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Meteoric iron and silica-glass from the meteorite craters of Henbury (Central Australia) and Wabar (Arabia)

  • L. J. Spencer (a1)
Extract

The study of the materials from these two recently discovered occurrences has added much to the knowledge of meteorite craters. The two present many points in common and they supplement one another. At Henbury there is a much better development of the meteoric iron, while at Wabar the silica-glass predominates.

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page 387 note Spencer, L. J., Meteorite craters. Nature, London, 1932, vol. 129, pp. 781-784, 5 figs. Meteorite craters as topographical features on the earth's surface. Geogr. Journ. London, 1933, vol. 81, pp. 227-248, 4 pls., 3 text-figs. [Min. Abstr., vol. 5, p. 301.]

page 387 note 2 Alderman, A. R., The meteorite craters at Henbury, Central Australia. Min. Mag., 1932, vol. 23, pp. 19-30, 3 pls., 3 text-figs. With addendum by L. J. Spencer, pp. 30-32.

page 388 note 1 Philby, H. St. J. B., Rub' al Khali : an account of exploration in the Great South Desert of Arabia... Geogr. Journ. London, 1933, vol. 81, pp. 1-26 (Meteorite craters mentioned, pp. 12-14, 24-25, plates at pp. 7 and 10); and Journ. Roy. Central Asian Soc. London, 1932, vol. 19, pp. 569-586. See also his book 'The Empty Quarter', London (Constable & Co.), 1933, pp. 157-180, 6 pls., with appendix ' Meteorites and fulgurites' by L. J. Spencer, pp. 365-370.

page 388 note 2 A photograph of the 25 lb. mass is reproduced in Mr. Philby's book ' The :Empty Quarter ', fig. 14 a.

page 389 note 1 Alderman, A. R., The Henbury (Central Australia) meteoric iron. Rec. South Australian Museum, 1932, vol. 4, pp. 555-563 , 9 figs. [Min. Abstr., vol. 5, p. 159.]

page 389 note 2 See fig. 11 ; on another specimen there are poor indications of an octahedral fracture

page 389 note 3 An etched sphere of meteoric iron has been described and figured by Goldschmidt, V., Zeits. Kryst. Min., 1909, vol. 46, p. 193 , where he mentioned that the same had been previously done, but not published, by K. Vrba in Praha.

page 391 note 1 Palache, C. and Gonyer, F. A., Amer. Min., 1932, vol. 17, p. 357. [M.A. 5-1583]

page 391 note 2 Heide, F., Herschkowitseh, E., and Preuss, E., Chemie der Erde, 1932, vol. 7, pp. 484-485. [M.A. 5-300.]

page 391 note 3 No. 13 on A. R. Alderman's plan, this vol., p. 21.

page 397 note 1 A micro-section of the piece of white glass analysed showed none of the metallic spheres

page 398 note 1 Geogr. Journ. London, 1933, vol. 81, pp. 10, 234, and ' The Empty Quarter ', p. 180.

page 400 note 1 Pictures of such craters are given in the general article on meteorite craters in Geogr. Journ. London, 1933, vol. 81, plates facing pp. 231, 235.

page 401 note 1 Rogers, A. F., A unique occurrence of lechatelierite or silica glass. Amer. Journ. Sci. 1930, ser. 5, vol. 19, pp. 195-202. [Min. Abstr., 5-16.]

page 401 note 2 See map in this vol., p. 335, copied from Mr. Philby's map in Geogr. Journ. London, January 1933, vol. 81.

page 401 note 3 Campbell Smith, W., A new meteoric stone from Suwahib, Arabia. Min. Mag., 1932, vol. 23, pp. 43-50 ; Meteoric stones from Suwahib, Arabia. Ibid., 1933, vol. 23, pp. 334-336.

page 402 note 1 Fletcher, L., On a meteoric iron seen to fall in the district of Nejed, Central Arabia, in the year 1863. Min. Mag., 1887, vol. 7, pp. 179-182 .

page 402 note 2 Details in Philby's book, H. St. J. B. ' The Empty Quarter ', London, 1933, p. 179 .

page 402 note 3 Thomas, Bertram, Geogr. Journ. London , September 1931 ; ' Arabia Felix ', London, 1932

page 402 note 4 See Philby, H. St. J. B., Journ. Roy. Central Asian Soc. London, 1932, vol. 19, p. 569 ; 1933, vol. 20, pp. 488, 495 ; and Bertram Thomas, ibid., 1933, vol. 20, pp. 259, 441,491.

page 404 note 1 See Spencer, L. J., Origin of tektites. Nature, London, 1933, vol. 131, pp. 117-118 , 876; Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris, 1933, vol. 196, pp. 710-712. |Min. Abstr., vol. 5, p. 304.]

With chemical analyses by M. H. Hey, B.A., B.Sc.

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Mineralogical Magazine
  • ISSN: 1876-1968
  • EISSN: 2515-821X
  • URL: /core/journals/mineralogical-magazine
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