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The Mesoarchean Amikoq Layered Complex of SW Greenland: Part 1. Constraints on the P–T evolution from igneous, metasomatic and metamorphic amphiboles

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 September 2020

Emil Aarestrup
Affiliation:
Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, Øster Voldgade 10, 1165 København K, Denmark
Taus R. C. Jørgensen
Affiliation:
Mineral Exploration Research Centre, Harquail School of Earth Sciences and Goodman School of Mines, Laurentian University, Sudbury, ON, Canada
Paul E.B. Armitage
Affiliation:
Mkango Resources Ltd, 550 Burrard Street, Suite 2900, Vancouver BC, Canada, V6C 0A3
Allen P. Nutman
Affiliation:
School of Earth, Atmospheric and Life Sciences, University of Wollongong, 2522, NSW, Australia
Ole Christiansen
Affiliation:
Kommune Kujalleq, Anders Olsensvej B 500, 3920 Qaqortoq, Greenland
Kristoffer Szilas
Affiliation:
Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, Øster Voldgade 10, 1165 København K, Denmark
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

The metamorphic history of the Mesoarchean Amikoq Layered Complex within the Akia terrane of SW Greenland was characterised by electron microprobe mineral data and detailed petrography on 12 representative samples, integrated with zircon U–Pb geochronology and petrology. The complex intruded into a >3004 Ma supracrustal association now consisting of granoblastic metabasites with subordinate quartz-rich gneiss. Supracrustal host rocks contain a relict high-temperature assemblage of orthopyroxene–clinopyroxene (± pigeonite exsolution lamellae, exsolved at ~975–1010°C), which is interpreted to pre-date the Amikoq intrusion. Cumulate to granoblastic-textured rocks of the main Amikoq Layered Complex range modally from leuconorite to melanorite, orthopyroxenite to harzburgite/dunite and rare hornblende melagabbro. Observed mineralogy of main complex noritic lithologies is essentially relict igneous with orthopyroxene–biotite and hornblende–plagioclase thermometers yielding temperatures of ~800–1070°C. An anatectic zircon megacryst from a patchy quartzo–feldspathic leucosome hosted in an orthopyroxene-dominated Amikoq rock reflects local anatexis at peak metamorphic P–T conditions and yields an intrusion minimum age of 3004 ± 9 Ma. Field observations indicate local anatexis of orthopyroxene-dominated lithologies, possibly indicating a post-intrusion peak temperature of >900°C. The last preserved stages of retrogression are recorded in paragneiss plagioclase–garnet, biotite–garnet and host rock ilmenite–magnetite pairs (≤3 kbar and ~380–560°C).

The Amikoq Complex intruded a MORB-like crustal section and the former remained relatively undisturbed in terms of modal mineralogy. Preservation of igneous textures and mineralogy are related to an anhydrous, high-grade metamorphic history that essentially mimics igneous crystallisation conditions, whereas local high-strain zones acted as fluid pathways resulting in hydrous breakdown of igneous minerals. There is no evidence of equilibration of the intrusion at sub-amphibolite-facies conditions.

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Copyright © The Author(s), 2020. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of The Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland

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Footnotes

Associate Editor: Thomas Mueller

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The Mesoarchean Amikoq Layered Complex of SW Greenland: Part 1. Constraints on the P–T evolution from igneous, metasomatic and metamorphic amphiboles
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