Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-768dbb666b-9hf5z Total loading time: 0.293 Render date: 2023-02-07T05:11:16.558Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

Article contents

What do crystals nucleate on? What is the microscopic mechanism? How can we model nucleation?

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  04 May 2016

Richard Sear*
Affiliation:
Department of Physics, University of Surrey, UK; r.sear@surrey.ac.uk
Get access

Abstract

Crystallization is a key process in materials science, and most materials are made by processes that involve crystallization. Crystallization starts with nucleation, a process that is poorly understood for two reasons. First, nucleation occurs in contact with the typically uncharacterized surface of an impurity in the system. Second, we typically have little direct data on the microscopic mechanism of nucleation. We have a theory called classical nucleation, but when a simple application of the theory disagrees with experiment, it is unclear whether the theory is wrong, or if some feature of the surface is missing from the model. This article briefly reviews recent work on nucleation and its mechanisms. We are not alone in working with a stochastic process whose underlying mechanism is poorly understood. Engineers often have this problem and have developed powerful statistical models for stochastic processes. Surprisingly, even though they are sometimes used by materials scientists in different contexts, these are not used to model and predict nucleation behavior. We could advance the field with their use.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2016 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Pruppacher, H.R., Klett, J.D., Microphysics of Clouds and Precipitation (Reidel Publishing, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Murray, B.J., O’Sullivan, D., Atkinson, J.D., Webb, M.E., Chem. Soc. Rev. 41, 6519 (2012).CrossRef
Ashby, M.F., Jones, D.R.H., Engineering Materials, 4th ed. (Butterworth- Heinemann, Oxford, 2011, vol. 1).Google Scholar
Chawla, K., Composite Materials: Science and Engineering, 3rd ed. (Springer, London, 2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gurganus, C.W., Charnawskas, J.C., Kostinski, A.B., Shaw, R.A., Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 235701 (2014).CrossRef
Campbell, J.M., Meldrum, F.C., Christenson, H.K., Cryst. Growth Des. 13, 1915 (2013).CrossRef
Diao, Y., Helgeson, M.E., Myerson, A.S., Hatton, T.A., Doyle, P.S., Trout, B.L., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133, 3756 (2011).CrossRef
Gurganus, C., Kostinski, A.B., Shaw, R.A., J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 6195 (2013).CrossRef
Parmar, A.S., Gottschall, P.E., Muschol, M., Biophys. Chem. 129, 224 (2007).CrossRef
Akella, S.V., Mowitz, A., Heymann, M., Fraden, S., Cryst. Growth Des. 14, 4487 (2014).CrossRef
Tan, L., Davis, R.M., Myerson, A.S., Trout, B.L., Cryst. Growth Des. 15, 2176 (2015).CrossRef
Page, A.J., Sear, R.P., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131, 17550 (2009).CrossRef
Auer, S., Frenkel, D., J. Chem. Phys. 120, 3015 (2004).CrossRef
Valeriani, C., Sanz, E., Frenkel, D., J. Chem. Phys. 122, 194501 (2005).CrossRef
Filion, L., Ni, R., Frenkel, D., Dijkstra, M., J. Chem. Phys. 134, 134901 (2011).CrossRef
Debenedetti, P.G., Metastable Liquids (Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1996).Google Scholar
Sear, R.P., J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19, 033101 (2007).CrossRef
Sear, R.P., Int. Mat. Rev. 57, 328 (2012).CrossRef
Sear, R.P., Phys. Rev. E 70, 021605 (2004).CrossRef
Herbert, R.J., Murray, B.J., Whale, T.F., Dobbie, S.J., Atkinson, J.D., Atmos. Chem. Phys. 14, 8501 (2014).CrossRef
Schwind, M., Zhdanov, V.P., Zoric, I., Kasemo, B., Nano Lett. 10, 931 (2010).CrossRef
Laval, P., Crombez, A., Salmon, J.-B., Langmuir 25, 1836 (2009).CrossRef
Little, L.J., Sear, R.P., Keddie, J.L., Cryst. Growth Des. 15, 5345 (2015).CrossRef
Nielsen, M.H., Aloni, S., De Yoreo, J.J., Science 345, 1158 (2014).CrossRef
Baumgartner, J., Dey, A., Bomans, P.H.H., Coadou, C.L., Fratzl, P., Sommerdijk, N.A.J.M., Faivre, D., Nat. Mater. 12, 310 (2013).CrossRef
Turnbull, D., J. Chem. Phys. 18, 198 (1950).CrossRef
Kuhs, M., Zeglinski, J., Rasmuson, O.C., Cryst. Growth Des. 14, 905 (2014).CrossRef
Sear, R.P., CrystEngCom 16, 6506 (2014).CrossRef
Sear, R.P., Phys. Rev. E 89, 022405 (2014).CrossRef
Proschan, F., Technometrics, 5 (3), 375 (1963).CrossRef
Lee, E.T., Statistical Methods for Survival Data Analysis, 2nd ed. (Wiley, Hoboken, NJ, 1992).Google Scholar
Cox, D.R., Oakes, D., Analysis of Survival Data (Chapman and Hall, London, 1984).Google Scholar
Levine, J., “Statistical Explanation of Spontaneous Freezing of Water Droplets,” National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) Tech. Note 2234 (1950).
Sear, R.P., Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13, 7215 (2013).CrossRef
Dorsch, R.G., Hacker, P.T., “Photomicrographic Investigation of Spontaneous Freezing Temperatures of Supercooled Water Droplets,” National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) Tech. Note 2142 (1950).
Castillo, E., Extreme Value Theory in Engineering (Academic Press, San Diego, 1988).Google Scholar
Salam, A., Lohmann, U., Lesins, G., Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 3923 (2007).CrossRef
Moore, E.B., Molinero, V., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13, 20008 (2011).CrossRef

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

What do crystals nucleate on? What is the microscopic mechanism? How can we model nucleation?
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

What do crystals nucleate on? What is the microscopic mechanism? How can we model nucleation?
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

What do crystals nucleate on? What is the microscopic mechanism? How can we model nucleation?
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *