Skip to main content

Biorenewable Multiphase Polymers

  • Megan L. Robertson (a1), Marc A. Hillmyer (a2), Anne-Cécile Mortamet (a3) and Anthony J. Ryan (a4)

Hybrid macromolecules composed of two or more covalently connected segments have the ability to self-assemble into nanostructured materials. These fascinating materials are used in applications ranging from footwear to bitumen modification to microelectronics. The number of technologies that utilize or could benefit from multiphase polymers is expanding at a rapid rate. This growth is due to the development of simple scalable synthetic technologies, a deeper understanding of their structure-property relationships, and their effectiveness as low-level additives. As industrial uses of self-assembled polymers become more prevalent, there will be a heightened focus on alternative preparative approaches that do not rely on petroleum feedstocks. Therefore the development of biorenewable multiphase polymers is an important research endeavor. In this article, we will explore the synthesis, self-assembly, and properties of renewable block and graft copolymers that contain aliphatic polyesters, as well as bio-sourced segmented polyurethanes. These two classes of multiphase polymers are the most promising and practical candidates for implementation in the next generation of sustainable materials.

Hide All
1.Flieger, M., Kantorova, M., Prell, A., Rezanka, T., Votruba, J., Folia Microbiologica 48, 27 (2003).
2.Sudesh, K., Iwata, T., CLEAN—Soil, Air, Water 36, 433 (2008).
3.Gandini, A., Macromolecules 41, 9491 (2008).
4.Bhardwaj, R., Mohanty, A.K., J. Biobased Mater. Bioenergy 1, 191 (2007).
5.Holden, G., Legge, N.R., Quirk, R.P., Schroeder, H.E., Thermoplastic Elastomers (Hanser/Gardner, Ohio, 1993).
6.Hobbs, S.Y., Polym. Eng. Sci. 26, 74 (1986).
7.Hadjichristidis, N., Pispas, S., Floudas, G., Block Copolymers (Wiley, New Jersey, 2003).
8.Lodge, T.P., Macromol. Chem. Phys. 204, 265 (2003).
9.O'Keefe, B.J., Hillmyer, M.A., Tolman, W.B., Dalton Trans. 2215 (2001).
10.DOE, U.S. Biomass program, “Top Value Added Chemicals from Biomass, Volume 1: Results of Screening for Potential Candidates from Sugars and Synthesis Gas,” (Report # 35523, 2004);
11.Meier, M.A.R., Metzger, J.O., Schubert, U.S., Chem. Soc. Rev. 36, 1788 (2007).
12.Gallezot, P., Green Chem. 9, 295 (2007).
13.Ikada, Y., Jamshidi, K., Tsuji, H., Hyon, S.H., Macromolecules 20, 904 (1987).
14.Li, L.B., Zhong, Z.Y., De Jeu, W.H., Dijkstra, P.J., Feijen, J., Macromolecules 37, 8641 (2004).
15.Albertsson, A.C., Varma, I.K., Biomacromolecules 4, 1466 (2003).
16.Dong, C.M., Qiu, K.Y., Gu, Z.W., Feng, X.D., J. Polym. Sci. Pol. Chem. 40, 409 (2002).
17.Kumar, R., Gao, W., Gross, R.A., Macromolecules 35, 6835 (2002).
18.Slivniak, R., Domb, A.J., Macromolecules 38, 5545 (2005).
19.Slivniak, R., Domb, A.J., Biomacromolecules 6, 1679 (2005).
20.Slivniak, R., Ezra, A., Domb, A.J., Pharm. Res. 23, 1306 (2006).
21.Zhang, D., Hillmyer, M.A., Tolman, W.B., Biomacromolecules 6, 2091 (2005).
22.Wanamaker, C.L., O'Leary, L.E., Lynd, N.A., Hillmyer, M.A., Tolman, W.B., Biomacromolecules 8, 3634 (2007).
23.Wanamaker, C.L., Tolman, W.B., Hillmyer, M.A., Biomacromolecules 10, 443 (2009).
24.Wanamaker, C.L., Bluemle, M.J., Pitet, L.M., O'Leary, L.E., Tolman, W.B., Hillmyer, M.A., Biomacromolecules 10, 2904 (2009).
25.Frick, E.M., Hillmyer, M.A., Macromol. Rapid Commun. 21, 1317 (2000).
26.Frick, E.M., Zalusky, A.S., Hillmyer, M.A., Biomacromolecules 4, 216 (2003).
27.Byrne, C.M., Allen, S.D., Lobkovsky, E.B., Coates, G.W., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126 (37), 11404 (2004).
28.Mosnacek, J., Matyjaszewski, K., Macromolecules 41, 5509 (2008).
29.Madison, L.L., Huisman, G.W., Microbiol. Mol. Biol. Rev. 63, 21 (1999).
30.Kelley, A.S., Mantzaris, N.V., Daoutidis, P., Srienc, F., Nano Lett. 1, 481 (2001).
31.Pederson, E.N., McChalicher, C.W.J., Srienc, F., Biomacromolecules 7, 1904 (2006).
32.McChalicher, C.W.J., Srienc, F., J. Biotechnol. 132, 296 (2007).
33.Schreck, K.M., Hillmyer, M.A., Journal of Biotechnology 132, 287 (2007).
34.Haynes, D., Abayasinghe, N.K., Harrison, G.M., Burg, K.J., Smith, D.W., Biomacromolecules 8, 1131 (2007).
35.Hiki, S., Miyamoto, M., Kimura, Y., Polymer 41, 7369 (2000).
36.Nguyen, S., Can. J. Chem. 86, 570 (2008).
37.Dumitriu, S., Polysaccharides: Structural Diversity and Functional Versatility (Marcel Dekker, New York, 2005).
38.Teramoto, Y., Nishio, Y., Polymer 44, 2701 (2003).
39.Schwach, E., Six, J.L., Averous, L., J. Polym. Environ. 16, 286 (2008).
40.Ohya, Y., Maruhashi, S., Ouchi, T., Macromol. Chem. Phys. 199, 2017 (1998).
41.Yan, C.H., Zhang, J.M., Lv, Y.X., Yu, J., Wu, J., Zhang, J., He, J.S., Biomacromolecules 10, 2013 (2009).
42.Dong, H.Q., Xu, Q., Li, Y.Y., Mo, S.B., Cai, S.J., Liu, L.J., Colloids Surf., B 66, 26 (2008).
43.Nagahama, K., Mori, Y., Ohya, Y., Ouchi, T., Biomacromolecules 8, 2135 (2007).
44.Feng, H., Dong, C.M., Biomacromolecules 7, 3069 (2006).
45.Li, G., Zhuang, Y.L., Mu, Q., Wang, M.Z., Fang, Y.E., Carbohydr. Polym. 72, 60 (2008).
46.Ouchi, T., Kontani, T., Ohya, Y., Polymer 44, 3927 (2003).
47.Liu, Y., Tian, F., Hu, K.A., Carbohydr. Res. 339, 845 (2004).
48.Yao, F.L., Chen, W., Wang, H., Liu, H., Yao, al., Polymer 44, 6435 (2003).
49.Nouvel, C., Frochot, C., Sadtler, V., Dubois, P., Dellacherie, E., Six, J.L., Macromolecules 37, 4981 (2004).
50.Qu, X., Wirsen, A., Albertsson, A.C., J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 74, 3186 (1999).
51.De Jong, S.J., De Smedt, S.C., Wahls, M.W.C., Demeester, J., Kettenes-Van Den Bosch, J.J., Hennink, W.E., Macromolecules 33, 3680 (2000).
52.Wu, Y., Li, M.J., Gao, H.X., J. Polym. Res. 16, 11 (2009).
53.Van Tomme, S.R., Storm, G., Hennink, W.E., Int. J. Pharm. 355, 1 (2008).
54.Yilgor, I., Yilgor, E., Polym. Rev. 47, 487 (2007).
55.Krol, P., Prog. Mater. Sci. 52, 915 (2007).
56.Petrović, Z.S., Polym. Rev. 48, 109 (2008).
57.Yeganeh, H., Hojati-Talemi, P., Polym. Degrad. Stab. 92, 480 (2007).
58.Petrović, Z.S., Cevallos, M.J., Javni, I., Schaefer, D.W., Justice, R., J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 43, 3178 (2005).
59.Petrović, Z.S., Guo, A., Zhang, W., J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem. 38, 4062 (2000).
60.Petrović, Z.S., Zhang, W., Javni, I., Biomacromolecules 6, 713 (2005).
61.Petrović, Z.S., Zhang, W., Zlatanić, A., Lava, C.C., Ilavskyý, M., J. Polym. Environ. 10, 5 (2002).
62.Hou, C.T., Brown, W., Labeda, D.P., Abbott, T.P., Weisleder, D., J. Ind. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 19, 34 (1997).
63.Lligadas, G., Ronda, J.C., Galià, M., Biermann, U., Metzger, J.O., J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem 44, 634 (2006).
64.Wang, C.S., Yang, L.T., Ni, B.L., Wang, L.Y., J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 112, 1122 (2009).
65.Ionescu, M., Petrović, Z.S., “Ethyoxylated Soybean Polyols for Polyurethanes,” in International Degradable Plastics Symposium: Status of Biobased and Synthetic Polymer Technology (BioEnvironmental Polymer Society, Chicago, 2006).
66.Zlatanić, A., Lava, C., Zhang, W., Petrović, Z.S., J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 42, 809 (2004).
67.Bakare, I.O., Pavithran, C., Okieimen, F.E., Pillai, C.K.S., J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 109, 3292 (2008).
68.Donnelly, M.J., Stanford, J.L., Still, R.H., Carbohydr. Polym. 14, 221 (1991).
69.Donnelly, M.J., Polym. Int. 37, 297 (1995).
70.Stanford, J.L., Still, R.H., Cawse, J.L., Donnelly, M.J., Adhesives from Renewable Resources (American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1989).
71.Cawse, J.L., Stanford, J.L., Still, R.H., Makromol. Chem. 185, 709 (1984).
72.Boufi, S., Gandini, A., Belgacem, M.N., Polymer 36, 1689 (1995).
73.Rogers, M.E., Long, T.E., Synthetic Methods in Step-Growth Polymers (Wiley, New Jersey, 2003).
74.Pechar, T.W., Sohn, S., Wilkes, G.L., Ghosh, S., Frazier, C.E., Fornof, A., Long, T.E., J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 101, 1432 (2006).
75.Xu, Y., Petrović, Z., Das, S., Wilkes, G.L., Polymer 49, 4248 (2008).
76.Zhang, L., Jeon, H.K., Malsam, J., Herrington, R., Macosko, C.W., Polymer 48, 6656 (2007).
77.Argyropoulos, J., Erdem, B., Bhattacharjee, D., Foley, P., Nanjundiah, K., JCT Coatings Tech 6, 44 (2009).
78.Xie, H.-Q., Guo, J.-S., Eur. Polym. J. 38, 2271 (2002).
79.Eisenbach, C.D., Ribbe, A., Macromol. Rapid Comm. 15, 395 (1994).
80.Das, S., Dave, M., Wilkes, G.L., J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 112, 299 (2009).
81.Van Bogart, J.W.C., Lilaomitkul, A., Cooper, S.L., Multiphase Polymers, Cooper, S.L., Estes, G.M., Eds. (American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1979).
82.Van Bogart, J.W.C., Gibson, P.E., Cooper, S.L., J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Phys. Ed. 21, 65 (1983).
83.Abhouzar, S., Wilkes, G.L., Ophir, Z., Polymer 23, 1077 (1982).
84.Gandini, A., Belgacem, M.N., Prog. Polym. Sci. 22, 1203 (1997).
85.Cawse, J.L., Stanford, J.L., Still, R.H., Makromol. Chem. 185, 697 (1984).
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

MRS Bulletin
  • ISSN: 0883-7694
  • EISSN: 1938-1425
  • URL: /core/journals/mrs-bulletin
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed