Bioglass 45S is a promising bone implant material with superior biocompatibility. Past research showed that adhesion of bone cells to titanium is strongly affected by its surface architecture. However, little is known about the role of surface topology of glass on its use as an implant. Thus, we systematically investigated the effect of surface roughness (Ra ∼ 0.01 – 1.2 μm) on cell adhesion and proliferation on 45S Bioglass in vitro. MG63 osteosarcoma and MC3T3 osteoblast precursor cells were seeded on the glass samples, and incubated for up to 6 days. The attachment, morphology and proliferation of cells were investigated using fluorescence microscopy. Our results show that cell attachment (as indicated by cell spreading and number of focal adhesion sites), and proliferation rate decrease with increasing roughness of bioactive glass surface. These findings provide important insight for improving surface characteristics of bioactive glass bone implants.
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