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Effects of Smectite Illitization on Transport of Actinides Through Engineered Barriers of HLW Repositories

  • Joonhong Ahn (a1), S. Nagasaki (a2), S. Tanaka (a2) and A. Suzuki (a2)

Effect of smectite illitization on mass release rate from the bentonite-filled buffer of the engineered barriers is analyzed based on experimental results of sorption of americium and neptunium onto illite-smectite mixtures, and on mathematical models for smectite illitization by K+ diffusion, water flow through the engineered barriers, waste glass dissolution, and transport of americium and neptunium including solubility sharing with two major americium isotopes and moving boundary effect of the neptunium precipitation region. Numerical results for mass release rates of americium and neptunium as well as time-dependent pore velocity and glass dissolution rate are shown. Illitization effect is negligible with parameter values assumed here.

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1. S. P. Altaner , Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 53, 923 (1989).

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3. M. I. Pratopo , H. Moriyama , and K. Higashi , Radiochim. Acta 51, 27 (1990).

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6. M. I. Pratopo , et al., J. Nucl. Technol. 30, 560 (1993).

8. T. Ohe , M. Tsukamoto , M. Kinoshita , and T. Inoue , Waste Management 11, 191 (1991)

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MRS Online Proceedings Library (OPL)
  • ISSN: -
  • EISSN: 1946-4274
  • URL: /core/journals/mrs-online-proceedings-library-archive
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