Energetic materials for missiles, gun munitions or pyrotechnic devices often are mixtures in a biphasic form, with a filler and a binder. To satisfy the user needs, an analysis of functional requirements together with constraints (safety, vulnerability, ageing, environment, disposal, price...) is useful to choose a convenient binder. From this point of view numerous synthetic energetic polymers proposed or developed as binders are reviewed with regard to their syntheses, processing, properties and possible uses. These polymers contain explosophore groups: C-NO2 aliphatic or aromatic, ONO2, NNO2, NF2 and N3.
Some research projects are suggested. Among them in the list of published polymers, following a NIMIC (NATO) suggestion, note the reason of a development interruption. Some dinitropolystyrene – polyvinyl nitrate mixtures or copolymers could exhibit interesting properties. For unknown reasons, some mixtures of crystalline filler- with polymeric binder, generally in a biphasic form, may also be monophasic for a same composition. What properties are modified between the both forms (e.g. combustion mechanisms, erosion, ideal character of the detonation) ? It is also interesting to pursue into a newly open route to thermo-plastic elastomers.