Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Introduction to Inconvenient Realities: The Emergence and Resilience of Parastates

  • Michael Rossi (a1) and Jaume Castan Pinos (a2)

Abstract

Within the growing literature on de facto states and disputed territories, the parastate stands as the most contentious challenge to international sovereignty and one of the greatest threats to regional security. Parastates are territorial entities that have unilaterally declared independence and control territory claimed by another state. Though parastates have been a part of international studies since the 1960s, the collapse of the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia have produced a number of breakaway entities that have challenged existing understandings of state theory and security studies. Without full legal international recognition, the de facto statehood of parastates cannot transform into de jure sovereignty. This special section introduces our collaborative project on the nature, scope, orientation, and character of parastates; a small, select, and particularly problematic subunit of the de facto state family. Though many of these examples should be familiar to researchers of disputed territories, we feel some that have been previously categorized as de facto, contested, or even unrecognized states are better understood as parastates due to the indefinite frozen conflict they find themselves in for years, if not decades.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author. Email: Michael.Rossi@liu.edu

References

Hide All
Bahcheli, Tozun, Bartmann, Barry, and Srebnik, Henry, eds. 2004. De Facto States: The Quest for Sovereignty. New York: Routledge.
Caspersen, Nina. 2012. Unrecognized States: The Struggle for Sovereignty in the Modern International System. Malden, MA: Polity Press.
Castan Pinos, Jaume. 2018. “Terror, territory and statehood from al Qaeda to the Islamic State.” In African Border Disorders. Addressing Transnational Extremist Organizations, edited by Walther, Oliver J. and Miles, William F. S., 153169. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.
Jaume, Castan Pinos and Sacramento, Jeremy. 2019. “L’Etat contre-attaque: un examen de la contra-paradiplomatie espagnole en Catalogne (2012–2017).” Relations Internationales 179 (3): 95111.
Florea, Adrian2017. “De facto states: survival and disappearance (1945-2011).” International Studies Quarterly 61 (2): 337351.
Geldenhuys, Deon. 2009. Contested States in World Politics. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave.
Kolstø, Pål. 2006. “The Sustainability and Future of Unrecognized Quasi-States.” Journal of Peace Research 43 (6): 723740.
Liotta, P. H. 2001. “Balkan Fragmentation and the Rise of the Parastate.” In Dismembering the State: The Death of Yugoslavia and Why It Matters, edited by Liotta, P. H., 187216. New York: Lexington Books.
McColl, Robert W. 1969. “The Insurgent State: Territorial Bases of Revolution.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 59 (4): 613631.
Pegg, Scott. 1998: International Society and the De Facto State. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate.
Roth, Christopher F. 2015. Let’s Split! A Complete Guide to Separatist Movements and Aspirant Nations, from Abkhazia to Zanzibar. Sacramento, CA: Litwin Books.
Stanislawski, Bartosz, Pełczyńska-Nałęcz, Katarzyna, Strachota, Krzystof, Falkowski, Maciej, Crane, David M., and Levitsky, Melvin. 2008. “Para-states, Quasi-states, and Black Spots.” International Studies Review 10 (2): 366396.
Wood, Graeme. 2015. “What ISIS Really Wants.” The Atlantic. March. https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2015/03/what-isis-really-wants/384980/. (Accessed July 18, 2018.)

Keywords

Introduction to Inconvenient Realities: The Emergence and Resilience of Parastates

  • Michael Rossi (a1) and Jaume Castan Pinos (a2)

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed