Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

A late Cretaceous elasmosaurid of the Tethys Sea margins (southern Negev, Israel), and its palaeogeographic reconstruction

  • R. Rabinovich (a1), H. Ginat (a2), M. Schudack (a3), U. Schudack (a3), S. Ashckenazi-Polivoda (a2) and G. Rogolsky (a2)...
Abstract
Abstract

Recent research on the late Cretaceous (Santonian), Menuha Formation of the southern Negev, Israel, has revealed several unconformities in its exposures, spatial changes in its lithofacies, agglomerations of its carbonate concretions and nodules at a variety of localities. At Menuha Ridge Site 20, portions of a new elasmosaurid skeleton were found within deposits of laminated bio-micritic muddy limestone with thin phosphatic layers. The sediments are rich in microfossils – foraminifera and ostracods preserved in the carbonate mud. Planktic foraminifera species (e.g. Dicarinella asymetrica, D. concavata, Sigalia decoratissima carpatica) appear as well as species indicative of opportunistic life strategies typical of a forming upwelling system in the region. Marine ostracods (e.g. Brachycythere angulata, Cythereis rosenfeldi evoluta) and many echinoid spines suggest an open marine environment. Using a multidisciplinary approach, we offer here a reconstruction of the micro-regional palaeogeography along a segment of the ancient shoreline of the Tethys Sea during the Santonian, and explain the environmental conditions under which the various fauna lived. This new elasmosaurid is examined in light of the above and compared with evidence from the adjacent areas along the margins of the southern Tethys Sea.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author. Email: rivkar@mail.huji.ac.il
Footnotes
Hide All

The second author's surname was incorrect in the original version of this article. A notice detailing this has been published and the error rectified in the online and print PDF and HTML copies

Footnotes
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

K.H. Al Maleh & N Bardet ., 2003. Sur la découverte de niveaux phosphatés, associés à des ossements de vertébrés dans les dépôts carbonatés du Coniacien-Santonien du Jabal Abtar – Episode précoce de la phosphatogenèse sénonienne des Palmyrides (Chaîne des Palmyrides – Syrie centrale). Comptes Rendus Géosciences 335: 391400.

A. Almogi-Labin , Y. Eshet , A. Flexer , S. Moshkovitz & A Rosenfeld ., 1991. Detailed biostratigraphy of the Santonian/Campanian boundary interval in Northern Israel. Journal of Micropalaeontology 10: 3950.

A. Almogi-Labin , A. Bein & E Sass ., 1993. Late Cretaceous upwelling system along the southern thethys margine (Israel): Interrelationship between productivity bottom water environments and organic matter preservation. Paleoceanography 8: 671690.

A. Almogi-Labin , S. Ashckenazi-Polivoda , Y. Edelman-Furstenberg & C Benjamini ., 2012. Anoxia–dysoxia at the sediment–water interface of the Southern Tethys in the Late Cretaceous: Mishash Formation, southern Israel. In: A.V. Altenbach , J.M. Bernhard & J. Seckbach (eds): Anoxia. Springer (Dordrecht): 553572.

S. Ashckenazi-Polivoda , Y. Edelman-Furstenberg , A. Almogi-Labin & C Benjamini ., 2010. Characterization of lowest oxygen environments within ancient upwelling environments: Benthic foraminifera assemblages. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 289: 134144.

S. Ashckenazi-Polivoda , S. Abramovich , A. Almogi-Labin , A. Schneider-Mor , S. Feinstein , W. Puttmann & Z Berner ., 2011. Paleoenvironments of the latest Cretaceous oil shale sequence, Southern Tethys, Israel, as an integral part of the prevailing upwelling system. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 305: 93108.

N Bardet ., 2012. Maastrichtian marine reptiles of the Mediterranean Tethys: a palaeobiogeographical approach. Bulletin de la Sociéteé Géologique de France 183: 573596.

N. Bardet , P. Godefroit & J Sciau ., 1999. A new elasmosaurid plesiosaur from the Lower Jurassic of southern France. Palaeontology 42: 927952.

N. Bardet , X. Pereda Suberbiola , M. Iarochène , M. Amalik & B Bouya ., 2005. Durophagous Mosasauridae (Squamata) from the Upper Cretaceous phosphates of Morocco, with description of a new species of Globidens . Netherlands Journal of Geosciences 84(3): 167175.

N. Bardet , X. Pereda Suberbiola , S. Jouve , E. Bourdon , P. Vincent , A. Houssaye , J.-C. Rage , N.-E. Jalil , B. Bouya & M Amaghzaz ., 2010. Reptilian assemblages from the latest Cretaceous–Palaeogene phosphates of Morocco: from Arambourg to present time. Historical Biology 22: 186199.

N. Bardet , N-E. Jalil , F. de Lapparent de Broin , D. Germain , O. Lambert & M Amaghzaz ., 2013. A giant chelonioid turtle from the Late Cretaceous of Morocco with a suction feeding apparatus unique among tetrapods. PLoS ONE 8(7): e63586, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0063586.

R.B.J. Benson & P.S Druckenmiller ., 2014. Faunal turnover of marine tetrapods during the Jurassic–Cretaceous transition. Biological Reviews 89:123.

E.D Cope ., 1869. Synopsis of the extinct Batrachia and Reptilia of North America. Transactions of the North American Philosophical Society 14, 1252.

Z Garfunkel ., 1981. Internal structure of the Dead Sea Leaky transform (rift) in the relation to plate kinematics. Tectonophysics 80: 81108.

Z. Garfunkel & Z Ben-Avraham ., 1996. The structure of the Dead Sea basin. Tectonophysics 266: 155176.

F.M. Gradstein , J.G. Ogg & F.J Hilgen ., 2012. On the geologic time scale. Newsletters on Stratigraphy 45: 171188.

Y. Kolodny & M Raab ., 1988. Oxygen isotopes in phosphatic fish remains from Israel: paleothermometry of tropical Cretaceous and Tertiary shelf waters. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 64: 5967.

J. Lindgren , H.F. Kaddumi & M.J Polcyn ., 2013. Soft tissue preservation in a fossil marine lizard with a bilobed tail fin. Nature Communications 4: 2423. doi: 10.1038/ncomms3423 |www.nature.com/naturecommunications.

A. Meilijson , S. Ashckenazi-Polivoda , L. Ron-Yankovich , P. Illner , H. Alsenz , R. Speijer , A. Almogi-labin , S. Feinstein , W. Püttmann , Z. Berner & S Abramovich ., 2014. Chronostratigraphy of the Late Cretaceous high productivity sequence of the Southern Tethys, Israel. Cretaceous Research 50: 187213.

J.P O’Gorman ., 2012. The oldest elasmosaurs (Sauropterygia, Plesiosauria) from Antarctica, Santa Marta Formation (upper Coniacian? Santonian–upper Campanian) and Snow Hill Island Formation (upper Campanian–lower Maastrichtian), James Ross Island. Polar Research 31: 11090. http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/polar.v31i0.11090.

M.R Petrizzo ., 2000. Upper Turonian–lower Campanian planktonic foraminifera from southern mid-high latitudes (Exmouth Plateau, NW Australia): biostratigraphy and taxonomic notes. Cretaceous Research 21: 479505.

M.R Petrizzo ., 2001. Late Cretaceous planktonic foraminifera from Kerguelen Plateau (ODP Leg 183): new data to improve the Southern Ocean biozonation. Cretaceous Research 22: 829855.

M.R Petrizzo ., 2002. Palaeoceanographic and palaeoclimatic inferences from Late Cretaceous planktonic foraminiferal assemblages from the Exmouth Plateau (ODP Sites 762 and 763, eastern Indian Ocean). Marine Micropaleontology 45(2): 117150.

A. Retzler , M.A. Wilson & Y Avni ., 2013. Chondrichthyans from the Menuha Formation (Late Cretaceous: Santonian-Early Campanian) of the Makhtesh Ramon region, southern Israel. Cretaceous Research 40: 8189.

S. Sachs , B.P. Kear & M.J Everhart ., 2013. Revised vertebral count in the ‘longest-necked vertebrate’ Elasmosaurus platyurus Cope 1868, and clarification of the cervical–dorsal transition in plesiosauria. PLoS ONE 8(8): e70877. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0070877.

D. Soudry , C.R. Glenn , Y. Nathan , I. Segal & D VonderHaar ., 2006. Evolution of Tethyan phosphogenesis along the northern edges of the Arabian–African shield during the Cretaceous–Eocene as deduced from temporal variations of Ca and Nd isotopes and rates of P accumulation. Earth Science Reviews 78: 2757.

P Vincent ., 2012. Re-description of a basal plesiosaur (Reptilia, Sauropterygia) from the Lower Jurassic of England. Journal of Paleontology 86(1): 167176.

P. Vincent , N. Bardet , X. Pereda Suberbiola , B. Bouya , M. Amaghzaz & S Meslouh ., 2011. Zarafasaura oceanis, a new elasmosaurid (Reptilia: Sauropterygia) from the Maastrichtian Phosphates of Morocco and the palaeobiogeography of latest Cretaceous plesiosaurs. Gondwana Research 19: 10621073.

P. Vincent , N. Bardet , A. Houssaye , M. Amaghzaz & S Meslouh ., 2013. New plesiosaur specimens from the Maastrichtian Phosphates of Morocco and their implications for the ecology of the latest Cretaceous marine apex predators. Gondwana Research 24(2): 796805.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Netherlands Journal of Geosciences
  • ISSN: 0016-7746
  • EISSN: 1573-9708
  • URL: /core/journals/netherlands-journal-of-geosciences
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 2
Total number of PDF views: 15 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 189 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 20th August 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.