Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 24
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Tumurugoti, Priyatham Clark, Braeden M. and Sundaram, S. K. 2015. Microstructural modifications of ceramic waste forms using femtosecond pulse laser. Optical Materials Express, Vol. 5, Issue. 12, p. 2941.

    Lu, Feng and Belkin, Mikhail A. 2011. Infrared absorption nano-spectroscopy using sample photoexpansion induced by tunable quantum cascade lasers. Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue. 21, p. 19942.

    Zhang, Zhaoyan and Gogos, George 2005. Effects of laser intensity and ambient conditions on the laser-induced plume. Applied Surface Science, Vol. 252, Issue. 4, p. 1057.

    Zhang, Zhaoyan and Gogos, George 2004. Theory of shock wave propagation during laser ablation. Physical Review B, Vol. 69, Issue. 23,

    Zhang, Zhaoyan Han, Zhen-Xue and Dulikravich, George S. 2001. Numerical simulation of laser induced plasma during pulsed laser deposition. Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 90, Issue. 12, p. 5889.

    Zhang, Zhaoyan 2001. NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF SHORT-PULSED LASER PROCESSING OF MATERIALS. Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A: Applications, Vol. 40, Issue. 5, p. 497.

    Solis, J. Siegel, J. and Afonso, C. N. 2000. Real-time optical measurements with picosecond resolution during laser induced transformations. Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 71, Issue. 4, p. 1595.

    Siegel, J. Solis, J. and Afonso, C. N. 1999. Recalescence after solidification in Ge films melted by picosecond laser pulses. Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 75, Issue. 8, p. 1071.

    von der Linde, D Sokolowski-Tinten, K and Bialkowski, J 1997. Laser–solid interaction in the femtosecond time regime. Applied Surface Science, Vol. 109-110, p. 1.

    Chen, P. Tomov, I. V. and Rentzepis, P. M. 1995. Picosecond Time Resolved Hard X-Ray Diffraction from Laser Heated Metallic Crystals. Journal of the Chinese Chemical Society, Vol. 42, Issue. 2, p. 119.

    Cavanagh, R.R Heilweil, E.J and Stephenson, J.C 1994. Time-resolved measurements of energy transfer at surfaces. Surface Science, Vol. 299-300, p. 643.

    Malvezzi, A. M. 1993. Laser heating and surface optical monitoring techniques: A survey. International Journal of Thermophysics, Vol. 14, Issue. 3, p. 347.

    Ma, H. Lin, S. H. and Rentzepis, P. 1992. Theoretical study of laser heating and dissociation reactions in solids using ultrafast time-resolved x-ray diffraction. Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 72, Issue. 6, p. 2174.

    Bialkowski, M. M. Hurst, G. S. Parks, J. E. Lowndes, D. H. and Jellison, G. E. 1990. Charge emission from silicon and germanium surfaces irradiated with KrF excimer laser pulses. Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 68, Issue. 9, p. 4795.

    Shea, M. J. Compton, R. N. and Hettich, R. L. 1990. Laser ablation studies of palladium electrolytically loaded with hydrogen and deuterium. Physical Review A, Vol. 42, Issue. 6, p. 3579.

    von der Linde, D. and Danielzik, B. 1989. Picosecond time-resolved laser mass spectroscopy. IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, Vol. 25, Issue. 12, p. 2540.

    Danielzik, B. Harten, P. Sokolowski-Tinten, K. and Linde, D. von der 1988. Picosecond Laser-Induced Solid-Liquid Phase Transformations in Gallium Arsenide and Silicon. MRS Proceedings, Vol. 100,

    Fauchet, P. M. and Li, K. D. 1988. Picosecond Laser Induced Melting: The Dielectric Function of Molten Silicon and Superheating in the Liquid Phase. MRS Proceedings, Vol. 100,

    Malvezzi, A. M. Reverberi, G. and Bloembergen, N. 1988. Optical Properties of Picosecond Laser Irradiated Graphite. MRS Proceedings, Vol. 100,

    Jedju, Thomas M. and Rothberg, Lewis 1987. Picosecond time-resolved absorption in the mid-infrared by seeded optical parametric generation. Applied Optics, Vol. 26, Issue. 14, p. 2877.


Pulsed Laser Interactions With Condensed Matter

  • N. Bloembergen (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 February 2011

The primary interaction is the absorption of photons by electrons. In metals free-free transitions increase the energy of the electron gas. In semiconductors and insulators electron-hole pairs are created, if the photon energy exceeds the band gap. If it is less, only multiphoton processes can initiate energy transfer from the light beam. In nearly all solid materials Auger processes and electron-phonon interactions occur on a picosecond time scale for the high density and energy of the carrier gas created by intense short laser pulses. Thus melting and evaporation of the material can occur on this time scale. These processes may be considered as the initial phases in the creation of laser produced plasmas. They have been studied by time-resolved measurements of the complex index of refraction, by electron and ion emission, by second harmonic generation, by electrical conductivity and other techniques. Fast time resolution is essential. The dynamic behavior of atoms and phase transitions in the picosecond and femtosecond regime has been opened up for experimental investigation.

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

1.J.F. Ready , Effects of High-Power Laser Radiation (Academic Press, New York, 1971).

2.D.I. Rosen , J. Mitteldorf , G. Kothandaraman , A.N. Pirri and E.R. Pugh , J. Appl. Phys. 53, 3190 (1982).

8.Laser and Electron Beam Processing of Materials, edited by C.W. White and P.S. Peercy (Academic Press, New York, 1980).

12.Laser Annealing of Semiconductors, edited by J.M. Poate and J.W. Mayer (Academic Press, New York, 1982).

19.P.L. Liu , R. Yen , N. Bloembergen and R.T. Hodgson , Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 864 (1979).

20.R. Tsu , R.T. Hodgson , T.Y. Tan and J.E. Baglin , Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 1356 (1979).

21.S. Williamson , G. Mourou and J.C.M. Li , Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 2364 (1984).

22.A.M. Malvezzi , J.M. Liu and N. Bloembergen , Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 1019 (1984).

24.J.G. Fujimoto , J.M. Liu , E.P. Ippen and N. Bloembergen , Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1837 (1984).

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

MRS Online Proceedings Library (OPL)
  • ISSN: -
  • EISSN: 1946-4274
  • URL: /core/journals/mrs-online-proceedings-library-archive
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *