Skip to main content

Microfluidic Biomaterials

  • Abraham D. Stroock and Mario Cabodi

Biomedical applications—prostheses, tissue engineering, drug delivery, and wound healing—demand increasingly sophisticated characteristics from the materials that come into contact with living systems in the laboratory and the clinic. With the development of microfluidics, there is an opportunity to create active biomaterials based on embedded microfluidic structures. These structures allow for control of the concentrations of soluble chemicals and hydrodynamic stresses within the material and at its interfaces, and thus allow one to tailor the environment experienced by the living tissue. In this article, we review initial efforts to develop these microfluidic biomaterials and present considerations regarding the required characteristics of the materials and of the microfluidic-mediated mass transfer. As specific examples, we present work toward microfluidic control of mass transfer in scaffolds for tissue engineering and in wound dressings.

Hide All
1Boontheekul, T.Kong, H.J. and Mooney, D.J.Biomaterials 26 (2005) p. 2455.
2Burdick, J.A. and Anseth, K.S.Biomaterials 23 (2002) p. 4315.
3Ratner, B.D. and Bryant, S.J.Annu. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 6 (2004) p. 41.
4Beebe, D.J.Moore, J.S.Yu, Q.Liu, R.H.Kraft, M.L.Jo, B.H. and Devadoss, C.Proc. Natl. Acad. Science US A 97 (2000) p. 13488.
5Tsang, V.L. and Bhatia, S.N.Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev. 56 (2004) p. 1635.
6McDonald, J.C.Chabinyc, M.L.Metallo, S.J.Anderson, J.R.Stroock, A.D. and Whitesides, G.M.Anal. Chem. 74 (2002) p. 1537.
7Pins, G.D.Toner, M. and Morgan, J.R.FASEB J.14 (2000) p. 593.
8Tang, M.D.Golden, A.P. and Tien, J.J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125 (2003) p. 12988.
9Mayer, M.Yang, J.Gitlin, I.Gracias, D.H. and Whitesides, G.M.Proteomics 4 (2004) p. 2366.
10King, K.R.Wang, C.C.J.Kaazempur-Mofrad, M.R., Vacanti, J.P. and Borenstein, J.T.Adv. Mater. 16 (2004) p. 2007.
11Therriault, D.Shepherd, R.F.White, S.R.Lewis, J.A.Adv. Mater. 17 (2005) p. 395.
12LaBarbera, M.Science 249 (1990) p. 992.
13Fournier, R.L.Basic Transport Phenomena in Biomedical Engineering (Edwards Brothers, Lillington, N.C., 1998).
14Weisz, P.Science 179 (1973) p. 433.
15Colton, C.K.Cell Transplantation 4 (1995) p. 415.
16Cabodi, M.Choi, N.W.Gleghorn, J.P.Lee, C.S.D.Bonassar, L.J. and Stroock, A.D.J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127 (2005) p. 13788.
17Langer, R. and Vacanti, J. Eds., Principles of Tissue Engineering (Academic Press, San Diego, 2000).
18Martin, I.Wendt, D. and Heberer, M.Trends Biotechnol. 22 (2004) p. 80.
19Borenstein, J.T.Terai, H.King, K.R.Weinberg, E.J.Kaazempur-Mofrad, M.R., and Vacanti, J.P.Biomed. Microdevices 4 (2002) p. 167.
20Fidkowski, C.Kaazempur-Mofrad, M.R., Borenstein, J.Vacanti, J.P.Langer, R. and Wang, Y.D.Tissue Eng. 11 (2005) p. 302.
21Chang, S.C.N.Rowley, J.A.Tobias, G.Genes, N.G.Roy, A.K.Mooney, D.J.Vacanti, C.A. and Bonassar, L.J.J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 55 (2001) p. 503.
22Rowley, J.A.Madlambayan, G. and Mooney, D.J.Biomaterials 20 (1999) p. 45.
23Lambert, K.V.Hayes, P. and McCarthy, M.Eur. J. Vasc. Endovasc. Surg. 29 (2005) p. 219.
24Morykwas, M.J. and Argenta, L.C.FASEB J. 7 (1993) p. A138.
25Saxena, V.Hwang, C.W.Huang, S.Eichbaum, Q.Ingber, D. and Orgill, D.P.Plastic Reconstruct. Surg. 114 (2004) p. 1086.
26Cabodi, M.Havenstrite, K.L.Curtis, V.Suzanne, S. and Stroock, A.D.A Microfluidic Wound Dressing and Wound Analysis Tool,” presented at the ASME Summer Bioengineering Conf. (Vail, Co., June 22-26, 2005).
27Liu, Q.Hedberg, E.L.Liu, Z.Bahulekar, R.Meszlenyi, R.K. and Mikos, A.G.Biomaterials 21 (2000) p. 2163.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

MRS Bulletin
  • ISSN: 0883-7694
  • EISSN: 1938-1425
  • URL: /core/journals/mrs-bulletin
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 24 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 159 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 20th March 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.