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Glass-ceramics for nuclear-waste immobilization

  • John S. McCloy (a1) and Ashutosh Goel (a2)

Abstract

Crystallization in glasses is usually considered to be a problem in the glass industry. However, controlled crystallization of glasses is an important prerequisite in the development of glass-ceramics with tailored useful properties. Similar boundary conditions apply when considering glass-ceramics for the immobilization of nuclear waste via vitrification. While uncontrolled crystallization in nuclear-waste glasses is problematic, chemically durable glass-ceramics with significantly high waste loadings can be produced with controlled crystallization of glasses. This article presents an overview of various aspects of nuclear-waste glasses where crystallization is either considered to be advantageous or problematic. The classification of glass-ceramic waste forms and strategies to design glass-ceramics for a given waste stream is discussed. Some open and relevant problems faced by researchers developing nuclear-waste glass-ceramics are also offered.

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References

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Keywords

Glass-ceramics for nuclear-waste immobilization

  • John S. McCloy (a1) and Ashutosh Goel (a2)

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