The structural response of a ferroelectric BaTiO3/dielectric CaTiO3 superlattice to the bipolar applied electric field was studied using time-resolved x-ray microdiffraction. Structural results were compared to the polarization-electric field hysteresis curve obtained from electrical measurements. The superlattice x-ray reflections were found to have a broad distribution of intensity in reciprocal space under applied electric fields exceeding the nominal coercive electric field. The broad distribution of the lattice constant at high electric fields is compared with a model in which the constituent layers of the superlattice have different coercive fields for the polarization switching.
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