Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Comparative Studies of Ancient Mortars From Giza, Egypt, and Nevali ÇOri, Turkey

  • A. Reller (a1), P.-M. Wilde (a1), H.G. Wiedemann (a2), H. Hauptmann (a3) and G. Bonani (a4)...

Abstract

Mortars collected from the Cheops pyramid, the Sphinx and the Chephren pyramid, all at Giza, Egypt, have been compared with recently found mortars of a cult building of the aceramic neolithic at Nevali üori (south east of Urfa, province Hilvan, Turkey), probably one of the earliest sites of civilization. As methods of investigation thermal analysis, X-ray diffraction as well as analytical scanning and transmission electron microscopy have been used. The egyptian mortars have been found to be primarily made up of gypsum, anhydrite and calcite. The comparative results with mortar of the recently detected temple site at Nevali Con, Turkey, give evidence that the burning or otherwise chemical treatment of limestone as crucial ingredient for the fabrication of mortar has been performed at a very early period (10'000 - 8000 B.C.). In order to further confirm the described findings 14C dating measurements have been carried out. The results of the described studies raise many questions concerning early civilizations and their knowledge of technologies as well as the transfer mechanisms of this knowledge.

Copyright

References

Hide All
[1] Neuburger, A., “Die Technik des Altertums”, R. Voigtl And Ers Verlag, Leipzig (1919).
[2] Stulik, D.C. and Donahue, D.J., MRS Bull. 17 (1992) 53.
[3] Lucas, A. and Harris, J.R., “Ancient Egyptian Materials and Industries”, Arnold, E., London (1962), [4] Gourdin, W.H. and Kingery, W.D., J. Field Archeol. 2 (1975) 133.
[5] Kingery, W.D., Vandiver, P.B. and Prickett, M., J. Field Archeol. 15 (1988) 219.
[6] Klemm, D.D. and Klemm, R., Archeometry 90,Birkhauser Verlag, Basel (1990) p. 445 ff.
[7] Hauptmann, H., Sulzer Horizonte 10 (1991) 8; 11/12 (1991) 8.
[8] Maciejewski, M. and Reller, A., Thermochim. Acta 142 (1989) 175.

Comparative Studies of Ancient Mortars From Giza, Egypt, and Nevali ÇOri, Turkey

  • A. Reller (a1), P.-M. Wilde (a1), H.G. Wiedemann (a2), H. Hauptmann (a3) and G. Bonani (a4)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed