Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Visualizing the Behavior of Dislocations—Seeing is Believing

Abstract
Abstract

The spatial resolution of the transmission electron microscope makes it an ideal environment in which to continuously track the real-time response of a system to an external stimulus and to discover and quantify the rate-limiting fundamental microscopic processes and mechanisms governing the macroscopic properties. Advances in instrumentation, stage design, recording media, computational power, and image manipulation software are providing new opportunities for not only observing the microscopic mechanisms but also measuring concurrently the macroscopic response. In this article, the capability of this technique as applied to mechanical properties of materials is highlighted.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

1. P.B. Hirsch , R.W. Horne , and M.J. Whelan , Phil. Mag. A 1, 677 (1956).

2. E.P. Butler , Reports Prog. Phys. 42, 833 (1979).

4. U. Messerschmidt and F. Appel , Ultra-microscopy 1, 223 (1976).

5. M.A. Haque and M.T.A. Saif , J. Microelectromechanical Syst. 10, 146 (2001).

6. Y. Zhu and H.D. Espinosa , Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 102, 14503 (2005).

8. M.A. Haque and M.T.A. Saif , Scripta Mater. 47, 863 (2002).

9. M.A. Haque and M.T.A. Saif , Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 101, 6335 (2004).

10. L. Rajagopalan , J.H. Han , and M.T.A. Saif , Science 315, 1831 (2007).

11. D. Golberg , P.M.F.J. Costa , O. Lourie , M. Mitome , X. Bai , K. Kurashima , C. Zhi , C. Tang , and Y. Bando , Nano Letters 7, 2146 (2007).

12. D. Golberg , X.D. Bai , M. Mitome , C.C. Tang , C.Y. Zhi , and Y. Bando , Acta Mater. 55, 1293 (2007).

14. H. Saka and T. Imura , J. Phys. Soc. Japan 32, 702 (1972).

16. T.C. Lee , I.M. Robertson , and H.K. Birnbaum , Acta Metall. et Mater. 40, 2569 (1992).

19. L.M. Hsiung , A.J. Schwartz , and T.G. Nieh , Scripta Mater. 36, 1017 (1997).

20. D. Haeussler , U. Messerschmidt , M. Bartsch , F. Appel , and R. Wagner , Mater. Sci. & Engin. A 233, 15 (1997).

21. B. Baufeld , D. Baither , U. Messerschmidt , and M. Bartsch , Phys. Stat. Sol. (A) 150, 297 (1995).

22. J. Gemperlova , A. Jacques , A. Gemperle , and N. Zarubova . Interface Science 10, 51 (2002).

23. W.A.T. Clark , C.E. Wise , Z. Shen , and R.H. Wagoner , Ultramicroscopy 30, 76 (1989).

24. X. Baillin , J. Pelissier , A. Jacques , and A. George , Phil. Mag. A 61, 329 (1990).

25. F.K. LeGoues , M.C. Reuter , J. Tersoff , M. Hammar , and R.M. Tromp , Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 300 (1994).

26. T.C. Lee , I.M. Robertson , and H.K. Birnbaum , Metall. Trans. A 21, 2437 (1990).

28. M. Jin , A.M. Minor , E.A. Stach , and J.W. Morris Jr,, Acta Mater. 52, 5381 (2004).

29. M. Jin , A.M. Minor , and J.W. Morris Jr, Thin Solid Films 515, 3202 (2007).

30. W.W. Gerberich , W.M. Mook , M.D. Chambers , M.J. Cordill , C.R. Perrey , C.B. Carter , R.E. Miller , W.A. Curtin , R. Mukherjee , and S.L. Girshick , Trans ASME. J. Appl. Mechs. 73, 327 (2006).

31. A.M. Minor , S.A.S. Asif , Z.W. Shan , E.A. Stach , E. Cyrankowski , T. Wyrobek , and O. Warren , Nature Mat. 5, 697 (2006).

32. J. Deneen , W.M. Mook , A. Minor , W.W. Gerberich , and C.B. Carter , J. Mater. Sci. 41, 4477 (2006).

33. J. Li , K.J.V. Vliet , T. Zhu , S. Yip , and S. Suresh , Nature Mat. 418, 307 (2002).

34. J.D. Nowak , W.M. Mook , A.M. Minor , W.W. Gerberich , and C.B. Carter , Phil. Mag. 87, 29 (2007).

35. M.J. Cordill , M.D. Chambers , M.S. Lund , D.M. Hallman , C.R. Perrey , C.B. Carter , A. Bapat , U. Kortshagen , and W.W. Gerberich , Acta Mater. 54, 4515 (2006).

38. Y. Xiang , D.J. Srolovitz , and L.T. Cheng , Acta Mater. 52, 1745 (2004).

39. Y. Xiang and D.J. Srolovitz , Phil. Mag. 86, 3937 (2006).

41. J. Rösler and E. Arzt , Acta Metall. et Mater. 38, 671 (1990).

42. E. Arzt , G. Dehm , P. Gumbsch , O. Kraft , and D. Weiss . Prog. Mater. Sci. 46, 283 (2001).

45. I.M. Robertson and D. Teter , Miscrosc. Res. Tech. 42, 260 (1998).

46. I.M. Robertson , Enginr. Fract. Mech. 68, 671 (2001).

48. J. Lufrano , P. Sofronis , and H.K. Birnbaum , J. Mech. Phys. Solids 44, 179 (1996).

49. P. Sofronis and I.M. Robertson , Phil. Mag. A 82, 3405 (2002).

50. Y. Liang , P. Sofronis , and N. Aravas , Acta Mater. 51, 2717 (2003).

52. B.D. Wirth , V.V. Bulatov , and T. De La Diaz Rubia , J. Engr. Mater.& Techn. 124, 329 (2002).

53. J.S. Robach , I.M. Robertson , B.D. Wirth , and A. Arsenlis , Phil. Mag. A 83, 955 (2003).

56. Y. Matsukawa , Y.N. Osetsky , R.E. Stoller , and S.J. Zinkle , J. Nucl.Mater. 351, 285 (2006).

57. J.S. Robach , I.M. Robertson , H.J. Lee , B.D. Wirth , Acta Mater. 54, 1679 (2006).

59. B.N. Singh , A.J.E. Foreman , and H. Trinkaus , J. Nucl.Mater. 249, 103 (1997).

61. A. Arsenlis , B.D. Wirth , M. Rhee , Phil. Mag. 84, 3617 (2004).

62. F.M. Ross , R. Hull , D. Bahnck , J.C. Bean , L. J. Peticolas , and C.A. King , Appl. Phys. Lett. 62 1426 (1993).

64. R. Hull , J.C. Bean , D.J. Werder , and R.E. Leibenguth . Phys. Rev. B 40, 1681 (1989)

65. R. Hull , and J.C. Bean . J. Vac. Sci. & Tech A 7, 2580 (1989).

66. R. Hull , J.C. Bean , and C. Buescher , J. Appl. Phys. 66, 837 (1989).

69. B.W. Dodson and J.Y. Tsao , Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1325 (1987).

70. R. Hull , J.C. Bean , L. Peticolas , D. Bahnck , and F. Unterwald , J. Appl. Phys. 70, 2052 (1990).

71. R. Hull and J.C. Bean , Phys. Stat. Sol. (A) 138, 533 (1993).

72. F. Louchet , Y. Brechet , J. Pelissier , and D.C. Muchy , Phil. Mag. A 57, 327 (1988).

73. M. Inoue , K. Suzuki , H. Amasuga , Y. Mera , and K. Maeda , J. Appl. Phys. 83, 1953 (1998).

74. H.R. Kolar , J.C.H. Spence , H. Alexander , Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4031 (1996).

75. E. Orowan . Proc. Phys. Soc. 52, 8 (1940).

76. D.C. Houghton , J. Appl. Phys. 70, 2136 (1991).

78. E.A. Stach , K.W. Schwarz , R. Hull , F.M. Ross , and R.M. Tromp , Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 947 (2000).

79. R. Hull and J.C. Bean . Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 925 (1989).

80. L.B. Freund , J. Appl. Phys. 68, 2073 (1990).

81. K.W. Schwarz , Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4785 (1997).

83. W.D. Nix , Metall. Trans. A 20, 2217 (1989).

84. E. Arzt , Acta Mater. 46, 5611 (1998).

86. P. Wellner , O. Kraft , G. Dehm , J. Andersons , and E. Arzt , Acta Mater. 52, 2325 (2004).

87. Y. Choi and S. Suresh , Acta Mater. 50, 1881 (2002).

88. K.S. Kumar , S. Suresh , M.F. Chisholm , J.A. Horton , and P. Wang , Acta Mater. 51, 387 (2003).

89. E. Eiper , J. Keckes , K.J. Martinschitz , I. Zizak , M. Cabie , and G. Dehm , Acta Mater. 55, 1941 (2007).

90. R. Venkatraman , J.C. Bravman , W.D. Nix , P.W. Davies , P.A. Flinn , and D.B. Fraser , J. Electron. Mater. 19, 1231 (1990).

92. G. Dehm , T.J. Balk , H. Edongue , and E. Arzt , Microelectronic Engineering 70, 412 (2003).

94. B.J. Inkson , G. Dehm , and T. Wagner , Acta Mater. 50, 5033 (2002).

95. G. Dehm and E. Arzt , Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1126 (2000).

97. G. Dehm , C. Motz , C. Scheu , H. Clemens , P.H. Mayrhofer , and C. Mitterer . Advanced Engineering Materials 8, 1033 (2006).

99. H. Gao , L. Zhang , W.D. Nix , C.V. Thompson , and E. Arzt , Acta Mater. 47, 2865 (1999).

101. G. Dehm , M. Legros , and B. Heiland . J. Mater. Sci. 41, 4484 (2006).

102. S.H. Oh , M. Legros , D. Kiener , P. Gruber , and G. Dehm , Acta Mater. 55, 5558 (2007).

103. T.J. Balk , G. Dehm , and E. Arzt , Acta Mater. 51, 4471 (2003).

104. M. Chen , E. Ma , K.J. Hemker , H. Sheng , Y. Wang , and X. Cheng . Science 300, 1275 (2003).

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

MRS Bulletin
  • ISSN: 0883-7694
  • EISSN: 1938-1425
  • URL: /core/journals/mrs-bulletin
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 28 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 81 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 28th May 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.