Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Rare-earth crystal chemistry of thalénite-(Y) from different environments

  • Markus B. Raschke (a1), Evan J. D. Anderson (a1), Jason Van Fosson (a2), Julien M. Allaz (a3), Joseph R. Smyth (a2), Radek Škoda (a4), Philip M. Persson (a5) and Randy Becker (a6)...
Abstract

Thalénite-(Y), ideally Y3Si3O10F, is a heavy-rare-earth-rich silicate phase occurring in granite pegmatites that may help to illustrate rare-earth element (REE) chemistry and behaviour in natural systems. The crystal structure and mineral chemistry of thalénite-(Y) were analysed by electron microprobe analysis, X-ray diffraction and micro-Raman spectroscopy from a new locality in the peralkaline granite of the Golden Horn batholith, Okanogan County, Washington State, USA, in comparison with new analyses from the White Cloud pegmatite in the Pikes Peak batholith, Colorado, USA. The Golden Horn thalénite-(Y) occurs as late-stage sub-millimetre euhedral bladed transparent crystals in small miarolitic cavities in an arfvedsonite-bearing biotite granite. It exhibits growth zoning with distinct heavy-rare-earth element (HREE) vs. light-rare-earth element (LREE) enriched zones. The White Cloud thalénite-(Y) occurs in two distinct anhedral and botryoidal crystal habits of mostly homogenous composition. In addition, minor secondary thalénite-(Y) is recognized by its distinct Yb-rich composition (up to 0.8 atoms per formula unit (apfu) Yb). Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis and structure refinement reveals Y-site ordering with preferential HREE occupation of Y2 vs. Y1 and Y3 REE sites. Chondrite normalization shows continuous enrichment of HREE in White Cloud thalénite-(Y), in contrast to Golden Horn thalénite-(Y) with a slight depletion of the heaviest REE (Tm, Yb and Lu). The results suggest a hydrothermal origin of the Golden Horn miarolitic thalénite-(Y), compared to a combination of both primary magmatic followed by hydrothermal processes responsible for the multiple generations over a range of spatial scales in White Cloud thalénite-(Y).

Copyright
Corresponding author
Footnotes
Hide All

Associate Editor: Stuart Mills

Footnotes
References
Hide All
Angel, R.J., Ross, N.L., Wood, I.G. and Woods, P.A. (1992) Single crystal X-ray diffraction at high pressures with diamond-anvil cells. Phase Transitions, 39, 1332.
Adams, J.W. and Sharp, W.H. (1972) Thalénite-(Y) and allanite derived from yttrofluorite in the White Cloud pegmatite, South Platte area, Colorado. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 800-C, 6369 pp. U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, USA.
Adams, J.W., Hildebrand, F.A. and Havens, R.G. (1962) Thalenite from Teller County, Colorado. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper, 450-D, 68 pp. U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, USA.
Armbruster, T., Bonazzi, P., Akasaka, M., Bermanec, V., Chopin, C., Gieré, R., Heuss-Assbichler, S., Liebscher, A., Menchetti, S., Pan, Y. and Pasero, M. (2006) Recommended nomenclature of epidote-group minerals. European Journal of Mineralogy, 18, 551567.
Azavant, P. and Lichanot, A. (1993) X-ray scattering factors of oxygen and sulphur ions: an ab initio Hartree-Fock calculation. Acta Crystallographica, A49, 9197.
Bačík, P., Miyawaki, R., Atencio, D., Cámara, F. and Fridrichová, J. (2018) Nomenclature of the gadolinite supergroup. European Journal of Mineralogy, 29, 10671082.
Becerro, A.I., Naranjo, M. and Perdigón, A.C. and Trillo, J.M. (2003) Hydrothermal chemistry of silicates: low-temperature synthesis of y-yttrium disilicate. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 86, 15921594.
Becker, R. (1991) Minerals of the Golden Horn Batholith, Okanogan County, Washington. Rocks and Minerals, 66, 453458.
Benedicks, C. (1898) Mötet den 3 November 1898 [Thalénit, frän Österby i Dalarne]. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 20, 308312
Benedicks, C. (1900) Thalenit, ein neues Mineral aus Osterby in Dalekarlien. Bulletin of the Geological Institution of the University of Uppsala, 4, 115.
Boggs, R.C. (1980) Okanoganite, a new rare-earth borofluorosilicate from the Golden Horn batholith, Okanogan County, Washington. American Mineralogist, 65, 11381142.
Boggs, R. (1984) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Golden Horn Batholith, North Cascades, Washington. PhD dissertation, University of California, Santa Barbara, USA.
Boggs, R.C. (1988) Calciohilairite: CaZrSi3O9 3H2O, the calcium analogue of hilairite from the Golden Horn Batholith, northern Cascades, Washington. American Mineralogist, 73, 11911194.
Cromer, D.T. and Mann, J. (1968) X-ray scattering factors computed from numerical Hartree-Fock wave functions. Acta Crystallographica, A24, 321323.
Đuričković, I., Claverie, R., Bourson, P., Marchettic, M., Chassot, J. M. and Fontana, M. (2011) Water-ice phase transition probed by Raman Spectroscopy. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 42, 14081412.
Eddy, E.P., Bowring, S.A., Miller, R.B. and Tepper, J.H. (2016) Rapid assembly and crystallization of a fossil large-volume silicic magma chamber. The Geology Society of America, 44, 331334.
Fitzpatrick, J. and Pabst, A. (1986) Thalenite from Arizona. American Mineralogist, 71, 188193.
Frost, C.D. and Frost, B.R. (1997). High-K, iron-enriched rapakivi-type granites: the tholeiite connection. Geology, 25, 647650.
Griffin, W.L., Nilssen, B. and Jensen, B.B. (1979) Britholite CD and its alteration: Reiarsdal, Vest-Agder, south Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 58, 265271.
Gonzáles del Tánago, J., La Iglesia, A. and Delgado, A. (2006) Kamphaugite-(Y) from La Cabrera massif, Spain: a low-temperature hydrothermal Y-REE carbonate. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 379404.
Haynes, C.V. Jr. (1965) Genesis of the White Cloud and related pegmatites, South Platte area, Jefferson County, Colorado. GSA Bulletin, 76, 441461.
Kornev, A.N., Batalieva, N.G., Maksimov, B.A., Ilyukhin, V.V. and Belov, N.V. (1972) Crystal structure of thalénite-(Y) Y3[Si3O10](OH). Soviet Physics Doklady, 17, 8890, [translated from Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, 202, 1324–1327, 1972].
Kozireva, I.V., Svecova, I.V. and Popova, T.N. (2004) Occurrence of Nd thalenite in Pripolar Ural. Vestnik, 6, 23.
Kristiansen, R. (1993) Thalenitt-liknende mineraler fra Åskagen, Sverige. Stein, 1, 5960.
Mills, S.J., Hatert, F., Nickel, E.H. and Ferraris, G. (2009) The standardisation of mineral group hierarchies: application to recent nomenclature proposals. European Journal of Mineralogy, 21, 10731080.
Minakawa, T., Noto, S. and Morioka, H. (1999) Rare earth minerals in Shikoku, with special reference to the occurrence of rare earth minerals in pegmatites in Ryoke and Hiroshima granites. Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Ehime University, 5, 132.
Misch, P. (1966) Tectonic evolution of the Northern Cascades of Washington State, in: Symposium on the tectonic history, mineral deposits of the western Cordillera: Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Special Publication, 8, 101148.
Müller-Bunz, H. and Schleid, T. (2000) Synthesis and constitution of fluorothalenite-type (Y3F[Si3O10]) fluoride catena-trisilicates M3F [Si3O10] with the lanthanides (M = Dy, Ho, Er). Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie, 626, 845852.
Nagashima, K. and Kato, A. (1966) Chemical studies of minerals containing rarer elements from the Far East District. LX. Thalénite-(Y) from Suishoyama, Kawamata-machi, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, 39, 47.
Peretyazhko, I.S. and Savina, E.A. (2010) Tetrad effects in the rare earth element patterns of granitoid rocks as an indicator of fluoride-silicate liquid immiscibility in magmatic systems. Petrology, 18, 514543.
Putnis, A. and Putnis, C.V. (2007). The mechanism of reequilibration of solids in the presence of a fluid phase. Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 180, 17831786.
Raade, G. and Kristiansen, R. (2009) Fluorthalénite-(Y) from Hundholmen, Tysfjord, north Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum skrift [letters of the Norwegian Museum of Natural History], 41–21.
Schleid, T. and Müller-Bunz, , (1998) Einkirstalle von Y3F[Si3O10] im Thalenit-Typ. Zeitschrift für anorganische Chemie, 624, 10821084.
Sheldrick, G.M. (2008) A short history of SHELX. Acta Crystallographica, A64, 112122.
Simmons, W.B. Jr. and Heinrich, E.W. (1975) A summary of the petrogenesis of the granite-pegmatite system in the northern end of the Pikes Peak batholith: Fortschritte der Mineralogie, 52, 251264.
Simmons, W.B. Jr. and Heinrich, E.W. (1980) Rare earth pegmatites of the South Platte District, Colorado. Colorado Geological Survey Resource Series, 11, 131.
Škoda, R., Plášil, J., Jonsson, E., Čopjaková, R., Langhof, J. and Vašinová Galiová, M. (2015) Redefinition of thalénite-(Y) and discreditation of fluorthalénite-(Y): A re-investigation of type material from the Österby pegmatite, Dalarna, Sweden, and from additional localities. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 965983.
Smith, D.R., Noblett, J., Wobus, R.A., Unruh, D., Douglass, J., Beane, R., Davis, C., Goldman, S., Kay, G., Gustavson, B., Saltoun, B. and Stewart, J. (1999) Petrology and geochemistry of late-stage intrusions of the A-type, mid-Proterozoic Pikes Peak batholith (Central Colorado, USA): implications for petrogenesis models. Precambrian Research, 98, 271305.
Smyth, J.R. (1988) Electrostatic characterization of oxygen sites in minerals. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 53, 11011110.
Smyth, J.R. and Clayton, R.N. (1988) Correlation of electrostatic site potentials with oxygen isotope fractionation in silicates. EOS Trans American Geophysical Union, 69, 1514.
Stepanov, A.V., Bekenova, G.K., Levin, V.L., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C. and Dobrovol'skaya, E.A. (2012) Tarbagataite, (K,□)2(Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mn)7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4(OH,F), a new astrophyllite-group mineral species from the Verkhnee Espe deposit, Akjailyautas mountains, Kazakhstan: Description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50, 159168.
Stull, R. (1969) The Geochemistry of the Southeastern Portion of the Golden Horn Batholith, Northern Cascades, Washington. PhD dissertation, University of Washington, USA.
Sun, Q. and Zheng, H. (2009) Raman OH stretching vibration of ice Ih. Progress in Natural Science, 19, 16511654.
Veksler, I.V., Dorfman, A.M., Kamenetsky, M., Dulski, P. and Dingwell, D.B. (2005) Partitioning of lanthanides and Y between immiscible silicate and fluoride melts, fluorite and cryolite and the origin of the lanthanide tetrad effect in igneous rocks. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 69, 28472860.
Voloshin, A.V. and Pakhomovskii, Y.A. (1997) Fluorthalénite-(Y) – a new mineral from the amazonitic randpegmatites of the Kola Peninsula. Doklady Akademii Nauk, 354, 7778.
Vorma, A., Ojanperä, P., Hoffren, V., Siivola, J. and Löfgren, A. (1966) On the rare earth minerals from the Pyörönmaa pegmatite in Kangasala. Comptes Rendu de la Société Geologique de Finlande, 38, 241274.
Wayne, D.M. (1986) Electron microprobe analysis of rare-earth-element-bearing phases from the white cloud pegmatite, South Platte district, Jefferson County, Colorado. PhD Thesis, University of New Orleans, USA.
Williams, P.A., Hatert, F., Pasero, M. and Mills, S.J. (2014) IMA Commission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification (CNMNC) Newsletter No. 22. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 12411248.
Yakubovich, O.V., Voloshin, A.V., Pakhomovskii, Ya.A. and Simonov, M.A. (1988) Refined crystal structure of thalenite. Soviet Physics, Crystallography, 33, 356358. [Original in Russian: Kristallografiya, 33, 605–608 (1988)].
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Mineralogical Magazine
  • ISSN: 0026-461X
  • EISSN: 1471-8022
  • URL: /core/journals/mineralogical-magazine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary materials

Raschke et al. supplementary material
Supplementary material

 Word (226 KB)
226 KB

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed