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    Malik, Mohammad Malik, Sajid and Alenad, Asma 2015. Solar Energy Conversion and Storage.


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    Weng, Zhengyang Guo, Huan Liu, Xiangmei Wu, Shuilin Yeung, K. W. K. and Chu, Paul. K. 2013. Nanostructured TiO2 for energy conversion and storage. RSC Advances, Vol. 3, Issue. 47, p. 24758.


    Yu, Kehan and Chen, Junhong 2009. Enhancing Solar Cell Efficiencies through 1-D Nanostructures. Nanoscale Research Letters, Vol. 4, Issue. 1, p. 1.


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Hydropower, Geothermal, and Ocean Energy

  • Ralph E.H. Sims (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1557/mrs2008.79
  • Published online: 01 January 2011
Abstract
Abstract

Some forms of renewable energy have long contributed to electricity generation, whereas others are just emerging. For example, large-scale hydropower is a mature technology generating about 16% of global electricity, and many smaller scale systems are also being installed worldwide. Future opportunities to improve the technology are limited but include upgrading of existing plants to gain greater performance efficiencies and reduced maintenance. Geothermal energy, widely used for power generation and direct heat applications, is also mature, but new technologies could improve plant designs, extend their lifetimes, and improve reliability. By contrast, ocean energy is an emerging renewable energy technology. Design, development, and testing of a myriad of devices remain mainly in the research and development stage, with many opportunities for materials science to improve design and performance, reduce costly maintenance procedures, and extend plant operating lifetimes under the harsh marine environment.

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MRS Bulletin
  • ISSN: 0883-7694
  • EISSN: 1938-1425
  • URL: /core/journals/mrs-bulletin
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