In this study an electroforming free device structure based on 25nm thin TiO2 thin films is presented. The TiO2 films are deposited on CMOS compatible W plugs. The use of 5nm thick interlayers of Ti and W between the TiO2 and the Pt electrode turn out to be the key step to achieve the forming free performance. In these Pt/Ti/TiO2/W or Pt/W/TiO2/W samples the switching polarity can be repeatedly changed from “eightwise” to “counter-eightwise” in one device by a proper adjustment of the I-V measurement conditions. The most simple explanation for this observation is that the switching interface can be flipped back and forth from the bottom to the top electrode.
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