Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Spectroscopic imaging in electron microscopy

  • Stephen J. Pennycook (a1) and Christian Colliex (a2)
Abstract
Abstract

In the scanning transmission electron microscope, multiple signals can be simultaneously collected, including the transmitted and scattered electron signals (bright field and annular dark field or Z-contrast images), along with spectroscopic signals such as inelastically scattered electrons and emitted photons. In the last few years, the successful development of aberration correctors for the electron microscope has transformed the field of electron microscopy, opening up new possibilities for correlating structure to functionality. Aberration correction not only allows for enhanced structural resolution with incident probes into the sub-Ångstrom range, but can also provide greater probe currents to facilitate mapping of intrinsically weak spectroscopic signals at the nanoscale or even the atomic level. In this issue of MRS Bulletin, we illustrate the power of the new generation of electron microscopes with a combination of imaging and spectroscopy. We show the mapping of elemental distributions at atomic resolution and also the mapping of electronic and optical properties at unprecedented spatial resolution, with applications ranging from graphene to plasmonic nanostructures, and oxide interfaces to biology.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Spectroscopic imaging in electron microscopy
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Spectroscopic imaging in electron microscopy
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Spectroscopic imaging in electron microscopy
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

2. C. Colliex , N. Brun , A. Gloter , D. Imhoff , M. Kociak , K. March , C. Mory , O. Stephan , M. Tence , M. Walls , Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 367, 3845 (2009).

3. S.J. Pennycook , M. Varela , A.R. Lupini , M.P. Oxley , M.F. Chisholm , J. Electron Microsc. 58, 87 (2009).

4. C. Jeanguillaume , C. Colliex , Ultramicroscopy 28, 252 (1989).

5. S.V. Kalinin , B.J. Rodriguez , A.Y. Borisevich , A.P. Baddorf , N. Balke , H.J. Chang , L.Q. Chen , S. Choudhury , S. Jesse , P. Maksymovych , M.P. Nikiforov , S.J. Pennycook , Adv. Mater. 22, 314 (2010).

6. D. Blavette , A. Bostel , J.M. Sarrau , B. Deconihout , A. Menand , Nature 363, 432 (1993).

7. M.K. Miller , R.G. Forbes , Mater. Charact. 60, 461 (2009).

9. M. Couillard , M. Kociak , O. Stephan , G.A. Botton , C. Colliex , Phys. Rev. B 76 (2007).

10. O. Scherzer , Z. Phys. 101, 114 (1936).

11. M. Haider , S. Uhlemann , E. Schwan , H. Rose , B. Kabius , K. Urban , Nature 392, 768 (1998).

12. O.L. Krivanek , N. Dellby , A.R. Lupini , Ultramicroscopy 78, 1 (1999).

14. S.J. Pennycook , P.D. Nellist , Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy: Imaging and Analysis (Springer, New York, 2011).

15. R. Erni , Aberration-Corrected Imaging in Transmission Electron Microscopy (Imperial College Press, London, 2010).

16. P.D. Nellist , M.F. Chisholm , N. Dellby , O.L. Krivanek , M.F. Murfitt , Z.S. Szilagyi , A.R. Lupini , A. Borisevich , W.H. Sides , S.J. Pennycook , Science 305, 1741 (2004).

17. P.E. Batson , N. Dellby , O.L. Krivanek , Nature 418, 617 (2002).

18. H. Sawada , F. Hosokawai , T. Kaneyama , T. Ishizawa , M. Terao , M. Kawazoe , T. Sannomiya , T. Tomita , Y. Kondo , T. Tanaka , Y. Oshima , Y. Tanishiro , N. Yamamoto , K. Takayanagi , Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L568 (2007).

19. C. Kisielowski , B. Freitag , M. Bischoff , H. van Lin , S. Lazar , G. Knippels , P. Tiemeijer , M. van der Stam , S. von Harrach , M. Stekelenburg , M. Haider , S. Uhlemann , H. Muller , P. Hartel , B. Kabius , D. Miller , I. Petrov , E.A. Olson , T. Donchev , E.A. Kenik , A.R. Lupini , J. Bentley , S.J. Pennycook , I.M. Anderson , A.M. Minor , A.K. Schmid , T. Duden , V. Radmilovic , Q.M. Ramasse , M. Watanabe , R. Erni , E.A. Stach , P. Denes , U. Dahmen , Microsc. Microanal. 14, 469 (2008).

20. A.R. Lupini , A.Y. Borisevich , J.C. Idrobo , H.M. Christen , M. Biegalski , S.J. Pennycook , Microsc. Microanal. 15, 441 (2009).

21. R. Erni , M.D. Rossell , C. Kisielowski , U. Dahmen , Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 096101 (2009).

22. H. Sawada , Y. Tanishiro , N. Ohashi , T. Tomita , F. Hosokawa , T. Kaneyama , Y. Kondo , K. Takayanagi , J. Electron Microsc. 58, 357 (2009).

23. C.L. Jia , M. Lentzen , K. Urban , Science 299, 870 (2003).

24. C.L. Jia , K. Urban , Science 303, 2001 (2004).

25. K. Urban , Science 321, 506 (2008).

26. A. Borisevich , O.S. Ovchinnikov , H.J. Chang , M.P. Oxley , P. Yu , J. Seidel , E.A. Eliseev , A.N. Morozovska , R. Ramesh , S.J. Pennycook , S.V. Kalinin , ACS Nano 4, 6071 (2010).

27. A.Y. Borisevich , H.J. Chang , M. Huijben , M.P. Oxley , S. Okamoto , M.K. Niranjan , J.D. Burton , E.Y. Tsymbal , Y.H. Chu , P. Yu , R. Ramesh , S.V. Kalinin , S.J. Pennycook , Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 087204 (2010).

28. J. He , A. Borisevich , S.V. Kalinin , S.J. Pennycook , S.T. Pantelides , Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 227203 (2010).

29. S.H. Oh , K. van Benthem , S.I. Molina , A.Y. Borisevich , W.D. Luo , P. Werner , N.D. Zakharov , D. Kumar , S.T. Pantelides , S.J. Pennycook , Nano Lett. 8, 1016 (2008).

30. D. Alloyeau , B. Freitag , S. Dag , L.W. Wang , C. Kisielowski , Phys. Rev. B 80, 014114 (2009).

31. K. Kimoto , R. Xie , Y. Matsui , K. Ishizuka , N. Hirosaki , Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 041908 (2009).

32. S.Y. Chung , S.Y. Choi , T. Yamamoto , Y. Ikuhara , Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 125502 (2008).

33. O.L. Krivanek , M.F. Chisholm , V. Nicolosi , T.J. Pennycook , G.J. Corbin , N. Dellby , M.F. Murfitt , C.S. Own , Z.S. Szilagyi , M.P. Oxley , S.T. Pantelides , S.J. Pennycook , Nature 464, 571 (2010).

34. O.L. Krivanek , N. Dellby , M.F. Murfitt , M.F. Chisholm , T.J. Pennycook , K. Suenaga , V. Nicolosi , Ultramicroscopy 110, 935 (2010).

35. M. Bosman , V.J. Keast , J.L. Garcia-Munoz , A.J. D’Alfonso , S.D. Findlay , L.J. Allen , Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 086102 (2007).

36. D.A. Muller , L.F. Kourkoutis , M. Murfitt , J.H. Song , H.Y. Hwang , J. Silcox , N. Dellby , O.L. Krivanek , Science 319, 1073 (2008).

37. M. Varela , M.P. Oxley , W. Luo , J. Tao , M. Watanabe , A.R. Lupini , S.T. Pantelides , S.J. Pennycook , Phys. Rev. B 79, 085117 (2009).

38. N. Bonnet , N. Brun , C. Colliex , Ultramicroscopy 77, 97 (1999).

39. M. Bosman , M. Watanabe , D.T.L. Alexander , V.J. Keast , Ultramicroscopy 106, 1024 (2006).

40. P. Yu , J. Lee , S. Okamoto , M. Rossell , M. Huijben , C. Yang , Q. He , J. Zhang , S. Yang , M. Lee , Q. Ramasse , R. Erni , Y. Chu , D. Arena , C. Kao , L. Martin , R. Ramesh , Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 027201 (2010).

41. C. Colliex , P. Trebbia , Ultramicroscopy 9, 259 (1982).

42. M. Isaacson , D. Johnson , Ultramicroscopy 1, 33 (1975).

43. O.L. Krivanek , J.H. Paterson , Ultramicroscopy 32, 313 (1990).

44. H. Kurata , C. Colliex , Phys. Rev. B 48, 2102 (1993).

45. R.D. Leapman , L.A. Grunes , Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 397 (1980).

46. R.D. Leapman , L.A. Grunes , P.L. Fejes , Phys. Rev. B 26, 614 (1982).

47. S. Van Aert , J. Verbeeck , R. Erni , S. Bals , M. Luysberg , D. Dyck , G. Tendeloo , Ultramicroscopy 109, 1236 (2009).

48. L.F. Kourkoutis , H. Xin , T. Higuchi , Y. Hotta , J. Lee , Y. Hikita , D. Schlom , H. Hwang , D. Muller , Philos. Mag. 90, 4731 (2010).

49. L. Gunawan , S. Lazar , O. Gautreau , C. Harnagea , A. Pignolet , G.A. Botton , Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 192902 (2009).

50. J. Nelayah , M. Kociak , O. Stephan , F.J. Garcia de Abajo , M. Tence , L. Henrard , D. Taverna , I. Pastoriza-Santos , L.M. Liz-Marzan , C. Colliex , Nat. Phys. 3, 348 (2007).

52. A.J. D’Alfonso , B. Freitag , D. Klenov , L.J. Allen , Phys. Rev. B 81, 100101 (2010).

53. M.W. Chu , S.C. Liou , C.P. Chang , F.S. Choa , C.H. Chen , Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 196101 (2010).

54. C. Witte , S.D. Findlay , M.P. Oxley , J.J. Rehr , L.J. Allen , Phys. Rev. B 80, 184108 (2009).

55. M. Prange , M.P. Oxley , S.J. Pennycook , S.T. Pantelides , in Microscopy and Microanalysis 2011 (Microscopy and Microanalysis, Nashville, TN, 2011), vol. 17 (Suppl. 2), p. 808.

56. M. Haider , P. Hartel , H. Müller , Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 367, 3665 (2009).

57. O.L. Krivanek , J.P. Ursin , N.J. Bacon , G.J. Corbin , N. Dellby , P. Hrncirik , M.F. Murfitt , C.S. Own , Z.S. Szilagyi , Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 367, 3683 (2009).

58. A.J. D’Alfonso , S.D. Findlay , M.P. Oxley , S.J. Pennycook , K. van Benthem , L.J. Allen , Ultramicroscopy 108, 17 (2007).

59. A.J. D’Alfonso , E.C. Cosgriff , S.D. Findlay , G. Behan , A.I. Kirkland , P.D. Nellist , L.J. Allen , Ultramicroscopy 108, 1567 (2008).

60. F. Carbone , O.-H. Kwon , A.H. Zewail , Science 325, 181 (2009).

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

MRS Bulletin
  • ISSN: 0883-7694
  • EISSN: 1938-1425
  • URL: /core/journals/mrs-bulletin
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 6
Total number of PDF views: 171 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 72 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 19th August 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.