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Crystal chemistry and nomenclature of rhodonite-group minerals

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 October 2019

Nadezhda V. Shchipalkina*
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991Moscow, Russia
Igor V. Pekov
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991Moscow, Russia
Nikita V. Chukanov
Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 142432 Chernogolovka, Moscow region, Russia
Cristian Biagioni
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Pisa, Via Santa Maria 53, 56126Pisa, Italy
Marco Pasero
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Pisa, Via Santa Maria 53, 56126Pisa, Italy
*Author for correspondence: Nadezhda V. Shchipalkina, Email:


This paper presents the nomenclature of the rhodonite group accepted by the Commission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification of the International Mineralogical Association (IMA). An overview of the previous studies of triclinic (space group P$\bar{1}$) pyroxenoids belonging to the rhodonite structure type, with a focus on their crystal chemistry, is given. These minerals have the general structural formula VIIM(5)VIM(1)VIM(2)VIM(3)VIM(4)[Si5O15]. The following dominant cations at the M sites are known at present: M(5) = Ca or Mn2+, M(1–3) = Mn2+; and M(4) = Mn2+ or Fe2+. In accordance with the nomenclature, the rhodonite group consists of three IMA-approved mineral species having the following the general chemical formulae: M(5)AM(1–3)B3M(4)C[Si5O15], where A = Ca or Mn2+; B = Mn2+; and C = Mn2+ or Fe2+. The end-member formulae of approved rhodonite-group minerals are as follows: rhodonite CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]; ferrorhodonite CaMn3Fe[Si5O15]; and vittinkiite MnMn3Mn[Si5O15].

Copyright © Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland 2019

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Associate Editor: Anthony R Kampf


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