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Carbon nanotubes for high-performance logic

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 August 2014

Zhihong Chen
Affiliation:
Birck Nanotechnology Center, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, USA; zhchen@purdue.edu
H.-S. Philip Wong
Affiliation:
Stanford University, USA; hspwong@stanford.edu
Subhasish Mitra
Affiliation:
Stanford University, USA; subh@stanford.edu
Ageeth Bol
Affiliation:
Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands; a.a.bol@tue.nl
Lianmao Peng
Affiliation:
Key Laboratory for the Physics and Chemistry of Nanodevices and Department of Electronics, Peking University, China; lmpeng@pku.edu.cn
Gage Hills
Affiliation:
Stanford University, USA; ghills@stanford.edu
Nick Thissen
Affiliation:
Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands; n.f.w.thissen@tue.nl
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Abstract

Single-wall carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were discovered in 1993 and have been an area of intense research since then. They offer the right dimensions to explore material science and physical chemistry at the nanoscale and are the perfect system to study low-dimensional physics and transport. In the past decade, more attention has been shifted toward making use of this unique nanomaterial in real-world applications. In this article, we focus on potential applications of CNTs in the high-performance logic computing area—the main component of the semiconductor industry. We discuss the key challenges for nanotubes to replace silicon in integrated circuits and review progress made in recent years on the material, device, and circuit integration development of CNT technology.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2014 

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