Skip to main content Accesibility Help

Dissipative application of lithium – lost for the future?

  • S. Ziemann (a1), L. Schebek (a1) and M. Weil (a1) (a2)

In recent years, lithium received increasing attention as lithium-ion rechargeable batteries appear to be the most promising candidates for future electric vehicles. Several studies forecast a strong increase in demand most likely brought about with the implementation of lithium-ion batteries in the automotive sector. Thus, the availability of lithium could be an important constraint for this emerging technology. Concerning lithium availability the future developments of supply and demand as well as the recycling potential play major roles. In respect of recycling it has to be distinguished in general between dissipative and non-dissipative applications. As several studies (e.g. 1 G. Angerer, F. Marscheider-Weidemann, M. Wendl, M. Wietschel, Raw materials for emerging technologies: the case of lithium, Karlsuhe 2009) predict lithium recycling to play an important role for future lithium availability the recyclability of lithium in different applications has to be analysed for estimating the contribution of lithium recycling to future supply.

Hide All
[1] G. Angerer, F. Marscheider-Weidemann, M. Wendl, M. Wietschel, Raw materials for emerging technologies : the case of lithium, Karlsruhe 2009
[2] M. Weil, S. Ziemann, L. Schebek, Lithium, a strategic metal for emerging technologies – scarce or abundant? R’09 Twin World Congress 14-16 September, Davos, 2009
[3] D. Miller, Outlook for the Lithium Industry. Industrial Minerals Conference 21-22 October, Toronto, 2008
[4] USGS, Lithium. Mineral Commodity Summaries 2009. US Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, 2009
[5] S. Ziemann, M. Weil, L. Schebek, Availability of lithium – analysis of potential drivers of lithium flows and their impacts on future supply. KIT-Workshop : Systemanalyse für elektrochemische Speicher 14-15 December, Karlsruhe, 2009
[6] P.H. Brunner, H. Rechberger, Practical handbook of material flow analysis, Boca Raton, Fla, 2004
[7] USGS, Lithium. 2007 Minerals Yearbook. US Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, 2008
[8] RMG (Raw Materials Group Sweden), Personal correspondence, April, 2009
[9] Dewulf, J., van der Vorst, G., Denturck, K., van Langenhove, H., Ghyoot, W., Tytgat, J., Vandeputte, K., Res. Conserv. Recycling 54 (2010) 229-234
[10] USGS, Columbium (Niobium) Recycling in the United States in 1998. US Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, 1998
[11] BD (Business Dictionary) :, April, 2010
[12] Xu, J., J Power Sources 177 (2008) 512-527
[13] BV Glas (Bundesverband Glasindustrie e.V.), Glas und Nachhaltigkeit : Aus alt wird neu – das Glas-Recycling, Düsseldorf, 2010
[14] D.E. Garret, Handbook of Lithium and natural Calcium Chloride : Their deposits, processing, using and properties, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2004
[15] Weil, M., Ziemann, S., Schebek, L., Revue de Métallurgie 106 (2009) 554-558
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Metallurgical Research & Technology
  • ISSN: 0035-1563
  • EISSN: 1156-3141
  • URL: /core/journals/metallurgical-research-and-technology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed