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  • Cited by 4
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Malik, Mohammad Malik, Sajid and Alenad, Asma 2015. Solar Energy Conversion and Storage.

    Alam Khan, M. and Kang, Yong-Mook 2014. Synthesis and processing of strong light absorbent iron pyrite quantum dots in polymer matrix for efficiency enhancement of bulk-heterojunction solar cell. Materials Letters, Vol. 132, p. 273.

    Weng, Zhengyang Guo, Huan Liu, Xiangmei Wu, Shuilin Yeung, K. W. K. and Chu, Paul. K. 2013. Nanostructured TiO2 for energy conversion and storage. RSC Advances, Vol. 3, Issue. 47, p. 24758.

    Yu, Kehan and Chen, Junhong 2009. Enhancing Solar Cell Efficiencies through 1-D Nanostructures. Nanoscale Research Letters, Vol. 4, Issue. 1, p. 1.


Hydropower, Geothermal, and Ocean Energy

  • Ralph E.H. Sims (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 January 2011

Some forms of renewable energy have long contributed to electricity generation, whereas others are just emerging. For example, large-scale hydropower is a mature technology generating about 16% of global electricity, and many smaller scale systems are also being installed worldwide. Future opportunities to improve the technology are limited but include upgrading of existing plants to gain greater performance efficiencies and reduced maintenance. Geothermal energy, widely used for power generation and direct heat applications, is also mature, but new technologies could improve plant designs, extend their lifetimes, and improve reliability. By contrast, ocean energy is an emerging renewable energy technology. Design, development, and testing of a myriad of devices remain mainly in the research and development stage, with many opportunities for materials science to improve design and performance, reduce costly maintenance procedures, and extend plant operating lifetimes under the harsh marine environment.

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MRS Bulletin
  • ISSN: 0883-7694
  • EISSN: 1938-1425
  • URL: /core/journals/mrs-bulletin
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