Skip to main content Accessibility help

Self-Healing Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites

  • Ian P. Bond, Richard S. Trask and Hugo R. Williams


Self-healing is receiving an increasing amount of interest worldwide as a method to address damage in materials. In particular, for advanced high-performance fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composite materials, self-healing offers an alternative to employing conservative damage-tolerant designs and a mechanism for ameliorating inaccessible and invidious internal damage within a structure. This article considers in some detail the various self-healing technologies currently being developed for FRP composite materials. Key constraints for incorporating such a function in FRPs are that it not be detrimental to inherent mechanical properties and that it not impose a severe weight penalty.



Hide All
1.Richardson, M.O.W., Wisheart, M.J., Composites A 27A, 1123 (1996).
2.Trask, R.S., “Damage Tolerance of Repair Composite Sandwich Structures,” PhD thesis, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK (2005).
3.Greenhalgh, E., Hiley, M., Composites A 34, 151 (2003).
4.Kelkar, A.D., Tate, J.S., Bolick, R., Mater. Sci. Eng. B 132, 79 (2006).
5.Cartie, D.D.R., Dell'Anno, G., Poulin, E., Partridge, I.K., Eng. Fract. Mech. 73, 2532 (2006).
6.Trask, R.S., Williams, H.R., Bond, I.P., Bioinspired Biomim. 2, 1 (2007).
7.Zako, M., Takano, N., J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Struct. 10 (10), 836 (1999).
8.Hayes, S.A., Jones, F.R., Marshiya, K., Zhang, W., Composites A 38 (4), 1116 (2007).1
9.Hayes, S.A., Zhang, W., Branthwaite, M., Jones, F.R., J. R. Soc. Interface 4 (13), 381 (2007).
10.Kwok, N., Hahn, H.T., J. Compos. Mater. 41 (13), 1635 (2007).
11.Plaisted, T.A., Santos, C., Amirkhizi, A.V., Nemat-Nasser, S.C., Nemat-Nasser, S., in Proc. SPIE Vol. 5054 Smart Structures and Materials 2003: Industrial and Commercial Applications of Smart Structures Technologies, Anderson, E.H., Ed. (SPIE, Bellingham, WA, 2003), p. 372.
12.Chen, X., Dam, M.A., Ono, K., Mal, A.K., Shen, H., Nutt, S.R., Sheran, K., Wudl, F., Science 295, 1698 (2002).
13.Chen, X., Wudl, F., Mal, A.K., Shen, H., Nutt, S.R., Macromolecules 36 (6), 1802 (2003).
14.White, S.R., Sottos, N.R., Moore, J., Geubelle, P., Kessler, M., Brown, E., Suresh, S., Viswanathan, S., Nature 409 (6822), 794 (2001).
15.Kessler, M.R., White, S.R., Composites A 32 (5), 683 (2001).
16.Kessler, M.R., Sottos, N.R., White, S.R., Composites A 34 (8), 743 (2003).
17.Blaiszik, B., White, S.R., Sottos, N.R., Compos. Sci. Technol. 68, 978 (2008).
18.Rule, J.D., Sottos, N.R., White, S.R., Polymer 48, 3520 (2007).
19.Yin, T., Rong, M.Z., Zhang, M.Q., Yang, G.C., Compos. Sci. Technol. 67 (2), 201 (2007).
20.Yin, T., Zhou, L., Rong, M.Z., Zhang, M.Q., Smart Mater. Struct. 17, 8 (2008).
21.Dry, C., Compos. Struct. 35 (3), 263 (1996).
22.Motuku, M., Vaidya, U.K., Janowski, G.M., Smart Mater. Struct. 8 (5), 623 (1999).
23.Bleay, S.M., Loader, C.B., Hawyes, V.J., Humberstone, L., Curtis, P.T., Composites A 32 (12), 1767 (2001).
24.Pang, J.W.C., Bond, I.P., Compos. Sci. Technol. 65 (11–12), 1791 (2005).
25.Pang, J.W.C., Bond, I.P., Composites A 36 (2), 183 (2005).
26.Trask, R.S., Williams, G.J., Bond, I.P., J. R. Soc. Interface 4 (13), 363 (2007).
27.Williams, G., Trask, R., Bond, I., Composites A 38 (6), 1525 (2007).
28.Williams, G., Trask, R., Bond, I., in Proc. 48th AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference (AIAA-2007–2033, Honolulu, Hawaii, 23–26 April 2007).
29.Williams, H.R., Trask, R.S., Bond, I.P., Smart Mater. Struct. 16 (4), 1198 (2007).
30.Kalfas, I.H., Neurosurg. Focus 10, 1 (2001).
31.Fratzl, P., J. R. Soc. Interface 4, 637 (2007).


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed