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Synthesis and structure of two-dimensional transition-metal dichalcogenides

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  13 July 2015

Yumeng Shi
Affiliation:
Physical Sciences and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia; yumeng.shi@kaust.edu.sa
Hua Zhang
Affiliation:
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; hzhang@ntu.edu.sg
Wen-Hao Chang
Affiliation:
Department of Electrophysics, National Chiao Tung University, Taiwan; whchang@mail.nctu.edu.tw
Hyeon Suk Shin
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry and Department of Energy Engineering, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, South Korea; shin@unist.ac.kr
Lain-Jong Li
Affiliation:
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia; lance.li@kaust.edu.sa
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Abstract

Two-dimensional (2D) transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) exhibit unique electrical, optical, thermal, and mechanical properties, which enable them to be used as building blocks in compact and lightweight integrated electronic systems. The controllable and reliable synthesis of atomically thin TMDCs is essential for their practical application. Recent progress in large-area synthesis of monolayer TMDCs paves the way for practical production of various 2D TMDC layers. The intrinsic optical and electrical properties of monolayer TMDCs can be defined by stoichiometry during synthesis. By manipulating the lattice structure or layer stacking manner, it is possible to create atomically thin van der Waals materials with unique and unexplored physical properties. In this article, we review recent developments in the synthesis of TMDC monolayers, alloys, and heterostructures, which shine light on the design of novel TMDCs with desired functional properties.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2015 

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