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Industrial Applications of Variable Frequency Microwave Energy in Materials Processing

  • Z. Fathi (a1), D. A. Tucker (a1), W. A. Lewis (a1) and J. B. Wei (a1)
Abstract

A review of some market-driven research, process applications and systems development is provided. The variable frequency microwave processing concepts are briefly described. Industrial processing using variable frequency microwave energy in the areas of polymerization, composite processing, bonding and plasma is discussed. Analytical applications inherent in the use of variable frequency and its control are demonstrated in the areas of materials signature analysis for volumetric cure monitoring.

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1. Johnson, A. C., Lauf, R.J., Surret, A. D., in Microwave Processing of Materials IV, edited by Iskander, M.F., Lauf, R.J.and Sutton, W.H. (Materials Research Society Proceedings 347, Pittsburgh, PA, 1994) pp. 453458.
2. Johnson, A.C., Espinosa, R.J., Lewis, W.A., Thigpen, L.T., Everleigh, C.A., and Garard, R.S. in Microwaves: Theory and Applications in Materials Processing II, edited by Clark, D.E., Tinga, W.R., and Laia, J.R. (American Ceramic Society Transactions 36, Westerville, OH, 1993) pp. 563570.
3. White, M.J., Dillon, S.F., Iskander, M.F., and Bringhurst, S. “FDTD Simulation of Variable Frequencies in a large multimode cavity used for microwave sintering,” elsewhere in these proceedings.
4. Everleigh, C.A., Johnson, A.C., Espinosa, R.J., and Garard, R.S. in Microwave Processing of Materials IV, edited by Iskander, M.F., Lauf, R.J.and Sutton, W.H. (Materials Research Society Proceedings 347, Pittsburgh, PA, 1994) pp. 7989.
5. Bible, D.W., Lauf, R.J., and Everleigh, C.A. in Microwave Processing of Materials III, edited by Beatty, R.L., Sutton, W.H., and Iskander, M.F. (Materials Research Society Proceedings 269, Pittsburgh, PA, 1992) pp. 7781.
6. Lauf, R.J., Bible, D.W., Maddox, S.R., Everleigh, C.A., Espinosa, R.J., and Johnson, A.C. in Microwaves: Theory and Applications in Materials Processing II, edited by Clark, D.E., Tinga, W.R., and Laia, J.R. (American Ceramic Society Transactions 36, Westerville, OH, 1993) pp. 571579.
7. Lauf, R.J., Bible, D.W., Johnson, A.C., and Everleigh, C.A., Microwave Journal 36(11), 24 (1993).
8. Lauf, R.J., Paulauskas, F.L., and Johnson, A.C. in 28th Microwave Symposium Proceedings (International Microwave Power Institute, Manassas, VA, 1993), pp. 150155.
9. Lauf, R.J., Surrett, A.D., Paulauskas, F.L., and Johnson, A.C., “Polymer Curing Using Variable Frequency Microwave Processing,” in Microwave Processing of Materials IV, edited by Iskander, M.F., Lauf, R.J.and Sutton, W.H. (Materials Research Society Proceedings 347, Pittsburgh, PA, 1994) pp. 453458.
10. Fathi, Z., Garard, R.S., Clemons, J.. Saltiel, C., Hutcheon, R.M., DeMeuse, M.T., in Microwaves Theory and Application in Materials Processing III, edited by Clark, D.E., Folz, D.C., Oda, S.J., and Silberglitt, R. (American Ceramic Society Transactions 59, Westerville, OH, 1995) pp. 441448.
11. Garard, R.S., Fathi, Z., and Wei, J.B., in Microwaves Theory and Application in Materials Processing III, edited by Clark, D.E., Folz, D.C., Oda, S.J., and Silberglitt, R. (American Ceramic Society Transactions 59, Westerville, OH, 1995) pp. 117124.
12. Rudder, R.A., Hendry, R.C., Hudson, G.C., Markunas, R.J., Johnson, A.C., Thigpen, L.T., Garard, R.S., and Everleigh, C.A. in Microwaves: Theory and Application in Materials Processing II, edited by Clark, D.E., Tinga, W.R., and Laia, J.R. (American Ceramic Society Transactions 36, Westerville, OH, 1993) pp. 377384.
13. Johnson, A.C., Rudder, R.A., Lewis, W.A., and Hendry, R.C., “Use of Variable Frequency Microwave Energy as a Flexible Plasma Tool,” in Microwave Processing of Materials IV, edited by Iskander, M.F., Lauf, R.J.and Sutton, W.H. (Materials Research Society Proceedings 347, Pittsburgh, PA, 1994) pp. 617622.
14. Tucker, D.A., McClure, M.T., Fathi, Z., Sitar, Z., Walden, B., Sutton, W.H., Lewis, W.A., and Wei, J.B., “Microwave Plasma Assisted CVD of Diamond On Titanium and Ti-6AI- 4V”, elsewhere in these proceedings.
15. Wei, J.B., Fathi, Z., Tucker, D.A., Hampton, M.L., Garard, R.S., and Lauf, R.J., “Materials Characterization and Diagnosis using Variable Frequency Microwaves”, elsewhere in these proceedings.
16. Patent Pending.
17. Patents Pending.
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