Skip to main content

Carbon nanotubes for high-performance logic

  • Zhihong Chen (a1), H.-S. Philip Wong (a2), Subhasish Mitra (a3), Ageeth Bol (a4), Lianmao Peng (a5), Gage Hills (a6) and Nick Thissen (a7)...

Single-wall carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were discovered in 1993 and have been an area of intense research since then. They offer the right dimensions to explore material science and physical chemistry at the nanoscale and are the perfect system to study low-dimensional physics and transport. In the past decade, more attention has been shifted toward making use of this unique nanomaterial in real-world applications. In this article, we focus on potential applications of CNTs in the high-performance logic computing area—the main component of the semiconductor industry. We discuss the key challenges for nanotubes to replace silicon in integrated circuits and review progress made in recent years on the material, device, and circuit integration development of CNT technology.

Hide All
1.Avouris, P., Chen, Z., Perebeinos, V., Nat. Nanotechnol. 2 (10), 605 (2007).
2.Appenzeller, J., Lin, Y.M., Knoch, J., Chen, Z.H., Avouris, P., IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 52, 2568 (2005).
3.Chen, Z., Appenzeller, J., Knoch, J., Lin, Y., Avouris, P., Nano Lett. 5, 1497 (2005).
4.Xiao, J., Dunham, S., Liu, P., Zhang, Y., Kocabas, C., Moh, L., Huang, Y., Hwang, K.-C., Lu, C., Huang, W., Rogers, J.A., Nano Lett. 9 (12), 4311 (2009).
5.Ibrahim, I., Bachmatiuk, A., Warner, J.H., Büchner, B., Cuniberti, G., Rümmeli, M.H., Small 8 (13), 1973 (2012).
6.Hong, S.W., Banks, T., Rogers, J.A., Adv. Mater. 22 (16), 1826 (2010).
7.Ding, L., Yuan, D., Liu, J., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130 (16), 5428 (2008).
8.Kocabas, C., Kang, S.J., Ozel, T., Shim, M., Rogers, J.A., J. Phys. Chem. C 111 (48), 17879 (2007).
9.Patil, N., thesis, “Design and Fabrication of Imperfection-Immune Carbon Nanotube Digital VLSI Circuits,” Stanford University, CA (2010).
10.Zhang, J., Member, S., Lin, A., Patil, N., Wei, H., Wei, L., Wong, H.-S.P., Mitra, S., IEEE Trans. Comput. Aided Des. Integr. Circuits Syst. 31 (4), 453 (2012).
11.Patil, N., Lin, A., Myers, E.R., Wong, H.-S.P., Mitra, S., Proc. Symp. VLSI Technol. 205 (2008).
12.Shulaker, M.M., Wei, H., Patil, N., Provine, J., Chen, H., Wong, H.-S.P., Mitra, S., Nano Lett. 11, 1881 (2011).
13.Patil, N., Lin, A., Wong, H.-S.P., Mitra, S., IEEE Trans. Comput. Aided Des. Integr. Circuits Syst. 27 (10), 1725 (2008).
14.Patil, N., Deng, J., Wong, H.-S.P., Mitra, S., Proc. 44th Annu. Conf. Des. Autom.—DAC ’07, 958 (2007).
15.Bobba, S., Pullini, A., Atienza, D., De Micheli, G., 2009 Des. Autom. Test Eur. Conf. Exhib. 1, 616 (2009).
16.Ding, L., Tselev, A., Wang, J., Yuan, D., Chu, H., McNicholas, T.P., Li, Y., Liu, J., Nano Lett. 9 (2), 800 (2009).
17.Parker, J., Beasley, C., Lin, A., Chen, H.-Y., Philip Wong, H.-S., Carbon N.Y. 50 (14), 5093 (2012).
18.Zhou, W., Zhan, S., Ding, L., Liu, J., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134 (34), 14019 (2012).
19.Zhang, J., Patil, N.P., Mitra, S., IEEE Trans. Comput. Aided Des. Integr. Circuits Syst. 28 (9), 1307 (2009).
20.Patil, N., Lin, A., Zhang, J., Anderson, K., Wong, H.-S.P., Mitra, S., 2009 IEEE Int. Electron Devices Mtg. 573 (2009).
21.Jin, S.H., Dunham, S.N., Song, J., Xie, X., Kim, J.-H., Lu, C., Islam, A., Du, F., Kim, J., Felts, J., Li, Y., Xiong, F., Wahab, M.A., Menon, M., Cho, E., Grosse, K.L., Lee, D.J., Chung, H.U., Pop, E., Alam, M.A., King, W.P., Huang, Y., Rogers, J.A., Nat. Nanotechnol. 8 (5), 347 (2013).
22.Heller, D.A., Mayrhofer, R.M., Baik, S., Grinkova, Y.V., Usrey, M.L., Strano, M.S., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126 (44), 14567 (2004).
23.Farkas, E., Anderson, M.E., Chen, Z., Rinzler, A.G., Chem. Phys. Lett. 363 (1–2), 111 (2002).
24.Duesberg, G.S., Muster, J., Krstic, V., Burghard, M., Roth, S., Appl. Phys. 119 (1998), 117 (2000).
25.Bauer, B.J., Fagan, J.A., Hobbie, E.K., Chun, J., Bajpai, V., J. Phys. Chem. C 112 (6), 1842 (2008).
26.Tulevski, G.S., Franklin, A.D., Afzali, A., ACS Nano 7 (4), 2971 (2013).
27.Chen, Z., Du, X., Du, M.-H., Rancken, C.D., Cheng, H.-P., Rinzler, A.G., Nano Lett. 3 (9), 1245 (2003).
28.Arnold, M.S., Green, A.A., Hulvat, J.F., Stupp, S.I., Hersam, M.C., Nat. Nanotechnol. 1 (1), 60 (2006).
29.Doorn, S.K., Strano, M.S., O’Connell, M.J., Haroz, E.H., Rialon, K.L., Hauge, R.H., Smalley, R.E., J. Phys. Chem. B 107 (25), 6063 (2003).
30.Park, H., Afzali, A., Han, S.-J., Tulevski, G.S., Franklin, A.D., Tersoff, J., Hannon, J.B., Haensch, W., Nat. Nanotechnol. 7 (12), 787 (2012).
31.Javey, A., Guo, J., Farmer, D.B., Wang, Q., Wang, D., Gordon, R.G., Lundstrom, M., Dai, H., Nano Lett. 4 (3), 447 (2004).
32.Javey, A., Guo, J., Wang, Q., Lundstrom, M., Dai, H., Nature 424, 654 (2003).
33.Zhang, Z., Liang, X., Wang, S., Yao, K., Hu, Y., Zhu, Y., Chen, Q., Zhou, W., Li, Y., Yao, Y., Zhang, J., Peng, L.-M., Nano Lett. 7 (12), 3603 (2007).
34.Ding, L., Wang, S., Zhang, Z., Zeng, Q., Wang, Z., Pei, T., Yang, L., Liang, X., Shen, J., Chen, Q., Cui, R., Li, Y., Peng, L., Nano Lett. 9 (12), 4209 (2009).
35.Franklin, A.D., Chen, Z., Nat. Nanotechnol. 5 (12), 858 (2010).
36.Wang, Z., Xu, H., Zhang, Z., Wang, S., Ding, L., Zeng, Q., Yang, L., Pei, T., Liang, X., Gao, M., Peng, L.-M., Nano Lett. 10 (6), 2024 (2010).
37.Addou, R., Dahal, A., Batzill, M., Nat. Nanotechnol. 8 (1), 41 (2013).
38.Wang, L., Chen, X., Wang, Y., Wu, Z., Li, W., Han, Y., Zhang, M., He, Y., Zhu, C., Fung, K.K., Wang, N., Nanoscale 5 (3), 1116 (2013).
39.Farmer, D.B., Gordon, R.G., Nano Lett. 6, 699 (2006).
40.Chen, Z., Farmer, D., Xu, S., Gordon, R., Avouris, P., Appenzeller, J., IEEE Electron Devices Lett. 29 (2), 183 (2008).
41.Franklin, A.D., Koswatta, S.O., Farmer, D.B., Smith, J.T., Gignac, L., Breslin, C.M., Han, S.-J., Tulevski, G.S., Miyazoe, H., Haensch, W., Tersoff, J., Nano Lett. 13 (6), 2490 (2013).
42.Laudon, J., ACM SIGARCH Comput. Archit. News 33 (4), 5 (2005).
43.Rivoire, S., Shah, M.A., Ranganathan, P., Kozyrakis, C., Proc. 2007 ACM SIGMOD Int. Conf. Manage. Data 365 (2007).
44.Ding, L., Liang, S., Pei, T., Zhang, Z., Wang, S., Zhou, W., Liu, J., Peng, L.-M., Appl. Phys. Lett. 100 (26), 263116 (2012).
45.Deng, J., Wong, H.-S.P., IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 54 (12), 3186 (2007).
46.Deng, J., Wong, H.-S.P., 54 (12), 3195 (2007).
47.Wei, L., Frank, D.J., Chang, L., Wong, H.-S.P., IEEE Electron Devices Mtg. 917 (2009).
48.Luo, J., Wei, L., Lee, C., Franklin, A.D., Guan, X., Pop, E., Antoniadis, D.A., Wong, H.-S.P., IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 60 (6), 1834 (2013).
49.Franklin, A.D., Luisier, M., Han, S.-J., Tulevski, G., Breslin, C.M., Gignac, L., Lundstrom, M.S., Haensch, W., Nano Lett. 12 (2), 758 (2012).
50.Zhang, Z., Wang, S., Wang, Z., Ding, L., Pei, T., Hu, Z., Liang, X., Chen, Q., Li, Y., Peng, L., ACS Nano 3 (11), 3781 (2009).
51.Shulaker, M.M., Hills, G., Patil, N., Wei, H., Chen, H.-Y., Wong, H.-S.P., Mitra, S., Nature 501 (7468), 526 (2013).
52.Lin, A., thesis “Carbon Nanotube Synthesis, Device Fabrication, and Circuit Design for Digital Logic Applications,” Stanford University, CA (2010).
53.Borkar, S., Proc. 48th Design Automation Conf. 214 (2011).
54.Batude, P., Vinet, M., Pouydebasque, A., Le Royer, C., Previtali, B., Tabone, C., Hartmann, J.-M., Sanchez, L., Baud, L., Carron, V., Toffoli, A., Allain, F., Mazzocchi, V., Lafond, D., Deleonibus, S., Faynot, O., 2011 IEEE Int. Symp. Circuits Syst. 2233 (2011).
55.Wei, H., Patil, N., Lin, A., Wong, H.-S.P., Mitra, S., 2013 IEEE Int. Electron Devices Mtg. 511 (2013).
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

MRS Bulletin
  • ISSN: 0883-7694
  • EISSN: 1938-1425
  • URL: /core/journals/mrs-bulletin
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 6
Total number of PDF views: 47 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 229 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 18th March 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.