Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Mechanics of Ultra-Strength Materials

Abstract
Abstract

Recent experiments on nanoscale materials, including nanowires, nanopillars, nanoparticles, nanolayers, and nanocrystals, have revealed a host of “ultra-strength” phenomena, defined by stresses in the material generally rising up to a significant fraction of the ideal strength—the highest achievable strength of a defect-free crystal. This article presents an overview of the strength-controlling deformation mechanisms and related mechanics models in ultra-strength nanoscale materials. The critical role of the activation volume is highlighted in understanding the deformation mechanisms, as well as the size, temperature, and strain rate dependence of ultra strength.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

2 S. Ogata , J. Li , S. Yip , Science 298, 807 (2002).

3 S. Ogata , J. Li , N. Hirosaki , Y. Shibutani , S. Yip , Phys. Rev. B 70, 104104 (2004).

4 T. Li , J.W. Morris , N. Nagasako , S. Kuramoto , D.C. Chrzan , Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 105503 (2007).

5 C.A. Schuh , T.C. Hufnagel , U. Ramamurty , Acta Mater. 55, 4067 (2007).

6 J. Li , MRS Bull. 32, 151 (2007).

7 M.A. Meyers , A. Mishra , D.J. Benson , Prog. Mater. Sci. 51, 427 (2006).

9 M.F. Yu , B.S. Files , S. Arepalli , R.S. Ruoff , Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5552 (2000).

10 B. Peng , M. Mocascio , P. Zapol , S. Li , S.L. Mielke , G.C. Schatz , H.D. Espinosa , Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 626 (2008).

11 I. Kaplan-Ashiri , S.R. Cohen , K. Gartsman , V. Ivanovskaya , T. Heine , G. Seifert , I. Wiesel , H.D. Wagner , R. Tenne , Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.103, 523 (2006).

12 B. Wen , J.E. Sader , J.J. Boland , Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 175502 (2008).

13 S. Hoffmann , I. Utke , B. Moser , J. Michler , S.H. Christiansen , V. Schmidt , S. Senz , P. Werner , U. Gosele , C. Ballif , Nano Lett. 6, 622 (2006).

14 B. Wu , A. Heidelberg , J.J. Boland , J.E. Sader , X.M. Sun , Y.D. Li , Nano Lett. 6, 468 (2006).

15 B. Wu , A. Heidelberg , J.J. Boland , Nat. Mater. 4, 525 (2005).

16 J.R. Greer , W.D. Nix , Phys. Rev. B 73, 245410 (2006).

17 C.A. Volkert , E.T. Lilleodden , Philos. Mag. 86, 5567 (2006).

18 W.W. Gerberich , W.M. Mook , C.R. Perrey , C.B. Carter , M.I. Baskes , R. Mukherjee , A. Gidwani , J. Heberlein , P.H. McMurry , S.L. Girshick , J. Mech. Phys. Solids 51, 979 (2003).

19 Z.W. Shan , G. Adesso , A. Cabot , M.P. Sherburne , S.A. Syed Asif , O.L. Warren , D.C. Chrzan , A.M. Minor , A.P. Alivisatos , Nat. Mater. 7, 947 (2008).

20 C. Lee , X.D. Wei , J.W. Kysar , J. Hone , Science 321, 385 (2008).

21 G.H. Vineyard , J. Phys. Chem. Solids 3, 121 (1957).

22 G. Henkelman , B.P. Uberuaga , H. Jonsson , J. Chem. Phys. 113, 9901 (2000).

23 A. Gouldstone , K.J. Van Vliet , S. Suresh , Nature 411, 656 (2001).

24 P. Schall , I. Cohen , D.A. Weitz , F. Spaepen , Nature 440, 319 (2006).

25 J. Li , K.J. Van Vliet , T. Zhu , S. Yip , S. Suresh , Nature 418, 307 (2002).

27 H.S. Park , P.A. Klein , Phys. Rev. B 75, 085408 (2007).

28 T. Zhu , J. Li , A. Samanta , A. Leach , K. Gall , Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 025502 (2008).

29 H. Bei , Y.F. Gao , S. Shim , E.P. George , G.M. Pharr , Phys. Rev. B 77, 060103 (2008).

30 C.A. Volkert , E.T. Lilleodden , D. Kramer , J. Weissmuller , Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061920 (2006).

33 A. Misra , J.P. Hirth , R.G. Hoagland , Acta Mater. 53, 4817 (2005).

34 L. Lu , Y.F. Shen , X.H. Chen , L.H. Qian , K. Lu , Science 304, 422 (2004).

35 E. W. Hart , Acta Metall. 15, 351 (1967).

36 L. Lu , R. Schwaiger , Z.W. Shan , M. Dao , K. Lu , S. Suresh , Acta Mater. 53, 2169 (2005).

37 T. Zhu , J. Li , A. Samanta , H.G. Kim , S. Suresh , Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.104, 3031 (2007).

38 J. Schiotz , K.W. Jacobsen , Science 301, 1357 (2003).

39 A.S. Argon , S. Yip , Philos. Mag. Lett. 86, 713 (2006).

40 H. Conrad , Nanotechnology 18, 325701 (2007).

41 R.W. Armstrong , P. Rodriguez , Philos. Mag. 86, 5787 (2006).

42 M. Dao , L. Lu , R.J. Asaro , J.T.M. De Hosson , E. Ma , Acta Mater. 55, 4041 (2007).

43 H. Van Swygenhoven , P.M. Derlet , A.G. Froseth , Acta Mater. 54, 1975 (2006).

44 K. Zhang , J.R. Weertman , J.A. Eastman , Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 061921 (2005).

45 D.S. Gianola , S. Van Petegem , M. Legros , S. Brandstetter , H. Van Swygenhoven , K.J. Hemker , Acta Mater. 54, 2253 (2006).

46 J.C.M. Li , Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 215506 (2006).

47 J.W. Cahn , Y. Mishin , A. Suzuki , Acta Mater. 54, 4953 (2006).

48 M.W. Chen , E. Ma , K.J. Hemker , H.W. Sheng , Y.M. Wang , X.M. Cheng , Science 300, 1275 (2003).

49 H. Van Swygenhoven , P.M. Derlet , A.G. Froseth , Nat. Mater. 3, 399 (2004).

50 R.J. Asaro , S. Suresh , Acta Mater. 53, 3369 (2005).

51 X.D. Han , K. Zheng , Y.F. Zhang , X.N. Zhang , Z. Zhang , Z.L. Wang , Adv. Mater. 19, 2112 (2007).

52 T. Dumitrica , M. Hua , B.I. Yakobson , Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.103, 6105 (2006).

53 K. Kang , W. Cai , Philos. Mag. 87, 2169 (2007).

54 T. Belytschko , S.P. Xiao , G.C. Schatz , R.S. Ruoff , Phys. Rev. B 65, 235430 (2002).

55 D.H. Warner , W.A. Curtin , S. Qu , Nat. Mater. 6, 876 (2007).

57 V. Yamakov , D. Wolf , S.R. Phillpot , A.K. Mukherjee , H. Gleiter , Nat. Mater. 3, 43 (2004).

58 S. Yip , Nat. Mater. 3, 11 (2004).

59 D.L. McDowell , Mater. Sci. Eng., R 62, 67 (2008).

60 S. Suresh , J. Li , Nature 456, 716 (2008).

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

MRS Bulletin
  • ISSN: 0883-7694
  • EISSN: 1938-1425
  • URL: /core/journals/mrs-bulletin
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 46 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 166 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 27th May 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.