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Additive Manufacturing, Modeling and Performance Evaluation of 3D Printed Fins for Surfboards

  • Reece D. Gately (a1), Stephen Beirne (a2), Geoff Latimer (a3), Matthew Shirlaw (a3), Buyung Kosasih (a4), Andrew Warren (a5), Julie R. Steele (a6) and Marc in het Panhuis (a1) (a2) (a3) (a7)...
Abstract
ABSTRACT

We demonstrate that Additive Manufacturing (3D printing) is a viable approach to rapidly prototype personalised fins for surfboards. Surfing is an iconic sport that is extremely popular in coastal regions around the world. We use computer aided design and 3D printing of a wide range of composite materials to print fins for surfboards, e.g. ABS, carbon fibre, fibre glass and amorphous thermoplastic poly(etherimide) resins. The mechanical characteristics of our 3D printed fins were found to be comparable to commercial fins. Computational fluid dynamics was employed to calculate longitudinal (drag) and tangential (turning) forces, which are important for surfboard maneuverability, stability and speed. A commercial tracking system was used to evaluate the performance of 3D printed fins under real-world conditions (i.e. surfing waves). These data showed that the surfing performance of surfboards with 3D printed fins is similar to that of surfboards with commercial fins.

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Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Corresponding author
*(Email: panhuis@uow.edu.au)
References
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1. The Encyclopedia of Surfing by Matt Warshaw. Available at: http://encyclopediaofsurfing.com/ (accessed 16 December 2016).
2. MctavishB., Stoked! (Hyams Publishing, 2009) p. 27.
3. FCS Fin Systems. Available at: http://www.surffcs.com.au/fin-systems/fcs-ii (accessed 16 December 2016).
4. Futures Fin School. Available at: http://www.futuresfins.com.au/fin-school/ (accessed 16 December 2016).
5. KangH.-W., ParkJ. H., KangT.-Y., SeolY.-J. and ChoD.-W., Biofabrication 4, 015005 (2012).
6. FerrisC.J., GilmoreK.G., WallaceG.G., and in het PanhuisM., Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 97, 4243 (2013).
7. Westkust 3D printed fins. Available at: http://westkustsurf.nl/?page_id=19153 (accessed 16 December 2016).
8. 3D printed fins take surfing to the next level. Available at: https://youtu.be/96Zysk7WgVs (accessed 9 December 2016).
9. Carbon fiber composite. Available at: https://markforged.com/materials/#carbon-fiber (accessed 16 December 2016).
10. ULTEM 9085 Resin, 3D print high performance parts. Available at: http://www.stratasys.com/materials/fdm/ultem-9085 (accessed 16 December 2016).
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MRS Advances
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  • EISSN: 2059-8521
  • URL: /core/journals/mrs-advances
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