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Hydrogen Storage in Novel Carbon-Based Nanostructured Materials

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 February 2011

Erin S. Whitney
Affiliation:
erin_whitney@nrel.gov, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, 80401, United States
Calvin J. Curtis
Affiliation:
calvin_curtis@nrel.gov, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, 80401, United States
Chaiwat Engtrakul
Affiliation:
chaiwat_engtrakul@nrel.gov, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, 80401, United States
Mark F. Davis
Affiliation:
mark_davis@nrel.gov, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, 80401, United States
Tining Su
Affiliation:
tining_su@nrel.gov, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, 80401, United States
Philip A. Parilla
Affiliation:
phil_parilla@nrel.gov, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, 80401, United States
Lin J. Simpson
Affiliation:
lin_simpson@nrel.gov, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, 80401, United States
Jeffry L. Blackburn
Affiliation:
jeff_blackburn@nrel.gov, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, 80401, United States
Yufeng Zhao
Affiliation:
yufeng_zhao@nrel.gov, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, 80401, United States
Yong-Hyun Kim
Affiliation:
yonghyun_kim@nrel.gov, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, 80401, United States
Shengbai B. Zhang
Affiliation:
shegbai_zhang@nrel.gov, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, 80401, United States
Michael J. Heben
Affiliation:
mike_heben@nrel.gov, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, 80401, United States
Anne C. Dillon*
Affiliation:
anne_dillon@nrel.gov, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, 80401, United States
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Abstract

Experimental wet chemical approaches to complex an iron atom with two C60 fullerenes, representing a new molecule, dubbed a “bucky dumbbell,” have been demonstrated. The structure of this molecule has been determined by 13C solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). Furthermore, this structure has been shown to have unique binding sites for dihydrogen molecules with the technique of temperature programmed desorption (TPD). The new adsorption sites have binding energies that are stronger than that observed for hydrogen physisorbed on planar graphite, but significantly weaker than a chemical C-H bond. Further development of these molecules could make them ideal candidates for onboard vehicular hydrogen storage.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2006

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