der Gattung Scythris Hübner (Lepidoptera, Scythrididae). 1. Die “grandipennis-Gruppe”. Dt. ent. Z. 24: 261271, 11 pls.
Jäckh, E. 1977 b. Bearbeitung der Gattung Scythris Hübner (Lepidoptera, Scythridae). 2. Eine neue Scythris-Art aus Spanien: Scythris limbelloides n. sp. Z. Arbgem. öst. Ent. 29: 8184.
Jäckh, E. 1978 a. Bearbeitung der Gattung Scythris Hübner (Lepidoptera, Scythrididae). 3. Arten mit einer weissen Längstrieme. Dt. ent. Z. 25: 7189, 21 pls.
Jäckh, E. 1978 b. Bearbeitung der Gattung Scythris Hübner (Lepidoptera, Scythrididae). 4. Unbeschriebene Arten aus Italien. Boll. Mus. civ. Stor. nat. Verona 5: 114 + 5 pls.
Joannis, J. de. 1920. Remarques sur la définition du genre Scythris (Hb.) (Lep.). Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 10: 170173.
Karsholt, O., and Nielsen, E.S.. 1976. Nemapogon wolffiella nom. nov. for N. albipunctella (Haworth) and Scythris empetrella nom. nov. for S. variella (Stephens) (Lepidoptera: Tineidae and Scythrididae). Entomologica scand. 7: 151152.
Karsholt, O., and Nielsen, E.S.. 1986. The Lepidoptera described by C.P. Thunberg. Entomologica scand. 16: 433463.
Kearfott, W.D. 1907. New Micro-Lepidoptera. Can. Ent. 39: 19.
Keifer, H.H. 1937. California Microlepidoptera XI. Calif. Dept. Agric. Month. Bull. 26: 177203.
Kirby, W.F. 1881. Zoological Records (1879) 16 (Inserta): 188.
Kloet, G.S., and Hincks, W.D.. 1972. A check list of British insects (second edition). Part 2: Lepidoptera. Royal Entomological Society, London, viii + 153 pp.
Klots, A.B. 1970. Lepidoptera. pp. 115139 in Tuxen, S.L. (ed.), Taxonomist's Glossary of Genitalia in Insects. Munksgaard, Copenhagen.
Kristensen, N.P. 1968. The skeletal anatomy of the heads of adult Mnesarchaeidae and Neopseustidae (Lep., Dacnonypha). Ent. Meddr. 36: 137151.
Kuznetsov, V.I., and Stekolnikov, A.A.. 1978. The systematic position and phylogenetic relationships of the superfamily Coleophoroidea (Lepidoptera: Oecophoridae, Coleophoridae, Ethmiidae) as revealed by the functional morphology of the male genitalia. Ent. Rev. 57: 91103.
Kuznetsov, V.I., and Stekolnikov, A.A.. 1984. Classification and phylogenetic relationships of the families and superfamilies of the Gelechioid moths (Lepidoptera, Papilionomorpha: Copromorphoidea, Elachistoidea, Coleophoroidea, Gelechioidea) with regard of functional morphology of the male genitalia. Trudy zool. Inst. Leningr. 122: 368. [In Russian].
Kyrki, J. 1983. Adult abdominal sternum II in ditrysian tineoid superfamilies morphology and phylogenetic significance (Lepidoptera). Ann. Ent. Fenn. 49: 8994.
Le Marchand, S. 1938. Scythris joannisella, nova species [Scythrididae]. Revue fr. Lépidopt. 9(8): 131136.
Le Marchand, S. 1947. Les Tineina Gelechiidae. Revue fr. Lépidopt. 11: 145: 163.
Leraut, P. 1980. Liste systématique et synonymique des Lépidoptères de France, Belgique et Corse. Alexanor suppl. Société entomologique de France, Paris. 334 pp.
Lesse, H., and Viette, P.. 1949. Expéditions polaires françaises (Missions Paul-Emile Victor), Campagne 1949 au Groenland. Zoologie - Première note: Microlépidoptères. Annls Soc. ent. Fr. 115: 8192.
Lhomme, L. 1949 [19351963]. Catalogue des Lépidoptères de France et de Belgique 2. Le Carriol, Douelle (Lot). 1253 pp. (1949, pp. 649–809).
Linnaeus, C. 1761. Fauna Suecica sistens Ammalia Sueciae Regni: Mammalia, Aves, Amphibia, Pisces, Inserta, Vermes. Stockholm, xlviii + 578 pp.
Mackay, M.R. 1972. Larval sketches of some Microlepidoptera, chiefly North American. Mem. ent. Soc. Can. 88. 83 pp.
Maddison, W.P., Donoghue, M.J., and Maddison, D.R.. 1984. Outgroup analysis and parsimony. Syst. Zool. 33(1): 83103.
Mann, J. 1871. Beschreibung drei neuer Kleinschmetterlinge. Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 21: 8082.
McDunnough, J. 1927. The Lepidoptera of the Seton Lake Region, British Columbia. Can. Ent. 59: 266277.
McDunnough, J. 1939. Check list of the Lepidoptera of Canada and the United States of America. Part II. Microlepidoptera. Mem. sth. Calif. Acad. Sci. 2. 171 pp.
McDunnough, J. 1942. Two undescribed Canadian Microlepidoptera. Can. Ent. 74: 224.
McDunnough, J. 1944. Notes on Chambers' coleophorid types in the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Mass. Can. Ent. 76:237241.
Meyrick, E. 1886 [1887]. Descriptions of new Lepidoptera. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. (2nd series) 1: 10371048.
Meyrick, E. 1894. Pre-occupied generic names in Lepidoptera. Entomologist's mon. Mag. 30: 230.
Meyrick, E. 1895. A handbook of British Lepidoptera. Macmillan & Co., London, vi + 843.
Meyrick, E. 1897. Descriptions of Australian Micro-Lepidoptera. XV.I. Elachistidae. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. 22: 297435.
Meyrick, E. 1913. Descriptions of South African Micro-Lepidoptera. Ann. Transv. Mus. 3: 267336.
Meyrick, E. 1914. Lepidoptera Heterocera. Fam. Heliodinidae. Fasc. 165 in Wytsman, P. (ed.), Genera Insectorum. V. Verteneuil & L. Desmet, Bruxelles. 29 pp + 2 col. pls.
Meyrick, E. 1916. Exot. Microlepidopt. 2: 132.
Meyrick, E. 1918. Exot. Microlepidopt. 2: 129160.
Meyrick, E. 1927. Exot. Microlepidopt. 3: 353384.
Meyrick, E. 1928 a. Exot. Microlepidopt. 3: 385–116.
Meyrick, E. 1928 b. A revised handbook of British Lepidoptera. Watkins and Doncaster, London, vi + 914 pp.
Minet, J. 1984. Contribution à l'analyse phylogénétique des Néolépidoptères (Lepidoptera, Glossata). Nouv. Revue Ent. 1: 139149.
Minet, J. 1986. Ébauche d'une classification moderne de l'ordre des Lépidoptères. Alexanor 14: 291313.
Minet, J. 1990. Remaniement partiel de la classification des Gelechioidea, essentiellement en fonction des caractères pré-imaginaux (Lepidoptera Ditrysia). Alexanor 16: 239255.
Mosher, E. 1916. A classification of the Lepidoptera based on characters of the pupa. Bull. Ill. St. Lab. nat. Hist. 12: 17159, 27 pls.
Munroe, E.G. 1979. Lepidoptera. pp. 427481 in Danks, H.V. (ed.), Canada and its insect fauna. Mem. ent. Soc. Can. 108. 573 pp.
Nieukerken, E.J. van. 1986. Systematics and phylogeny of Holarctic genera of Nepticulidae (Lepidoptera, Heteroneura: Monotrysia). Zool. Verh. Leiden 236. 93 pp.
O'Hara, J.E. 1982. Classification, phylogeny and zoogeography of the North American species of Siphona Meigen (Diptera: Tachinidae). Quaest. ent. 18: 261380.
Passerin d'Entrèves, P. 1974. Revisione degli Scitrididi (Lepidoptera, Scythrididae) paleartici. I. Le specie di Scythris decritte da A. Constant e P. Millière. Boll. Mus. Zool. Univ. Torino 1974: 4556.
Passerin d'Entrèves, P. 1976. Revisione degli Scitrididi (Lepidoptera, Scythrididae) paleartici. IL I tipi di Scythris del Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle di Parigi. Boll. Mus. Zool. Univ. Torino 1976: 2770.
Passerin d'Entrèves, P. 1977. Revisione degli Scitrididi (Lepidoptera, Scythrididae) paleartici. I.I. Le specie di Scythris descritte da H.G. Amsel, J. Klimesch, J. Müller-Rutz e A. Rössler. Boll. Mus. Zool. Univ. Torino 1977: 5776.
Passerin d'Entrèves, P. 1979. Revisione degli Scitrididi (Lepidoptera, Scythrididae) paleartici. IV. I tipi di Scythris dell'Insanito Espanol de Entomologia di Madrid. Boll. Mus. Zool. Univ. Torino 1979: 8390.
Passerin d'Entrèves, P. 1980. Revisione degli Scitrididi (Lepidoptera, Scythrididae) paleartici. V. I tipi di Scythris del Naturhistorisches Museum di Vienna. Boll. Mus. Zool. Univ. Torino 1980: 4160.
Passerin d'Entrèves, P. 1983. Anmerkungen zu einigen palaearktischen Scythrididen (Lepidoptera, Scythrididae) und Beschrei bung einer neuen Art der Gattung Scythris. Andrias 3: 2532.
Passerin d'Entrèves, P. 1985. Il genere Enolmis Duponchel (Lepidoptera, Scythrididae): sistematica, ipotesi filogenetiche e note biogeografiche. Atti Congresso naz. ital. Ent. 1985: 261265.
Passerin d'Entrèves, P. 1986. Lepidoptera: Fam. Scythrididae of Saudi Arabia (Part 1). pp. 256261 in Fauna of Saudi Arabia 8:256–261.
Passerin d'Entrèves, P. and Zuzino, M. 1988. Il genera Episcythris Amsel (Lepidoptera, Scythrididae): Sistematica, ipotesi filogenetiche e note biogeografiche. Atti Congresso naz. ital. Ent. 1988: 287293.
Pitkin, L.M. 1986. A technique for the preparation of complex male genitalia in Microlepidoptera. Entomologist's Gaz. 37: 173179.
Powell, J.A. 1973. A Systematic Monograph of New World Ethmiid Moths (Lepidoptera: Gelechioidea). Smithson. Contr. Zool. no. 10. 302 pp.
Powell, J.A. 1976. A remarkable new genus of brachypterous moth from coastal sand dunes in California (Lepidoptera: Gelechioidea, Scythrididae). Ann. ent. Soc. Am. 69: 325339.
Powell, J.A. 1980. Evolution of larval food preferences in Microlepidoptera. A. Rev. Ent. 25: 133159.
Powell, J. A., and Hogue, C. L.. 1978. California insects. University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles. 388 pp. + 16 col. pls.
Ragonot, E.L. 1874. Microlépidoptères nouveaux ou peu connus, ire partie: Tineina. Ann. Soc. ent. Fr. 5(4): 570604, 1 pl.
Rebel, H. 1901. Farmi. Pyralidae - Micropterygidae. Part 2 in Staudinger, O. and Rebel, H., Catalog der Lepidopteren des Palaearctischen Faunengebietes. R. Friedlander & Sohn, Berlin. 268 pp.
Reutti, C. 1853. Lepidopteren-Fauna von Baden. Freiburg, [not seen; cited in Zeller (1855)].
Robinson, G.S. 1976. The preparation of slides of Lepidoptera genitalia with special reference to the Microlepidoptera. Entomologist's Gaz. 27: 127132.
Robinson, G.S. 1988. A phylogeny for the Tineoidea (Lepidoptera). Ent. Scand. 19: 117129.
Sattler, K. 1967. Ethmiidae. Part 2 in Amsel, H.G., Gregor, F. and Reisser, H. (eds.), Microlepidoptera Palaearctica. Verlag Georg Fromme & Co., Vienna, xvi + 185 pp., 106 pls.
Sattler, K. 1971. On Scythris sinensis (Felder & Rogenhofer) and S. chrysopygella Caradja (Lepidoptera, Scythrididae). Reichenbachia 14: 3945.
Sattler, K. 1973. A catalogue of the family-group and genus-group names of the Gelechiidae, Holcopogonidae, Lecithoceridae and Symmocidae (Lepidoptera). Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28: 155282.
Sattler, K. 1979. A taxonomic revision of the genus Deltophora Janse, 1959 (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 38: 263322.
Sattler, K. 1981. Scythris inspersella (Huebner, [1817]) new to the British Fauna (Lepidoptera: Scythrididae). Ento mologist's Gaz. 32: 1317.
Schütze, L. 1897. Mittheilungen über einige Kleinschmetterlinge. Stettin, ent. Ztg 58: 299314.
Scoble, M.J. 1983. A revised cladistic classification of the Nepticulidae (Lepidoptera) with descriptions of new taxa mainly from South Africa. Transv. Mus. Monogr. 2. 105 pp.
Scopoli, J.A. 1763. Entomologia carniolica exhibens insecta carnioliae indigena et distributa in ordines, genera, species, varietates. Methodo linnaeana. J.T. Trattner, Vindobonae. 420 pp. + unnumbered pages.
Sheppard, A.C. 1970. Palaearctic Lepidoptera new to the Province of Quebec. Ann. ent Soc. Queb. 15: 1416.
Sheppard, A.C. 1974. Palaearctic Lepidoptera in the Province of Quebec. Ann. ent. Soc. Queb. 19: 119120.
Smith, J.B. 1891. List of Lepidoptera of Boreal America. American Entomological Society, Philadelphia. 124 pp.
Smith, J.B. 1903. Check List of Lepidoptera of Boreal America. American Entomological Society, Philadelphia. 135 pp.
Smithe, F.B. 1975. Naturalist's Color Guide. The American Museum of Natural History, New York. 11 pp.
Sodoffsky, W. 1837. Etymologische Untersuchungen ueber die Gattungsnamen der Schmetterlinge. Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou 10: 7697.
Spuler, A. 1910. Die Schmetterlinge Europas 2. E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlarsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart. 523 pp.
Stainton, H.T. 1872. The Tineina of North America, by (the late) Dr. Brackenridge Clemens, (being a collected edition of his writings on that group of insects) with notes by the editor, H.T. Stainton. John van Voorst, Paternoster Row, London, xv + 282 pp.
Staudinger, O. 1859. Diagnosen nebst kurzen Beschreibungen neuer andalusischer Lepidopteren. Stettin, ent. Ztg 20: 213259.
Staudinger, O. 1879. Lepidopteren-Fauna Kleinasien's. Home Soc. ent. ross. 15: 159435.
Staudinger, O., and Wocke, M.. 1871. Catalog der Lepidopteren des europaeischen Faunengebeits. Dresden. xxxviii + 426 pp.
Stephens, J.F. 1834. Illustrations of British Entomology (Haustellata) 4. Baldwin and Cradock, London. 433 pp., 9 pls.
Stehr, F.W. 1987. Superfamily Gelechioidea. pp. 379399 in Stehr, F.W. (ed.), Immature Insects. Kendall Hunt, Dubuque (Iowa).
Thunberg, C.P. 1794. D.D. Dissertatio entomologica sistens Insecta svecica 7: 8398, 1 pl. Joh. Fred. Edman, Upsaliae.
Torre-Bueno, J.R. de la. 1978. A glossary of entomology. New York Entomological Society, New York. 336 pp. + 9 pls. + 36 pp. suppl.
Traugott-Olsen, E., and Nielsen, E.S.. 1977. The Elachistidae (Lepidoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Fauna entomologica scand. 6. 299 pp.
Treitschke, F. 1833. Die Schmetterlinge von Europa 9 (2). G. Fleischer dem Jüngen, Leipzig. 294 pp.
Turner, A.J. 1941. A revision of the Australian Heliodinidae (Lepidoptera). Trans. R. Soc. S. Aust. 65: 1427.
Vari, L., and Kroon, D.. 1986. Southern African Lepidoptera. A series of cross-referenced indices. The Lepidopterists' Society of Southern Africa and The Transvaal Museum, Pretoria, x + 198 pp.
Viette, P.E.L. 1956. Tineoidea (s.l.) nouveaux ou peu connus de Madagascar (Lepidoptera). Boll. Lab. Zool. gen. agr. Portici 23: 460472.
Villers, C. de. 1789. Caroli Linnaei Entomologia, Faunae Suecicae descriptionibus aucta; [etc.]. Vol. 2. Piestre & Delamolliere, Lugduni. xvi + 656 pp., 8 pls.
Vives Moreno, A. 1983. La hembra de Heringita heringi Agenjo, 1953 y consideraciones sobre su nuevo estatus familiar (Lepidoptera: Holcopogonidae). Shilap Revta. lepid. 11: 275277.
Vives Moreno, A. 1984. Lista actualizada de la familia Scythrididae Rebel, 1901, de Espana y Portugal. Shilap Revta. lepid. 12: 109113.
Walker, F. 1864. Tineites. List of the Specimens of lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum 29, pp. 563835. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), London.
Walsingham, Lord T. de G. 1881. On the Tortricidae, Tineidae and Pterophoridae of South Africa. Trans. R. ent. Soc. Lond. 1881: 219288.
Walsingham, Lord T. de G. 1888. Steps towards a revision of Chambers's Index, with notes and descriptions of new species. Insect Life 1: 113117.
Walsingham, Lord T. de G. 1889. Monograph of the genera connecting Tinaegeria, Wlk., with Eretmocera, Z. Trans. R. ent. Soc. Lond. 1889: 1–40.
Walsingham, Lord T. de G. 1895. Pre-occupied names and genera in the Microlepidoptera. Entomologist's mon. Mag. 31: 4043.
Walsingham, Lord T. de G. 1897. Revision of the West-Indian Micro-Lepidoptera, with descriptions of new species. Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1897: 54183.
Walsingham, Lord T. de G. 1907 a. Algerian Microlepidoptera. Entomologist's mon. Mag. 43: 5558.
Walsingham, Lord T. de G. 1907 b. Microlepidoptera. Fauna hawaii. 1: 469759 + col. pls. 10–25.
Walsingham, Lord T. de G. 1914 (19091915). Tineina, Pterophorina, Orneodina, Pyralidina and Hepialina (part). Biologia Cent.- Am., Zool. Lepid.-Heterocera 4. xii + 482 pp., figs. 1–30, colored pls. 1–10 (pages 1–24, 1909; 25–8, 1910; 49–112, 1911; 113–168, 1912; 169–224, 1913; 225–392, 1914; 393–182, 1915).
Walsingham, Lord T. de G., and Durrant, J.H.. 1909. Revision of the nomenclature of Microlepidoptera. Entomologist's mon. Mag. 45: 4652.
Watrous, L.E., and Wheeler, Q.D.. 1981. The out-group comparison method of character analysis. Syst. Zool. 30: 111.
Watson, A., and Whalley, P.E.S.. 1983. The dictionary of butterflies and moths in colour. Peerage Books, London, xiv + 296 pp.
Wiley, E.O. 1981. Phylogenetics. The theory and practice of phylogenetic systematics. John Wiley and Sons, New York, xv + 439 pp.
Wocke, M. 1861. In Staudinger, O. and Wocke, M. Catalog der Lepidopteren Europa's und der Angrenzenden Lander. II. Microlepidoptera. Dresden, Hermann Bundach. xvi + 192 pp.
Wolff, N.L. 1964. The Lepidoptera of Greenland. Meddr. Grønland 159. 74 pp., 21 pls.
Yasuda, T. 1972. The Tortricinae and Sparganothinae of Japan (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Bull. Univ. Osaka Prefect. 24: 53134.
Zander, E. 1905. Der männliche Genitalapparat der Butaliden. Z. wiss. Zool. 79: 308323.
Zeller, P.C. 1839. Versuch einer naturgemassen Eintheilung der Schaben. Isis 23(3): 167220.
Zeller, P.C. 1843. Nachricht über eine lepidopterologische Excursion von Wien aus in die Steyrischen Alpen. Stettin. ent. Ztg 4: 144151.
Zeller, P.C. 1852. Lepidoptera Microptera quae J.A. Wahlberg in Caffrorum Terra collegit. Stockholm. 120 pp. [only copies of pp. 96–97 seen].
Zeller, P.C. 1855. Die Arten der Gattung Butalis beschrieben. Linn. ent. 10: 169267, 2 pls [in the original, page 169 is misprinted “196”].
Zeller, P.C. 1870. Lepidopterologische Ergebnisse vom Jahr 1869. Stettin, ent. Ztg 31: 299315.
Zeller, P.C. 1873. Beiträge zur Kenntniss nordamericanischen Nachtfalter, besonders der Microlepidopteren. Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 23: 201334 [1–134 in the reprint], pls. 3–4.
Zimmerman, E.C. 1978. Microlepidoptera. Insects of Hawaii, vol. 9. The University Press of Hawaii, Honolulu. xviii + 1903 pp.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed