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Synthesis and characterization of CeO2 nanoparticles on porous carbon for Li-ion battery

  • Hoejin Kim (a1), Mohammad Arif Ishtiaque Shuvo (a1), Hasanul Karim (a1), Juan C. Noveron (a2), Tzu-liang Tseng (a3) and Yirong Lin (a1)...

Abstract

Carbon based materials have long been investigated as anodes for lithium ion batteries. Among these materials, porous carbon holds several advantages such as high stability, high specific surface area, and excellent cycling capability. To further enhance the energy storage performance, ceramic nanomaterials have been combined with carbon based materials as hybrid anodes for enhanced specific capacity. The use of metal oxide ceramic nanomaterials could enhance the surface electrochemical reactivity thus leads to the increasing of capacity retention at higher number of cycles. In this research, we synthesized ceria (CeO2) nano-particles on porous carbon to form inorganic-organic hybrid composites as an anode material for Li-ion battery. The high redox potential of ceria is expected to increase the specific capacity and energy density of the system. The electrochemical performance was determined by a battery analyzer. It is observed that the specific capacity could be improved by 77% using hybrid composites anode. The material morphology, crystal structure, and thermal stability were characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), and Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA).

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References

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Keywords

Synthesis and characterization of CeO2 nanoparticles on porous carbon for Li-ion battery

  • Hoejin Kim (a1), Mohammad Arif Ishtiaque Shuvo (a1), Hasanul Karim (a1), Juan C. Noveron (a2), Tzu-liang Tseng (a3) and Yirong Lin (a1)...

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