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NKRL, a knowledge representation tool for encoding the ‘meaning’ of complex narrative texts

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 September 1997

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique EHESS-CAMS, 54 boulevard Raspail, 75270 PARIS Cedex 06, France; e-mail:


In this paper, we describe NKRL (Narrative Knowledge Representation Language), a language designed for representing, in a standardized way, the semantic content (the ‘meaning’) of complex narrative texts. After having introduced informally the four ‘components’ (specialized sub-languages) of NKRL, we will describe (some of) the data structures proper to each of them, trying to show that the NKRL coding retains the main informational elements of the original narrative expressions. We will then focus on an important subset of NKRL, the so-called AECS sub-language, showing in particular that the operators of this sub-language can be used to represent some sorts of ‘plural’ expressions.

Research Article
1997 Cambridge University Press

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