Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Materials for x-ray refractive lenses minimizing wavefront distortions

  • Thomas Roth (a1), Lucia Alianelli (a2), Daniel Lengeler (a3), Anatoly Snigirev (a4) and Frank Seiboth (a5)...
Abstract

Refraction through curved surfaces, reflection from curved mirrors in grazing incidence, and diffraction from Fresnel zone plates are key hard x-ray focusing mechanisms. In this article, we present materials used for refractive x-ray lenses. Important properties of such x-ray lenses include focusing strength, shape, and the material’s homogeneity and absorption coefficient. Both the properties of the initial material and the fabrication process result in a lens with imperfections, which can lead to unwanted wavefront distortions. Different fabrication methods for one-dimensional and two-dimensional focusing lenses are presented, together with the respective benefits and inconveniences that are mostly due to shape fidelity. Different materials and material grades have been investigated in terms of their homogeneity and the absence of inclusions. Single-crystalline materials show high homogeneity, but suffer from unwanted diffracted radiation, which can be avoided using amorphous materials. Finally, we show that shape imperfections can be corrected using a correction lens.

Copyright
References
Hide All
1. Ice, G.E., Budai, J.D., Pang, J.W.L., Science 334, 1234 (2011).
2. Tomie, T., “X-ray Lens,” Japanese Patent 6045288 (1994).
3. Snigirev, A., Kohn, V., Snigireva, I., Lengeler, B., Nature 384, 49 (1996).
4. Wilhelm, F., Garbarino, G., Jacobs, J., Vitoux, H., Steinmann, R., Guillou, F., Snigirev, A., Snigireva, I., Voisin, P., Braithwaite, D., Aoki, D., Brison, J.-P., Kantor, I., Lyatun, I., Rogalev, A., High Press. Res. 36, 445 (2016).
5. Serebrennikov, D., Clementyev, E., Semenov, A., Snigirev, A., J. Synchrotron Radiat. 23, 1315 (2016).
6. Vaughan, G.B.M., Wright, J.P., Bytchkov, A., Rossat, M., Gleyzolle, H., Snigireva, I., Snigirev, A., J. Synchrotron Radiat. 18, 125 (2011).
7. Aristov, V.V., Grigoriev, M.V., Kuznetsov, S.M., Shabelnikov, L.G., Yunkin, V.A., Hoffmann, M., Voges, E., Opt. Commun. 177, 33 (2000).
8. Schroer, C.G., Kurapova, O., Patommel, J., Boye, P., Feldkamp, J., Lengeler, B., Burghammer, M., Riekel, C., Vincze, L., van der Hart, A., Küchler, M., Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 124103 (2005).
9. Schroer, C.G., Lengeler, B., Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 054802 (2005).
10. Sanchez del Rio, M., Alianelli, L., J. Synchrotron Radiat. 19, 366 (2012).
11. Evans-Lutterodt, K., Ablett, J.M., Stein, A., Kao, C.-C., Tennant, D.M., Klemens, F., Taylor, A., Jacobsen, C., Gammel, P.L., Huggins, H., Ustin, S., Bogart, G., Ocola, L., Opt. Express 11, 919 (2003).
12. Alianelli, L., Sawhney, K.J.S., Barrett, R., Pape, I., Malik, A., Wilson, M.C., Opt. Express 19, 11120 (2011).
13. Seiboth, F., Schropp, A., Scholz, M., Wittwer, F., Rödel, C., Wünsche, M., Ullsperger, T., Nolte, S., Rahomäki, J., Parfeniukas, K., Giakoumidis, S., Vogt, U., Wagner, U., Rau, C., Boesenberg, U., Garrevoet, J., Falkenberg, G., Galtier, E.C., Lee, H.J., Nagler, B., Schroer, C.G., Nat. Commun. 8, 14623 (2017).
14. Goto, S., Yabashi, M., Tamasaku, K., Ishikawa, T., AIP Conf. Proc. 879, 1057 (2007).
15. Lengeler, B., Schroer, C., Tümmler, J., Benner, B., Richwin, M., Snigirev, A., Snigireva, I., Drakopoulos, M., J. Synchrotron Radiat. 6, 1153 (1999).
16. Tümmler, J., “Development of Compound Refractive Lenses for Hard X-rays,” PhD thesis, RWTH Aachen, Germany (2000).
17. Dombrowski, D.E., Fusion Eng. Des. 37, 229 (1997).
18. Roth, T., Helfen, L., Hallmann, J., Samoylova, L., Kwaśniewski, P., Lengeler, B., Madsen, A., Proc. SPIE 9207, 920702 (2014).
19. Lyatun, I.I., Goikhman, A.Y., Ershov, P.A., Snigireva, I.I., Snigirev, A.A., J. Surf. Invest. X-ray Synchrotron Neutron Tech. 9, 446 (2015).
20. Andrejcuk, A., Sakurai, Y., Itou, M., AIP Conf. Proc. 879, 994 (2007).
21. Nazmov, V., Reznikova, E., Last, A., Mohr, J., Saile, V., Simon, R., DiMichiel, M., AIP Conf. Proc. 879, 770 (2007).
22. Walker, M.J., Proc. SPIE 4407, 89 (2001).
23. Evans-Lutterodt, K., Stein, A., Ablett, J.M., Bozovic, N., Taylor, A., Tennant, D.M., Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 134801 (2007).
24. Isakovic, A.F., Stein, A., Warren, J.B., Narayanan, S., Sprung, M., Sandy, A.R., Evans-Lutterodt, K., J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16, 8 (2009).
25. Fox, O.J.L., Alianelli, L., Malik, A.M., Pape, I., May, P.W., Sawhney, K.J.S., Opt. Express 22, 7657 (2014).
26. Seiboth, F., Scholz, M., Patommel, J., Hoppe, R., Wittwer, F., Reinhardt, J., Seidel, J., Knaut, M., Jahn, A., Richter, K., Bartha, J., Falkenberg, G., Schroer, C.G., Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 131110 (2014).
27. Terentyev, S., Blank, V., Polyakov, S., Zholudev, S., Snigirev, A., Polikarpov, M., Kolodziej, T., Qian, J., Zhou, H., Shvyd’ko, Y., Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 111108 (2015).
28. Antipov, S., Baryshev, S.V., Butler, J.E., Antipova, O., Liu, Z., Stoupin, S., J. Synchrotron Radiat. 23, 163 (2016).
29. Polikarpov, M., Snigireva, I., Snigirev, A., AIP Conf. Proc. 1741, 040024 (2016).
30. Terentyev, S., Polikarpov, M., Snigireva, I., Di Michiel, M., Zholudev, S., Yunkin, V., Kuznetsov, S., Blank, V., Snigirev, A., J. Synchrotron Radiat. 24, 103 (2017).
31. Polikarpov, M., Snigireva, I., Morse, J., Yunkin, V., Kuznetsov, S., Snigirev, A., J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22, 23 (2015).
32. Kononenko, T.V., Ralchenko, V.G., Ashkinazi, E.E., Polikarpov, M., Ershov, P., Kuznetsov, S., Yunkin, V., Snigireva, I., Konov, V.I., Appl. Phys. A 122, 152 (2016).
33. Seiboth, F., Kahnt, M., Scholz, M., Seyrich, M., Wittwer, F., Garrevoet, J., Falkenberg, G., Schropp, A., Schroer, C.G., Proc. SPIE 9963, 99630P (2016).
34. Vaezi, M., Seitz, H., Yang, S., Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 67, 1721 (2013).
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

MRS Bulletin
  • ISSN: 0883-7694
  • EISSN: 1938-1425
  • URL: /core/journals/mrs-bulletin
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Type Description Title
PDF
Supplementary materials

Roth supplementary material
Roth supplementary material 1

 PDF (101 KB)
101 KB
PDF
Supplementary materials

Roth supplementary material
Table 1

 PDF (72 KB)
72 KB

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed