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Carbon Nanotubes Synthesis from Four Different Organic Precursors by CVD

  • F. G. Granados-Martínez (a1), J. J. Contreras-Navarrete (a1), D. L. García-Ruiz (a1), C. J. Gutiérrez-García (a1), A. Durán-Navarro (a1), E. E. Gama-Ortega (a1), N. Flores-Ramírez (a1), E. Huipe-Nava (a1), L. García-González (a2), M. de L. Mondragón-Sánchez (a3) and L. Domratcheva-Lvova (a1)...

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were synthesized by Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) from diethyl ether, butanol, hexane and ethyl acetate. A quartz tube with a stainless steel tube catalyst core with 0.019 m diameter and 0.6 m large formed the reactor. To avoid combustion, argon was used as the carrier gas. Time process ranged 30 to 60 min. The range of CNTs synthesis temperature was 680-850 °C for different precursors. Scanning Electron Microscopy micrographs have demonstrated tangled CNTs growth in all samples, thus presenting difficult length measurement. The CNTs diameters from diethyl ether are 45-200 nm, butanol diameter range from 55-230 nm, hexane diameter range is 50-130 nm and ethyl acetate range from 100 to 300 nm. Carbon content for all samples was higher than 93 %, CNTs from butanol showed carbon concentration up to 99%. FTIR, Raman and X-Ray Spectroscopies spectra for all samples demonstrated the characteristics signals present in carbon nanotubes. This research proposes a simple, effective and innovative method to synthesize CNTs by CVD on iron stainless steel catalyst in combination with diethyl ether, ethyl acetate, butanol and hexane as precursors by applying the principles of green chemistry, sustainability and its ease to be scaled.

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